Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

Central Plaque of a Cross

Date:
ca. 1185–95
Geography:
Made in Limoges, France
Culture:
French
Medium:
Copper: engraved, stippled, gilt; champlevé enamel: dark and light blue, translucent dark and opaque medium green, yellow, translucent and opaque red, rose, and white
Dimensions:
Overall: 14 3/4 x 11 3/4 x 3/4 in. (37.4 x 29.8 x 1.9 cm)
Classification:
Enamels-Champlevé
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917
Accession Number:
17.190.409a
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 304
The rose-colored face of Christ, his chalk-white torso with fine lines of gilded copper that articulate the interior and exterior lines of his body, and the knee-length deep-blue loincloth link this cross to a small number of others associated with the abbey at Grandmont.
Inscription: inscribed: I H S X P S at top of cross (Christ).
Alfred André (French, 1839–1919)(sold Paris, 1910); J. Pierpont Morgan, London and New York
Breck, Joseph, and Meyric R. Rogers. The Pierpont Morgan Wing: A Handbook. 1st ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1925. pp. 100–1, fig. 54.

Breck, Joseph, and Meyric R. Rogers. The Pierpont Morgan Wing: A Handbook. 2nd ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1929. pp. 100–1, fig. 54.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Art Treasures of the Metropolitan: A Selection from the European and Asiatic Collections of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: H.N. Abrams, 1952. no. 52, pp. 59, 221.

Thoby, Paul. Les Croix limousines de la fin du XIIe siècle au début du XIVe siècle. Paris: Picard, 1953. pp. 989-99, pl. XI, fig. 16.

Gauthier, Marie-Madeleine. "Le goût Plantagenet." In Stil und Überlieferung in der Kunst des Abendlandes: Volume 1, Epochen europäischer Kunst. International Congress of the History of Art, Vol. 21. Berlin: Gebr. Mann, 1967. p. 148 n. 27.

Souchal, Geneviève. "Autour des plaques de Grandmont: Une famille d'émaux limousins champlevés de la fin du XIIe siècle." Bulletin Monumental 125, no. 1 (1967). no. VI, pp. 34–36, 56, fig. 8.

Hoffmann, Konrad, ed. The Year 1200: A Centennial Exhibition at The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Vol. 1. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1970. no. 156, p. 151.

Gauthier, Marie-Madeleine. Émaux du Moyen Âge Occidental. Fribourg: Office du Livre, 1972. no. 51, pp. 99, 331, ill. p. 97.

Gauthier, Marie-Madeleine. Émaux Méridionaux: Catalogue International de l'Oeuvre de Limoges; L'Époque Romane. Corpus des émaux méridionaux, Vol. I. Paris: Éditions du centre national de la recherche scientifique, 1987. no. 245, p. 203-04, pl. CCXVII, ill. 721 (color.

Pushkin Museum and State Hermitage Museum. Dekorativno-prikladnoe iskusstvo ot pozdneĭ antichnosti do pozdneĭ gotiki: Iz sobraniĭ muze︠i︡a Metropoliten, Nʹ︠i︡u Ĭork i Khudozhestvennogo Instituta, Chikago. Moscow: Pushkin Museum, 1990. no. 20, p. 10.

State Hermitage Museum. Dekorativno-prikladnoe iskusstvo ot pozdneĭ antichnosti do pozdneĭ gotiki. St. Petersburg: State Hermitage Museum, 1990. no. 20, pp. 8, 48-49.

Taburet-Delahaye, Elisabeth, and Barbara Drake Boehm, ed. L'Oeuvre de Limoges: Emaux limousins du Moyen Age. Paris: Réunion des Musées Nationaux, 1995. no. 62, pp. 232-233.

Boehm, Barbara Drake, and Elisabeth Taburet-Delahaye, ed. Enamels of Limoges, 1100-1350. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1996. no. 62, pp. 232-233.

Evans, Helen C., and William D. Wixom, ed. The Glory of Byzantium: Art and Culture of the Middle Byzantine Era, A.D. 843–1261. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1997. no. 293, pp. 455-6.

Gaborit-Chopin, Danielle. Ivoires Médiévaux, Ve-XVe siècle. Paris: Musée du Louvre, 2003. p. 343.



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