The design of this torque is deceptive. It appears to be wrapped with a wide, flat wire that changes direction six times. In fact, the complex pattern has been cut into the metal. Although it is not known where this object was found, torques such as this have been discovered in peat bogs where it is thought that they were cast as offerings to a god or goddess or as symbols of thanksgiving.
[ K. J. Hewett Ltd., London (sold 1982)]; [ Ward & Company Works of Art, New York (sold 1987)]
Montelius, Oscar. Les temps préhistoriques en Suède et dans les autres pays scandinaves. Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1895. fig. I, pl. XII, fig. I.
Montelius, Oscar. A Guide to the National Historical Museum, Stockholm. Stockholm: Royal Academy of Literature, History, and Antiquities, 1912. pp. 9.
Klindt-Jensen, Ole. Denmark Before the Vikings. Ancient Peoples and Places: Books that Matter, Vol. 4. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1957. p. 38.
Powell, T.G.E. Prehistoric Art. Praeger world of art series. New York: Praeger, 1966. p. 164, fig. 161.
Sandars, N. K. Prehistoric Art in Europe. Pelican History of Art. Baltimore, MD: Penguin Books, 1968. p. 163.
Foltiny, Stephen. "Ein Slowakischer Bronzediadem im Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York." Zbornik Filozofickej Fakulty 14/15 (1973). pp. 89.
Origins of Design: Bronze Age and Celtic Masterworks. New York: Ward & Company Works of Art, 1987.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Recent Acquisitions, 1987-1988 (Metropolitan Museum of Art) (1988). p. 12.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "One Hundred Eighteenth Annual Report of the Trustees for the Fiscal Year July 1, 1987, through June 30, 1988." Annual Report of the Trustees of the Metropolitan Museum of Art 118 (1988). p. 33.
Wixom, William D., ed. Mirror of the Medieval World. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1999. no. 4, p. 13.