Pins were used to secure a veil or to hold a hairstyle in place. Most were made simply of copper alloy, sometimes tinned to look like silver, but some were elaborate objects, showcasing an array of metalsmithing techniques.
Stanislas Baron, Paris; J. Pierpont Morgan, London and New York (until 1917)
Ricci, Seymour de. Catalogue of a Collection of Merovingian Antiquities Belonging to J. Pierpont Morgan. Paris: C. Berger, 1910. no. 244, p. 47, pl. XIX.
Brown, Katharine R., Dafydd Kidd, and Charles T. Little, ed. From Attila to Charlemagne: Arts of the Early Medieval Period in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York and New Haven: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000. p. 261, 353, fig. 21.53.