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Ewer

Date:
ca. 1350–80 (ewer); ca. 1400 (mounts)
Culture:
German or Rhenish
Medium:
Jasper body, silver-gilt mounts
Dimensions:
Overall: 13 1/4 x 6 3/4 x 5 9/16 in. (33.7 x 17.1 x 14.1 cm) Foot : 2 3/4 x 5 1/2 in. (7 x 14 cm) handle thickness: 13/16 x 7/8 in. (2 x 2.2 cm)
Classification:
Lapidary Work-Jasper
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917
Accession Number:
17.190.610
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 306
A document from the 1500s tells of a search ordered by Emperor Charles IV (crowned at Rome 1355-died 1378) for semiprecious stones in the mountains northwest of Prague. A distinctive type of deep-red jasper, with large inclusions of amethyst and crystal, was found. Thousands of sheets of jasper still decorate the walls of Saint Vitus Cathedral and the chapels at Karlstejn castle built under the emperor's direction. Surviving from the same period are fewer than twenty jasper vessels made for the imperial court, among them this cup and ewer. The remains of the medieval mines are now a protected site within the Czech Republic.
J. Pierpont Morgan, London and New York (until 1917)
Otte, Heinrich. Handbuch der kirchlichen Kunst-Archäologie des Deutschen Mittelalters, edited by Ernst Wernicke. Vol. 1. 5th ed. Leipzig: T. O. Weigel, 1883. p. 252.

Breck, Joseph, and Meyric R. Rogers. The Pierpont Morgan Wing: A Handbook. 1st ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1925. pp. 91, 128, fig. 73.

Breck, Joseph, and Meyric R. Rogers. The Pierpont Morgan Wing: A Handbook. 2nd ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1929. pp. 91, 128, fig. 73.

Kohlhaussen, Heinrich. "Gotisches Kunstgewerbe." In Geschichte des Kunstgewerbes aller Zeiten und Völker, edited by Helmuth Theodor Bossert. Vol. 5. Berlin: E. Wasmuth, 1932. p. 400, ill. p. 399.

Zaloziecky, Wladimir. "Das byzantinische Kunstgewerbe in der mittelalterlichen und spätmittelalterlichen Periode." In Geschichte des Kunstgewerbes aller Zeiten und Völker, edited by Helmuth Theodor Bossert. Vol. 5. Berlin: E. Wasmuth, 1932. pp. 399-400.

Schiedlausky, Günther. Essen und Trinken: Tafelsitten bis zum Ausgang des Mittelalters. Munich: Prestel-Verlag, 1956. fig. 15.

Wentzel, Hans. Das Byzantinische Erbe der Ottonischen Kaiser Hypothesen über den Brauschatz der Theophano 43 (1972). pp. 67-84, fig. 82.

Husband, Timothy B., and Jane Hayward, ed. The Secular Spirit: Life and Art at the End of the Middle Ages. New York: Dutton Publishing, 1975. no. 46, p. 47.

Fritz, Johann Michael. Goldschmiedekunst der Gotik in Mitteleuropa. Munich: C. H. Beck, 1982. p. 236, fig. 362.

Boehm, Barbara Drake, and Jiri Fajt, ed. Prague: The Crown of Bohemia, 1347–1437. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2005. no. 36a, pp. 166–70.

Fajt, Jiri, and Barbara Drake Boehm, ed. Karel IV., Císař Boží Milosti: Kultura a Umění za Vlády Posledních Lucemburků 1347–1437 (Charles IV, Emperor by the Grace of God: Culture and Art in the Reign of the Last of the Luxembourgs 1347–1437). Prague: Prague Castle Administration, 2006. no. 4.7, pp. 38–39.

Fajt, Jiri, and Barbara Drake Boehm, ed. Karl IV., Kaiser von Gottes Gnaden: Kunst und Repräsentation des Hauses Luxemburg 1310-1437. Munich: Deutscher Kunstverlag, 2006. no. 93a, pp. 256–58, (acc. no. misidentified as 17.190.160).

Giusti, Annamaria, ed. Art of the Royal Court: Treasures in Pietre Dure from the Palaces of Europe. New York, New Haven and London: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2008. no. 6, p. 110.



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