Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

Elder of the Apocalypse

Date:
ca. 1100
Geography:
Made in Conques, France
Culture:
French
Medium:
Copper: gilt; champlevé & cloisonné enamel: black, medium and lavender blue, turquoise, almond green, white and pinkish white
Dimensions:
Overall: 3 1/16 x 1/8 in. (7.7 x 0.3 cm)
Classification:
Enamels-Champlevé & Cloisonné
Credit Line:
Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Ronald S. Lauder, 1983
Accession Number:
1983.38
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 304
This figure can be identified as one of twenty-four elders who surround God’s throne in the Apocalypse (Book of Revelation). The text specifies that they hold harps, but medieval images portray them with a variety of musical instruments, here a viol. Elders never appear as single figures, so this roundel must have been part of a larger, imposing work of art, perhaps an altar, created for the abbey of Conques under Abbot Bégon III (r. 1087–1107).
Victor Gay, Paris (from at least 1908–sold 1909); Alphonse Kann, Paris (after 1909–1940); seized by the Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg(in October 1940) [ERR inv. no. Ka 144]; held at the Munich Collecting Point[MCCP inv. no. 15/13]; returned to France (July 31, 1946); restituted by Commission de Récupération Artistique to Alphonse Kann, London (July 11, 1947); [ John Hunt, Dublin (1959)]; Ronald S. Lauder, New York (until 1983)
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Notable Acquisitions, 1982-1983 (Metropolitan Museum of Art) (1983). p. 17.

Parker, Elizabeth C. "Recent Major Acquisitions of Medieval Art by American Museums." Gesta 23, no. 1 (1984). p. 69, fig. 4.

Swarzenski, Hanns, and Nancy Netzer. Enamels & Glass: Catalogue of Medieval Objects. Catalogue of Medieval Objects in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1986. pp. 34-35.

Gauthier, Marie-Madeleine. Émaux Méridionaux: Catalogue International de l'Oeuvre de Limoges; L'Époque Romane. Corpus des émaux méridionaux, Vol. I. Paris: Éditions du centre national de la recherche scientifique, 1987. no. 24, p. 54, ill. 71, pl. x.

Taburet-Delahaye, Elisabeth, and Barbara Drake Boehm, ed. L'Oeuvre de Limoges: Emaux limousins du Moyen Age. Paris: Réunion des Musées Nationaux, 1995. no. 4, p. 74.

Boehm, Barbara Drake, and Elisabeth Taburet-Delahaye, ed. Enamels of Limoges, 1100-1350. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1996. no. 4, p. 74.

Wixom, William D., ed. Mirror of the Medieval World. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1999. no. 73, p. 60.

Taburet-Delahaye, Elisabeth. "Los Inicios de los Esmaltes en Aquitania." In De Limoges a Silos, edited by Joaquín Yarza Luaces. Madrid: Sociedad Estatal para la Acción Cultural Exterior, 2001. pp. 40-41.



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