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Medallion with Saint Matthew from an Icon Frame

Date:
ca. 1100
Geography:
Made in Constantinople
Culture:
Byzantine
Medium:
Gold, silver, and enamel worked in cloisonné
Dimensions:
Diam: 3 1/4 in. (8.3 cm) Mount: 20 1/2 x 15 x 7/8 in. (52.1 x 38.1 x 2.2 cm)
Classification:
Enamels-Cloisonné
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917
Accession Number:
17.190.672
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 303
These nine medallions are from a group of twelve that once surrounded an icon of the archangel Gabriel. The medallions may have been sent as a gift from the Byzantine court to the neighboring Christian state of Georgia. The three medallions across the top form a Deesis, with Christ between the Virgin and Saint John the Forerunner (the Baptist). Below is the hierarchy of the Church: apostles (Saints Peter and Paul), evangelists (Saints Matthew and Luke), theologians (Saint John the Theologian), and, across the base, military saints (Saint George).
Inscription: Inscribed: In Greek, on each medallion, an identification of the figure represented: Jesus Christ, Mother of God, John the Precursor, Saint Peter, Saint Paul, Saint Matthew, Saint Luke, Saint John the Theologian, and Saint George.
Djumati Monastery, Georgia ; Alex W. von Zvenigorodskii (1837–1903), Russia; J. Pierpont Morgan, London and New York (until 1917)
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