Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object
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Chasse with the Crucifixion and Christ in Majesty

Date:
ca. 1180–90
Geography:
Made in Limoges, France
Culture:
French
Medium:
Copper: engraved, chiseled, stippled, and gilt; champlevé enamel: dark, medium, and light blue; turquoise, dark and light green, yellow, red, and white; wood core, painted red on exterior
Dimensions:
Overall: 10 5/16 x 11 7/8 x 4 9/16 in. (26.2 x 30.2 x 11.6 cm)
Classification:
Enamels-Champlevé
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917
Accession Number:
17.190.514
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 304
Shimmering with gold and jewel-like color, enameled altar furnishings from Limoges are luxurious in appearance, yet remarkably sturdy. The unlikely combination of preciousness and practicality contributed to the international renown of Limoges enameling from the twelfth to the fourteenth century.

The side plaque with a cross is a replacement. The original, which would have covered a hinged, lockable door, undoubtedly represented Saint Peter.
Inscription: Inscribed: (on the cross): IH[ESU]S / XPS (Christus).
William Beckford, Fonthill Abbey, Wiltshire (sold 1822, to Farquhar with Abbey); Countess Anne of Newburgh(died 1861); Fonthill Abbey sale, Phillips, Fonthill (September 9–October 27, 1823, Day 30, no. 1263); Hon. Robert Curzon, M.P.(died 1863); Robert Curzon(1863-73), Parham, Sussex, England; Robert Nathaniel Curzon, 15th Baron Zouche(1873-1911); Georges Hoentschel (French, Paris 1855–1915 Paris)(by 1911); Jacques SeligmannParis and New York (in January 1912); J. Pierpont Morgan, London and New York (1912-17)
A Catalogue of Magnificent Effects at Fonthill Abbey, Wilts. Fonthill: Christie's, October 1–10, 1822. no. 58, p. 85, Day 9 [sale not held].

Rutter, John. A Description of Fonthill Abbey and Demesne, in the County of Wilts. 3rd ed. Shaftesbury: John Rutter, 1822. p. 61.

Britton, John. Graphical and Literary Illustrations of Fonthill Abbey, Wiltshire, with Heraldical and Genealogical Notes of the Beckford Family. London: s.n., 1823. p. 55, pl. IX (visible at left) [frontispiece ill. shows a different chasse, misidentified in text as this object].

The Valuable Library of Books in Fonthill Abbey: A Catalogue of the Magnificent, Rare and Valuable Library, of 20,000 Volumes [...]. Fonthill: Phillips, September 9–October 29, 1823. no. 1263, p. 200, Day 30.

Rutter, John. Delineations of Fonthill and its Abbey. Shaftesbury: John Rutter, 1823. p. 51, ill. vignette on p. 7.

"Proceedings at the Annual Meeting of the Archaeological Institute at Chichesters, July, 1853." In Report of the Transactions at the Annual Meeting Held at Chichester, July 12th to 19th, 1853; with a General Notice of Memoirs Communicated to the Sections, and a Detailed Catalogue of Antiquities and Works of Art Exhibited in the Temporary Museum. London: The Royal Archaeological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, 1856. pp. 30–31.

"Catalogue of Antiquities exhibited in the Museum formed during the Annual Meeting of the Archaeological Institute at Chichester, in July, 1853." In Report of the Transactions at the Annual Meeting Held at Chichester, July 12th to 19th, 1853; with a General Notice of Memoirs Communicated to the Sections, and a Detailed Catalogue of Antiquities and Works of Art Exhibited in the Temporary Museum. London: The Royal Archaeological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, 1856. pp. 74–75.

Robinson, J. C., ed. Catalogue of the Special Exhibition of Works of Art of the Mediaeval, Renaissance and more recent periods, on loan at the South Kensington Museum, June 1862. London: South Kensington Museum, 1862. no. 1070, p. 69.

Robinson, J. C., ed. Catalogue of the Special Exhibition of Works of Art of the Mediaeval, Renaissance and more recent periods, on loan at the South Kensington Museum, June 1862. Revised ed. London: South Kensington Museum, 1863. no. 1070, p. 73.

Rupin, Ernest. L'Oeuvre de Limoges. Paris: Alphonse Picard et Fils, 1890. p. 422.

Catalogue of a Collection of European Enamels from the Earliest Date to the End of the XVII Century. London: Burlington Fine Arts Club, 1897. no. 32, pp. xii, 8, pl. X.

Marquet de Vasselot, Jean-Joseph. "Les émaux limousins à fond vermiculé (XIIe et XIIIe siècles)." Revue Archéologique, 4th ser., 6 (July–December 1905). pp. 232–33, 236–37, 425, pl. XV.

Cunynghame, Henry. European Enamels. London: Methuen & Co., 1906. ill. opp. p. 86.

Marquet de Vasselot, Jean-Joseph. Les émaux limousins à fond vermiculé (XIIe et XIIIe siècles). Paris: E. Leroux, 1906. pp. 21–22, pl. V [reprint of Marquet de Vasselot 1905].

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"London Letter." American Art News 9, no. 2 (October 22, 1910). p. 5.

"From the World's Scrap-Book." Illustrated London News 3731 (October 22, 1910). ill. p. 628.

"The Chasse of St. Louis, a Thirteenth Century Treasure That is Likely to Come Here." The New York Times (October 30, 1910). p. C2.

"Notes of the Month." The Antiquary 46, no. 11 (November 1910). p. 402.

Roger-Milès, Léon. "Le reliquaire de Saint Louis revient en France." Le Figaro, 3rd ser., 318 (November 14, 1910). pp. 1–2.

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Breck, Joseph, and Meyric R. Rogers. The Pierpont Morgan Wing: A Handbook. 2nd ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1929. p. 32, fig. 52, ill. p. 102.

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