Art/ Collection/ Art Object

清乾隆 景德鎮窯白鹿瓶
Vase with "One Hundred Deer" Motif

Period:
Qing dynasty (1644–1911)
Date:
18th century
Culture:
China
Medium:
Porcelain painted in overglaze enamels (Jingdezhen ware)
Dimensions:
H. 18 in. (45.7 cm); W. 14 in. (35.6 cm); Diam. of rim: 6 1/2 in. (16.5 cm); Diam. of foot: 9 1/2 in. (24.1 cm)
Classification:
Ceramics
Credit Line:
Mr. and Mrs. Isaac D. Fletcher Collection, Bequest of Isaac D. Fletcher, 1917
Accession Number:
17.120.195
Not on view
Deer were considered supernatural creatures in premodern China, and they appear frequently in scenes of immortals and magical lands. Here, one hundred deer cavort in a landscape of towering pines. This imposing vase carries a second layer of meaning due to wordplay: the term for “one hundred deer,” bai lu (百鹿), is a homonym for bailu (百祿), the economic, cultural, and social benefits that could accrue during the course of an official career. The motif can thus be read as a wish to attain a position in government.
Marking: None
Mr. and Mrs. Isaac D. Fletcher , New York (until his d. 1917), bequeathed to MMA
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Extravagant Display: Chinese Art in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries," December 14, 2010–May 1, 2011.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Streams and Mountains without End: Landscape Traditions of China," August 26, 2017–January 6, 2019.

Related Objects

Vase with Nine Peaches

Medium: Porcelain painted with colored enamels over transparent glaze (Jingdezhen ware) Accession: 17.120.194 On view in:Gallery 202

Vase

Date: 1713–22 Medium: Porcelain with peach-bloom glaze (Jingdezhen ware) Accession: 14.40.377 On view in:Gallery 200

Jar with Carp in Lotus Pond

Date: mid-16th century Medium: Porcelain painted with cobalt blue under and colored enamels over transparent glaze (Jingdezhen ware) Accession: 17.127.2 On view in:Gallery 204

Vase with Bird on Flowering Plum and Setting Sun

Date: mid-17th century Medium: Porcelain painted with colored enamels over transparent glaze (Jingdezhen ware) Accession: 21.175.9 On view in:Gallery 203

Vase with Basket of Auspicious Flowers

Date: 18th century Medium: Porcelain painted with colored enamels over transparent glaze (Jingdezhen ware) Accession: 14.40.197 On view in:Gallery 200