Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Book Cover Plaque with Christ in Majesty

Date:
ca. 1185–1210
Geography:
Made in Limoges, France
Culture:
French
Medium:
Copper (plaque): engraved, scraped, stippled, and gilt; (appliqués): repoussé, engraved, chased, and gilt; champlevé enamel: blue-black, dark, medium, and light blue; green, yellow, red, brownish red, and white, blue-black glass inset eyes.
Dimensions:
Overall: 10 3/4 x 5 9/16 x 11/16 in. (27.3 x 14.2 x 1.7 cm)
Classification:
Enamels-Champlevé
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917
Accession Number:
17.190.757
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 304
The earliest known textual reference to the famous enamels produced in the city of Limoges during the twelfth through the fourteenth century concerns a book cover seen in the Abbey of Saint Victor in Paris in the 1160s and intended for an English abbot. Plaques showing Christ in Majesty surrounded by symbols of the evangelists, usually paired with a plaque showing the Crucifixion, were produced in large numbers by Limoges enamelers. The textures and patterns created through the engraving and stippling of the five appliqué figures make this a particularly noteworthy example.
Inscription: Inscription: A/w (Alpha/omega).
Georges Hoentschel (French, Paris 1855–1915 Paris); Jacques Seligmann, Paris and New York (Paris, January 1912); J. Pierpont Morgan, London and New York (until 1917)
Pératé, André. Collections Georges Hoentschel: Émaux du XIIe au XVe siècle. Paris: Librairie Centrale des Beaux-Arts, 1911. no. 56, fig. XXXIII.

Hildburgh, Walter L. Dr. Medieval Spanish Enamels and Their Relation to the Origin and the Development of Copper Champlevé Enamels of the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries. London: Oxford University Press, 1936. p. 119, fig. 30, pl. XXIV.

Marquet de Vasselot, Jean-Joseph. Les Crosses limousines du XIIIe siècle. Paris: Firmin-Didot, 1941. p. 144.

Taburet-Delahaye, Elisabeth, and Barbara Drake Boehm, ed. L'Oeuvre de Limoges: Emaux limousins du Moyen Age. Paris: Réunion des Musées Nationaux, 1995. no. 48, pp. 182-183.

Boehm, Barbara Drake, and Elisabeth Taburet-Delahaye, ed. Enamels of Limoges, 1100-1350. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1996. no. 48, pp. 182-183.

Martín Ansón, María Luisa. "Los Esmaltes Silenses: Problemática Sobre su Origen." In De Limoges a Silos, edited by Joaquín Yarza Luaces. Madrid: Sociedad Estatal para la Acción Cultural Exterior, 2001. p. 262.

Boehm, Barbara Drake. "'Magníficamente Trabajado y Excelente': el Gusto por la Obra de Limoges en la Europa Medieval." In De Limoges a Silos, edited by Joaquín Yarza Luaces. Madrid: Sociedad Estatal para la Acción Cultural Exterior, 2001. pp. 28-29, fig. 10.

Luaces, Joaquín Yarza, ed. De Limoges a Silos. Madrid: Sociedad Estatal para la Acción Cultural Exterior, 2001. p. 174.



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