Art/ Collection/ Art Object
{{img.publicCaption}}

Triptych with the Way to Calvary, the Crucifixion, and the Disrobing of Jesus

Date:
ca. 1400–1420
Culture:
Netherlandish or French
Medium:
Gilded copper, silver and paint
Dimensions:
Overall (open): 9 3/4 x 16 1/2 x 3/4 in. (24.8 x 41.9 x 1.9 cm) Overall (closed): 9 3/4 x 8 3/8 x 1 9/16 in. (24.8 x 21.2 x 3.9 cm)
Classification:
Metalwork-Silver
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917
Accession Number:
17.190.369
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 306
Made as an object of private devotion for an affluent patron, this triptych is a virtuoso example of Parisian goldsmiths' art of the early fifteenth century. Christ, the group of mourners, and the soldiers on the central panel are reliefs of uncolored silver. By contrast, the two thieves in the gilded background, as well as the Carrying of the Cross and Christ Disrobed on the wings, are rendered in pointillé (stippling). In this technique, the goldsmith's hammer hits a very fine stamp repeatedly into the metal ground, leaving a multitude of indentations. Their varying thickness and concentration establish shadows, depth, and the overall legibility of the composition. The refinement and the difficulty involved (this method allows no correction) appealed greatly to members of the Valois court, who were the principal commissioners of such objects.
Inscription: [on scroll] ave.Maria.gracia.plena.domini
J. Pierpont Morgan, London and New York (until 1917)
Steingräber, Erich. "Nachträge und Marginalien zur französisch-niederländischen Goldschmiedekunst des frühen 15. Jahrhunderts." Anzeiger des Germanischen Nationalmuseums (1969). pp. 30–35, fig. 2.

Heusinger, Christian von. "Gepunzte und gestochene Platten in Braunschweig: Ein Beitrag zur Kunstgeschichte der Graphik." Festschrift zur Ausstellung: Brunswiek 1031 Braunschweig 1981. Die Stadt Heinrichs des Löwen von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart (1981). pp. 225–26, fig. 1–2.

Pushkin Museum and State Hermitage Museum. Dekorativno-Prikladnoe Iskusstvo ot Pozdnei Antichnosti do Pozdnei Gotiki: Kratkii Katalog Vystavki. Moscow: Pushkin Museum, 1990. no. 75, p. 13.

State Hermitage Museum. Dekorativno-Prikladnoe Iskusstvo ot Pozdnei Antichnosti do Pozdnei Gotiki. St. Petersburg: State Hermitage Museum, 1990. no. 75, pp. 156-157.

Alexander, Jonathan J. G. "A Metalwork Triptych of the Passion of Christ in The Metropolitan Museum, New York." Wiener Jahrbuch für Kunstgeschichte 46/47, pt. 1 (1993–1994). pp. 27–36, fig. 1, ill. p. 377.

Steyaert, John W., ed. Laat-gotische beeldhouwkunst in de Bourgondische Nederlanden. Ghent: Ludion, 1994. p. 320, fig. 95a.

Steyaert, John W. Late Gothic Sculpture: The Burgundian Netherlands. Ghent: Ludion Press, 1994. p. 320, fig. 95a.

Kammel, Frank Matthias, and Andreas Curtius. Spiegel der Seligkeit: Privates Bild und Frömmigkeit im Spätmittelalter. Nuremberg: Germanisches Nationalmuseum, 2000. no. 97, pp. 271-272.

Laureati, Laura, and Lorenza Mochi Onori, ed. Gentile da Fabriano and the Other Renaissance. Milano: Electa, 2006. no. II.4, pp. 94-95, 104-105.

Laureati, Laura, and Lorenza Mochi Onori, ed. Gentile da Fabriano e l'altro Rinascimento. Milano: Electa, 2006. no. II.4, pp. 94-95, 104-105.

Laureati, Laura, and Lorenza Mochi Onori, ed. Cimabue and Early Renaissance Devotional Painting. Milan: Electa, 2006. no. 2.4, pp. 104-105.

Borchert, Till-Holger, ed. Van Eyck to Dürer: Early Netherlandish Painting and Central Europe, 1430–1530. Tielt, Belgium: Groeninge Museum, 2010. no. 182, pp. 356-357.



Related Objects

Panel from a Triptych with Bishop Saint

Date: mid-15th century Medium: Copper-gilt Accession: 90.3.9b On view in:Gallery 306

Plaque from Triptych

Date: mid-15th century Medium: Copper-gilt Accession: 90.3.9c On view in:Gallery 306

Plaque from Triptych

Date: mid-15th century Medium: Copper-gilt Accession: 90.3.9a On view in:Gallery 306

Plate with Wife Beating Husband

Date: ca. 1480 Medium: Copper alloy, wrought Accession: 64.101.1499 On view in:Gallery 307

Aquamanile in the Form of a Unicorn

Date: ca. 1425–50 Medium: Copper alloy Accession: 64.101.1493 On view in:Gallery 17