Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object
{{img.publicCaption}}

Reliquary

Date:
ca. 1175–1200 (rock crystal); early 19th century (setting)
Geography:
Made in France (?)
Culture:
French (?)
Medium:
Gilded copper, rock crystal, glass, and parchment
Dimensions:
Overall: 13 7/8 x 12 5/8 x 6 1/4 in. (35.2 x 32.1 x 15.8 cm) Rock Crystal: 3 1/16 x 8 11/16 x 3 1/16 in. (7.8 x 22 x 7.8 cm)
Classification:
Metalwork-Copper
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917
Accession Number:
17.190.813
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 306
The core of this opulent reliquary contains a large late twelfth-century rock crystal with engraved vine scroll patterns from the Meuse Valley (present-day Belgium). It was said to have once held relics of Saints Margaret, Philip the Apostle, and Catherine as well as of Bishop Valerius. The present neo-Gothic setting may reflect the original reliquary form.
comte Clément Wenceslas de Renesse-Breidbach (d. 1833), Belgium (sold 1836); Louis-Fidel Debruge-Duménil, Paris (sold 1849); Prince Peter Soltykoff, Paris (1849–sold 1861); Baron Achille Sellière, Paris (1861–sold 1890); Baron Albert Oppenheim, Cologne(1890–1906?); J. Pierpont Morgan, London and New York (1906–1913); Estate of J. Pierpont Morgan(1913–1917)
Labarte, Jules. Description des objets d'art qui composent la collection Debruge-Duménil. Paris: Librairie archéologique de Victor Didron, 1847. no. 953, pp. 645–46.

Catalogue des objets d'art qui composent la collection Debruge-Duménil. Paris: Bonnefons de Lavialle, January 23–March 12, 1850. no. 953, pp. 108–9.

Darcel, Alfred. "Exposition Universelle de 1878: Le Moyen Âge et la Renaissance au Trocadéro (part 2)." Gazette des Beaux-Arts, 2nd ser., 18, no. 4 (April 1878). p. 543, ill. p. 547.

Darcel, Alfred. L'Art Ancien à l'Exposition de 1878, edited by Louis Gonse. Paris: A. Quantin, 1879. p. 233, ill. p. 231.

Molinier, Émile. Collection du Baron Albert Oppenheim: Tableaux et objets d'art, catalogue précédé d'une introduction. Paris: Librairie Centrale des Beaux-Arts, 1904. no. 134, p. 57, pl. LXXII.

The New York Times. "Mr. Morgan's Old Carvings." The New York Times (November 18, 1906). p. X4, ill. pictorial supplement "The Oppenheim-Morgan Collection".

Williamson, G.C. Catalogue of the Collections of Jewels and Precious Works of Art: The Property of J. Pierpont Morgan. Deluxe ed. London: Chiswick Press, 1910. no. 71, pp. 105–6, pl. LI.

Breck, Joseph, and Meyric R. Rogers. The Pierpont Morgan Wing: A Handbook. 1st ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1925. pp. 91, 103, fig. 57.

Breck, Joseph, and Meyric R. Rogers. The Pierpont Morgan Wing: A Handbook. 2nd ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1929. pp. 91, 103, fig. 57.

Kohlhaussen, Heinrich. "Gotisches Kunstgewerbe." In Geschichte des Kunstgewerbes aller Zeiten und Völker, edited by Helmuth Theodor Bossert. Vol. 5. Berlin: E. Wasmuth, 1932. p. 372, ill. p. 371.

Braun, Joseph. Die Reliquiare des christlichen Kultes und ihre Entwicklung. Freiburg im Breisgau: Verlag Herder, 1940. pp. 107, 217-19, pl. 3, fig. 10.

Bucher, François C. "Micro-Architecture as the 'Idea' of Gothic Theory and Style." Gesta 15, no. 1/2 (1976). pp. 72, 82, pl. 6a.

Ryser, Frieder, and Brigitte Salmen. 'Amalierte Stuck uff Glas / Hinder Glas gemalte Historien und Gemäld': Hinterglaskunst von der Antike bis zur Neuzeit. Murnau am Staffelsee: Schlossmuseum Murnau, 1995. p. 41.

Hall-Duncan, Nancy. "The Art of Deception." In Fakes and Forgeries: The Art of Deception, edited by Peter C. Sutton, Nancy Hall-Duncan, Abigail D. Newman, and James Martin. Wilmington: Bruce Museum, 2007. no. 10, p. 30.

Sutton, Peter C., Nancy Hall-Duncan, Abigail D. Newman, and James Martin, ed. Fakes and Forgeries: The Art of Deception. Wilmington: Bruce Museum, 2007. no. 10, pp. 54-55.



Related Objects

Reliquary Bust of Saint Yrieix

Date: ca. 1220–40, with later grill Medium: Silver and gilded silver with rock crystal, gems, and glass Accession: 17.190.352a, b On view in:Gallery 304

Chasse of Champagnat

Date: ca. 1150 Medium: Copper: engraved and gilt; champlevé enamel: blue-black, medium blue, turquoise, green, red, and white Accession: 17.190.685–87, .695, .710–.711 On view in:Gallery 304

Chasse with the Crucifixion and Christ in Majesty

Date: ca. 1180–90 Medium: Copper: engraved, chiseled, stippled, and gilt; champlevé enamel: dark, medium, and light blue; turquoise, dark and light green, yellow, red, and white; wood core, painted red on exterior Accession: 17.190.514 On view in:Gallery 304

Tabernacle of Cherves

Date: ca. 1220–1230 Medium: Copper (plaques): engraved, scraped, stippled, and gilt; (appliqués): repoussé, chased, engraved, scraped, and gilt; champlevé enamel: medium blue, turquoise, medium green, yellow, red, and white, modern wood mount Accession: 17.190.735 On view in:Gallery 304

Chasse with the Life of Christ

Date: ca. 1235–45 Medium: Copper (plaques): engraved, stamped, and gilt; (appliqués): repossé, engraved, chased, scraped, and gilt; champlevé enamel: dark and medium blue, turquoise, light green, red, and white; glass cabochons; wood core. Accession: 1974.228.1 On view in:Gallery 304