Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object
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Crozier Head

Date:
ca. 1350–75
Geography:
Made in possibly Lombardy, Italy
Culture:
Italian
Medium:
Ivory, gilding
Dimensions:
Overall: 7 5/16 x 4 1/16 x 1 1/4 in. (18.6 x 10.3 x 3.1 cm) Shaft: 1 3/16 x 1 1/4 in. (3 x 3.1 cm) Base: 4 1/4 x 5 1/16 x 4 1/4 in. (10.8 x 12.8 x 10.8 cm)
Classification:
Ivories
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917
Accession Number:
17.190.171
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 306
A crozier, the principal emblem of a bishop's pastoral role, was often decorated with rich subjects appropriate to his authority. The double depiction of Christ may be a visual reference to John 15:1, "I am the true vine: and my Father is the Husbandman." Below are the allegorical virtues: Justice with her scales, Fortitude with the lion, Temperance pouring water into a flask, and Prudence with her lamp.
Inscription: Inscribed: (engraved on vertical part of crozier) DL
Frédéric Spitzer (d. 1890), Paris (sold 1893); Oscar Hainauer, Berlin (until d. 1894); by descent to his widow, Julie Hainauer, Berlin (1894–sold 1906, to Duveen); [ Duveen Brothers, London, Paris and New York (sold July 1906, to Morgan)]; J. Pierpont Morgan, London and New York (1906-1917)
Mély, F. de. "Bibliographie: La Collection Spitzer." Revue de l'art chrétien 40, no. 6 (September 1890). p. 425, (as cat. no. 35).

La Collection Spitzer: Antiquité, Moyen-Age, Renaissance. Vol. I. Mâcon: Imprimerie Protat Frères, 1890–1891. no. Ivoire 83, p. 54.

Spitzer, Frédéric, ed. La Collection Spitzer: Antiquité -- Moyen-Age -- Renaissance. Vol. 1. Paris: Maison Quantin, 1890–1893. no. Ivoire 86, p. 54, pl. IX.

Catalogue des objets d'art et de haute curiosité: antiques, du moyen-âge & de la renaissance: composant l'importante et précieuse Collection Spitzer. Vol. 1. Paris: Chevallier and Mannheim, April 17–June 16, 1893. no. 121, p. 23, pl. III.

Bode, Wilhelm von. Die Sammlung Oscar Hainauer. Berlin: Druck von W. Büxenstein, 1897. no. 133, p. 81.

Bode, Wilhelm von. The Collection of Oscar Hainauer. Reprint (with English trans.) ed. London: Chiswick Press, 1906. no. 133, p. 81.



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