Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Crucifixion flanked by Saints

Date:
ca. 1270 (probably before 1272)
Culture:
British
Medium:
Silk
Dimensions:
Overall: 7 1/2 x 29 1/4 in. (19.1 x 74.3 cm) Framed: 9 1/2 × 31 × 1 in. (24.1 × 78.7 × 2.5 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Embroidered-Ecclesiastical
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917
Accession Number:
17.190.186
Not on view
English embroidery, or opus anglicanum (English work), was present across Europe. This small but fine panel, which likely decorated the front of a private altar, presents the Crucifixion of Jesus witnessed by Saint John, the Virgin, and saints James the Greater (with a satchel), Peter (with a key), Paul (with a sword), and Andrew (with an X-shaped cross). Reading from left to right, the coats of arms are those of Hastings, Fitz-Alan, England, Castile-Léon, DeClare, and DeVere. The placement of the arms of King Edward I (r. 1272–1307) and his queen, Eleanor of Castile, date the embroidery to between Edward’s ascension in 1272 and Eleanor’s death in 1290.
J. Pierpont Morgan, London and New York (until 1917)
Breck, Joseph, and Meyric R. Rogers. The Pierpont Morgan Wing: A Handbook. 1st ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1925. p. 101.

Breck, Joseph, and Meyric R. Rogers. The Pierpont Morgan Wing: A Handbook. 2nd ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1929. p. 101.

Arts of the Middle Ages: A Loan Exhibition, February 17 to March 24, 1940. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1940. no. 98, p. 34, pl. XLVII.

Montefusco, Francesco Bignozzi. Il Piviale di San Domenico. Arte in Emilia, Vol. 7. Bologna: R. Pàtron, 1970. p. 28, fig. 6.

Husband, Timothy B. "Ecclesiastical Vestments of the Middle Ages." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 29, no. 7 (March 1971). pp. 285-290, fig. 2.

Young, Bonnie. "Opus Anglicanum." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 29, no. 7 (March 1971). p. 297, fig. 16.

Verdier, Philippe, Peter Brieger, and Marie Farquhar Montpetit, ed. Art and the Courts: France and England from 1259-1328. Vol. 2. Ottowa: National Gallery of Canada, 1972. no. 85, pp. 136–37, pl. 111–111a.

Verdier, Philippe, Peter Brieger, and Marie Farquhar Montpetit, ed. Art and the Courts: France and England from 1259-1328. Vol. 1. Ottowa: National Gallery of Canada, 1972. no. 85, p. 164.

Browne, Clare, Glyn Davies, and Michael A. Michael, ed. English Medieval Embroidery: Opus Anglicanum. London: Victoria and Albert Museum, 2016. no. 17, pp. 136–37, 146, 232.

Morgan, Nigel. "Embroidered Textiles in the Service of the Church." In English Medieval Embroidery: Opus Anglicanum, edited by Clare Browne, Glyn Davies, and Michael A. Michael. London: Victoria and Albert Museum, 2016. p. 34, (as cat. no. 17).



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