Art/ Collection/ Art Object

The Crucifixion

Circle of the Housebook Master (German, active Middle Rhineland, ca. 1470–1500)
German, possibly Mainz and/or Cologne
Tempera on parchment
6 5/8 x 4 13/16 in. (16.8 x 12.2cm)
Manuscripts and Illuminations
Credit Line:
Robert Lehman Collection, 1975
Accession Number:
Not on view
The mysterious artist known as the Housebook Master is named after the famous "Hausbuch" manuscript, a book of drawings and illuminations on the subject of war, probably produced between 1475 and 1485. He is thought to have worked as a printmaker, painter, and manuscript illuminator in Germany, particularly the Middle Rhine region, in the second half of the fifteenth century. This leaf depicting the Crucifixion was probably detached from a missal (Kupferstichkabinett, Berlin), a book of texts used in reciting the mass. Although its style resembles that of the Housebook Master, the leaf was probably by an artist in his circle.
Perhaps Margarethe von Simmern (d. 1486), electress Palatine, Mainz, or more likely, one of her sons, Stephan (b. 1457) or Friedrich (b. 1460); Madame X sale, Galerie Georges Petit, Paris, 6 December 1926, lot 91, pl.10 (as German or Flemish, 16 century); [Altounian, Mâcon]. Acquired by Robert Lehman in 1926
Sandra Hindman, Chicago, Mirella Levi D'Ancona, Pia Palladino, and Maria Francesca Saffiotti. "Illuminations." Robert Lehman Collection. IV, New York, 1997, pp. 13-19 No.2;.

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