Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Saint James the Great

Date:
ca. 1231
Geography:
Made in Limoges, France
Culture:
French
Medium:
Copper-gilt, champlevé enamel, turquoise, cabochons
Dimensions:
Overall: 11 5/8 x 5 11/16 x 2 3/16 in. (29.6 x 14.5 x 5.5 cm)
Classification:
Enamels-Champlevé
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917
Accession Number:
17.190.123
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 304
This gilded relief sculpture of Saint James the Great decorated the high altar of the abbey church at Grandmont until the French Revolution.
Inscription: Inscription: (in second horizontal band)S: IACOB.
Probably from the frontal of the high altar, destroyed in 1790, of the abbey church at Grandmont, near Limoges.; Monsieur Astaix, Limoges (by 1883); Adolf Hommel, Zurich (until 1909); his sale, Kunsthaus Lempertz, Cologne (August 10-18, 1909, no. 996); [ Hamburger Frères, Paris (1909)]; J. Pierpont Morgan, London and New York (in 1909)
Linas, Charles de. "Une plaque d'émail limousin et la châsse de saint Etienne à Grandmont." Revue de l'Art chretien 34 (April 1884). pp. 164–66.

"Séance du 24 avril 1883." Bulletin de la Société Archéologique et Historique du Limousin 32 (1885). p. 328.

Guibert, Louis. "L'orfévrerie et les orfévres de Limoges." Bulletin de la Société Archéologique et Historique du Limousin 32 (1885). p. 61 n. 2.

Guibert, Louis, ed. Exposition rétrospective de Limoges, 1886. Photographies par Mieusement. Limoges: s.n., 1886. p. 7, pl. XIX.

Guibert, Louis, and Jules Tixier, ed. L'Art rétrospectif: Exposition de Limoges, 1886. Limoges: Veuve H. Ducourtieux, 1886. no. III.32, p. 59, pl. XXXI.

Marbouty, Camille. "Visite aux émaux anciens et modernes de Limoges." Bulletin de la Société Archéologique et Historique du Limousin 33 (1886). p. 85.

Palustre, Léon, and Barbier de Montault. Orfèvrerie et èmaillerie limousines. Ire partie: pièces exposées à Limoges en 1886. Mélanges d'art et d'archéologie, Vol. 2. Paris: Picard, [1887]. no. 12, pl. XII.

Guibert, Louis. "L'Orfévrerie limousine et les émaux d'orfèvre à l'exposition rétrospective de Limoges." Bulletin de la Société Archéologique et Historique du Limousin 35 (1888). pp. 233–34.

Guibert, Louis. "L'Exposition rétrospective de Limoges." Bulletin de la Société Archéologique et Historique du Limousin 35 (1888). p. 8.

Guibert, Louis. "L'école monastique d'orfévrerie de Grandmont et l'autel majeur de l'église abbatiale, notice accompagnée des deux inventaires les plus anciens du Trésor (1496-1515)." Bulletin de la Société Archéologique et Historique du Limousin 36, pt. 1 (1888). p. 72 n. 2.

Rupin, Ernest. L'Oeuvre de Limoges. Paris: Alphonse Picard et Fils, 1890. pp. 427-28, fig. 478, pl. XXXVIII.

Sammlung Dr. Adolf Hommel, Zürich: Kunstgegenstände und Antiquitäten. Cologne: J. M. Heberle, August 10–18, 1909. no. 996, p. 134.

Breck, Joseph, and Meyric R. Rogers. The Pierpont Morgan Wing: A Handbook. 1st ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1925. p. 101, fig. 55.

Breck, Joseph, and Meyric R. Rogers. The Pierpont Morgan Wing: A Handbook. 2nd ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1929. p. 101, fig. 55.

Marquet de Vasselot, Jean-Joseph. Les Crosses limousines du XIIIe siècle. Paris: Firmin-Didot, 1941. pp. 120, 149–58.

Forsyth, William H. "Mediaeval Enamels in a New Installation." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 4, no. 9 (May 1946). p. 233, ill. p. 239.

Brisset, G. "Notes sur l’exposition des émaux champlevés du musée de l’évêché de Limoges, 1948." Bulletin de la Société Archéologique et Historique du Limousin 83 (1949). p. 100.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Guide to the Collections: Medieval Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1962. fig. 27.

Souchal, Geneviève. "Les émaux de Grandmont au XIII siècle." Bulletin Monumental 121, no. 2 (1963). pp. 126–28.

Gauthier, Marie-Madeleine. "Le goût Plantagenet." In Stil und Überlieferung in der Kunst des Abendlandes: Volume 1, Epochen europäischer Kunst. International Congress of the History of Art, Vol. 21. Berlin: Gebr. Mann, 1967. p. 141.

Wixom, William D. Treasures from Medieval France. Cleveland: Cleveland Museum of Art, 1967. p. 150.

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Beeson, Nora B., ed. Guide to The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1972. no. 59, p. 223, fig. 59.

Gauthier, Marie-Madeleine. Émaux du Moyen Âge Occidental. Fribourg: Office du Livre, 1972. p. 372.

Gaborit, Jean-René. "L'autel majeur de Grandmont." Cahiers de civilisation médiévale 19, no. 3 (July–September 1976). pp. 243–46, fig. 11.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide, edited by Kathleen Howard. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1983. no. 29, p. 349.

Gaeta Bertelà, Giovanna, and Beatrice Paolozzi Strozzi, ed. Arti del Medio Evo e del Rinascimento: Omaggio ai Carrand, 1889–1989. Florence: Museo Nazionale del Bargello, 1989. p. 432.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide, edited by Kathleen Howard. 2nd ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1994. no. 30, p. 383.

Taburet-Delahaye, Elisabeth, and Barbara Drake Boehm, ed. L'Oeuvre de Limoges: Emaux limousins du Moyen Age. Paris: Réunion des Musées Nationaux, 1995. no. 58b, pp. 218-222.

Boehm, Barbara Drake, and Elisabeth Taburet-Delahaye, ed. Enamels of Limoges, 1100-1350. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1996. no. 58, pp.218–22.

Boehm, Barbara Drake. "Opus Lemovicense: La Diffusion des Émaux Limousins." In Émaux de Limoges, XIIe-XIXe Siècle, edited by Jacques Toussaint. Namur: Société Archéologique de Namur, 1996. pp. 31, 34, fig. 6.

Caillet, Jean-Pierre. "De l'antependium au retable: La contribution des orfèvres et émailleurs d'Occident." Cahiers de civilisation médiévale 49, no. 193 (January–March 2006). p. 12.



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