Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object
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Mount for Spear Shaft

Date:
ca. 400
Geography:
Made in Gaul
Culture:
Late Roman
Medium:
Silver-gilt, niello
Dimensions:
Overall: 4 13/16 x 1 1/16 in., 1.4oz. (12.2 x 2.7 cm, 41g)
Classification:
Metalwork-Silver
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917
Accession Number:
17.192.145
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 301
This object comes from the Vermand Treasure, the most richly appointed barbarian-warrior grave ever found. The grave was likely that of an auxiliary soldier stationed in the Roman province of Gaul. It also contained a shield, parts of which of which are on view in the Arms and Armor Galleries. The six-pointed interlaced star, so prominent on this mount, was not at this time a Jewish symbol; it appears as a decorative motif in both Roman and Germanic art.
Found in Vermand, northern France.; Albert Jumel, Amiens; Stanislas Baron, Paris; J. Pierpont Morgan, London and New York (until 1917)
Eck, Théophile. "Le Cimetière Gallo-Romain de Vermand (Aisne)." Bulletin archéologique du Comité des travaux historiques et scientifiques (1887). pp. 184–201.

Eck, Theophile. "Le Cimetière gallo-romain de Vermand (Aisne)." Bulletin Archeologique du Comite des traveaux historiques (1887). pp. 184-201, p.186, pp. 184-201 (describes site and excavation; gives inventory of objects found), p.186 (says tombs date from end of the IV century; burials stop in 407, and last medallions are those of Honorius; says absence of soldier graves indicates a civil cemetery).

Jumel Albert, and Jules Pilloy. "Le tombeau militaire de Vermand." Bulletin Archeologique du Comite des traveaux historiques 5 (1887). pp. 213–23, pl. I.

Eck, Theophile, J Pilloy, and A Jumel. "Le tombeau militaire de Vermand." Bulletin Archeologique du Comite des traveaux historiques (1887). p. 215, pp. 216-221, p. 215 (follows Eck in dating and description of find), pp. 216-221 (discusses MMA pieces), pl. I at back of volume (ill. MMA pieces).

Pilloy, J. "Coup d'oeil general sur les decouvertes d'antiquites prehistoriques, gauloises, romaines, merovingiennes et carlovingiennes faites dans le department de l'Aisne depuis 1858." In Congres archeologique de France. France, 1887. pp. 135-140, pp. 135-140 (describes findings at Vermand and dates them; pp. 136-138 (describes our pieces).

Pilloy, Jules. "Coup d'oeil général sur les découvertes d'Antiquités Préhistoriques, Gauloises, Romaines, Mérovingiennes et Carlovingiennes, faites dans le département de l'Aisne depuis 1858." Congrès archéologique de France 54 (1888). pp. 135–40.

Eck, Theophile. Les deux cimetières gallo-romains de Vermand et de Saint-Quentin. Paris, 1891. pp. 21–23, 120–34, 252–58, pl. II.

Pilloy, J. "Le tombeau militaire de Vermand." In Etudes sur d'anciens lieux de sepultures dans l'Aisne. Vol. II. Paris, France, 1895. pp. 38-51, pp. 38-51 [Not in MMA, seen by W.H. Forsyth].

Pilloy, Jules. Études sur d'anciens lieux de sépulture dans l'Aisne. Vol. 2. Paris, 1895. pp. 38–51.

Boulanger, Claude. Le mobilier funéraire gallo-romain et franc en Picardie et en Artois. Paris, France, 1902–1905. p. xiv, pp. xxiv-xxv, pp. 45-50, p.50, pl. 19 (ill. objects found in military tomb), p. xiv, pp. xxiv-xxv, pp. 45-50, p.50.

Boulanger, Claude. Le Mobilier funeraire Gallo-Romain et Franc en Picardie et en Artois. Paris: Charles Foulard, 1902–1905. pp. xiv, xxiv–xxv, 45–50, pl. 19.

Ricci, Seymour de. Catalogue of a Collection of Merovingian Antiquities Belonging to J. Pierpont Morgan. Paris: C. Berger, 1910. no. 145, pp. 28–31, pl. X, XI.

Breck, Joseph, and Meyric R. Rogers. The Pierpont Morgan Wing: A Handbook. 1st ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1925. p. 6, fig. 3a.

Breck, Joseph, and Meyric R. Rogers. The Pierpont Morgan Wing: A Handbook. 2nd ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1929. p. 6, fig. 3a.

Leeds, E. T. Early Anglo-Saxon Art and Archaeology. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1936. pp. 4–5.

Leeds, E.T. Early Anglo-Saxon Art and Archaeology. Oxford, UK, 1936. pp. 4, 5, 11, pp. 4,5,11 (gives comparative study of decorative motives).

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Mediaeval Jewelry: A Picture Book. New York: Museum Press Limited, 1940. pl. 8.

Salin, Eduard, and Albert France-Lanord. Le fer a l'epoque merovingienne. Rhin et orient. Paris: Librairie Orientaliste Paul Geuthner, 1943. pp. 99–101, 195.

Salin, Eduard, and Albert France-Lanord. "Étude Technique et Archéologique." In Le Fer à l'Époque Mérovingienne. Rhin et orient. Paris, France, 1943. pp. 99-101,122,195, pp. 99-101,122,195 (discusses umbo, figs 12a, 12b).

Salin, Edouard, and Albert France-Lanord. "Le mobilier funéraire de La Bussière-Étable près Châteauponsac (Haute-Vienne)." Comptes rendus des séances de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres 93, no. 2 (1949). p. 159.

Forsyth, William Holmes. "Provincial Roman Enamels Recently Acquired by the MMA." The Art Bulletin 32 (1950). p. 306, p. 306 (compares double celtic trumpet pattern on La Guierche vase [MMA 47.100.5] to that on rectangular plaque [17.192.145]).

Forsyth, W. H. "Provincial Roman enamels recently acquired by the M.M.A." The Art Bulletin 32, no. 4 (December 1950). p. 306, fig. 15.

Werner, Joachim. "Zur Entstehung der Reihengräberzivilisation." Archaeologia Geographica (1950). pp. 23-32, pp. 23-32 (cites IV century graves of Frankish military leaders in north Gaul as leading to development of Merovingian "Reihengräber"; cities Veramnd find as probably that of a Praefecti laetorum mentioned in the Notitia dignatatum...(See object card).

Werner, Joachim. "Zur Entstehung der Reihengräberzivilisation: ein Beitrag zur Methode der frühgeschichtlichen Archäologie." Archaeologia geographica I (April 1950). pp. 23–32.

Forsyth, W. H. "The Vermand Treasure." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 9, no. 9 (May 1951). pp. 236–40, ill.

Forsyth, William Holmes. "The Vermand Treasure." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin N.S 9 (1951). pp. 236-240, pp. 236-240 (gives history and description of treasure).

Holmqvist, Wilhelm. Tauschierte Metallarbeiten des Nordens: aus Römerzeit und Völkerwanderung. Stockholm: Wahlström & Widstrand, 1951. p. 23.

Behrens, Gustav. "Das rückblickende Tier in der vor und frühgeschichtlichen Kunst Mitteleuropas." In Festschrift des Römisch-germanischen Zentralmuseums in Mainz zur Feier seines hundertjährigen Bestehens, edited by Hans Klumbach. Vol. 1. Mainz: Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum, 1952. p. 37, fig. 18.

Rorimer, James J., and William Holmes Forsyth. "The Medieval Galleries." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 12, no. 6 (February 1954). p. 122, ill. p. 124.

Rorimer, James J., and William Holmes Forsyth. "The Medieval Galleries." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 12 (1954). p. 124, p.124, second from right (ill.).

Holmqvist, Wilhelm. Germanic Art during the First Millenium A.D.. Kungl. Vitterhets, historie och antikvitets akademien. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell International, 1955. pp. 14–15, fig. 3, 4, pl. II.

Lafaurie, Jean. "Trésors de Chécy." In Trésors monétaires et plaques-boucies de la Gaule romaine: Bavai, Montbouy, Chécy. Supplément à Gallia, Vol. XIIe. Paris: Centre national de la recherche scientifique, 1958. fig. L, pl. IX.

Lafaurie, Jean. "Trésors de Chécy." In Trésors monétaires et plaques-boucles de la Gaule romaine: Bavai, Montbouy, Chécy. Vol. XIIe. Paris, France: Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 1958. IX, pl. IX, L (ill. our large mount, 17.192.145). [Not in MMA, seen by W. H. Forsyth].

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Guide to the Collections: Medieval Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1962. fig. 19.

Evison, Vera I. The Fifth Century Invasions South of the Thames. London: University of London, 1965. pp. 11–12.

Hoving, Thomas. "The Thread of Patronage: The Medieval Collections of The Metropolitan Museum of Art and The Cloisters." Apollo 82, no. 43 (September 1965). p. 188, fig. 10.

Hachmann, Rolf. Die Germanen. Archaeologia Mundi, Vol. 5. Munich: Wilhelm Heyne, 1971. no. 101, 102, p. 195, ill.

Beeson, Nora B., ed. Guide to The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1972. no. 10, p. 211, fig. 10.

Böhme, Horst Wolfgang. Germanische Grabfunde des 4 bis 5 Jahrhunderts zwischen unterer Elbe und Loire: Volume 1, Text. Beck, 1974. pp. 330–31.

Germanische Grabfunde des 4 bis 5 Jahrhunderts zwischen unterer Elbe und Loire, Vol. 2: Plates. Beck, 1974. pl. 137.

Brown, Katharine R. Guide to Provincial Roman and Barbarian Metalwork and Jewelry in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1981. pp. 5-6, fig. 5.

Gallien in der Spätantike: Von Kaiser Constantin zu Frankenkönig Childerich. Mainz: Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum, 1981. no. 271, pp. 173–76.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide, edited by Kathleen Howard. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1983. no. 3, p. 338, acc. number incorrectly given as 17.190.143-145.

Coquelle, J. La Memoire de Vermand, edited by Dalmanio. Alencon (Orne), 1985. pp. 67-75, pp. 72-73, pp. 67-75 (17.192.141 and .143-146 are illustrated on pp. 72 and 73.).

Coquelle, J. La mémoire de Vermand. Vol. 1. Amiens: Dalmanio, 1985. pp. 67–75, ill. p. 72.

Schorsch, D., Claude Blair, and Helmut Nickel. "The Vermand Treasure: A Testimony to the Presence of Sarmatians in the Western Roman Empire." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Journal 21 (1986). pp. 17-40.

Schorsch, Deborah. "The Vermand Treasure: A Testimony to the Presence of the Sarmatians in the Western Roman Empire." Metropolitan Museum Journal 21 (1986). pp. 17-40, fig. 7-10.

Husband, Timothy B., and Charles T. Little. Europe in the Middle Ages. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1987. no. 12, p. 26.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide, edited by Kathleen Howard. 2nd ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1994. no. 3, p. 372, acc. number incorrectly given as 17.190.143-145.

Brown, Katharine R. Migration Art, A.D. 300-800. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1995. no. 14, p. 21.

Brown, Katharine R., Dafydd Kidd, and Charles T. Little, ed. From Attila to Charlemagne: Arts of the Early Medieval Period in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York and New Haven: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000. p. 79, 351, fig. 3b, 8.4.

Eisenberg, Jerome M. "The New Byzantine Galleries at the Metropolitan Museum of Art." Minerva 12, no. 3 (2001). pp. 24-26, fig. 9.

Evans, Helen C., Melanie Holcomb, and Robert Hallman. "The Arts of Byzantium." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 58, no. 4 (Spring 2001). p. 30.

Norris, Michael. Medieval Art: A Resource for Educators. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2005. no. 2, pp. 32-34.



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