Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

Saint Paul

Artist:
Circle of Claus de Werve (Netherlandish, active in France, ca. 1380–1439, active Burgundy, 1396–ca. 1439)
Date:
ca. 1420–30
Geography:
Made in Poligny, Burgundy, France
Culture:
French
Medium:
Limestone with traces of paint
Dimensions:
Overall: 47 1/4 x 25 1/2 x 12 in. (120 x 64.8 x 30.5 cm)
Classification:
Sculpture-Stone
Credit Line:
Mrs. Stephen V. Harkness Fund, 1922
Accession Number:
22.31.1
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 305
According to medieval artistic conventions, Saint Paul is traditionally identified by his bald head and long beard, a sword, the instrument of his martyrdom, and a book, representing his writings. While working within a specified tradition, this Burgundian sculptor invested his carved Saint Paul with exceptional vitality and intelligence. Paul’s left knee pushes against the fabric of his robe, suggesting a relaxed, but attentive posture. His inclined head and furrowed brow project a sense of resolute determination and quiet solemnity. These qualities were especially important for a statue that presided over a private chapel, where the saint served as a heavenly advocate for the de Plaine family.
From the de Plaine family chapel in the monastic Church of the Jacobins (Dominicans), Poligny, Jura; Claude Antoine Dubois and heirs, Poligny; François Vuillermet, Poligny (until 1918-19); [ Georges J. Demotte (1877–1923), Paris and New York (1918-1922)]
Müller, Theodor. Sculpture in the Netherlands, Germany, France and Spain. Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1966. p. 50, pl. 56B.

Forsyth, William Holmes. "Three Fifteenth-Century Sculptures from Poligny." Metropolitan Museum Journal 22 (1987). pp. 71-91, fig. 1-6, 8.

Cleveland Museum of Art and Musée des Beaux-Arts de Dijon. L'art à la cour de Bourgogne: le mécénat de Philippe le Hardi et de Jean sans Peur (1364-1419), edited by Stephen Fliegel, and Sophie Jugie. Paris: Éditions de la Réunion des Musées Nationaux, 2004. pp. 270-272, fig. 2.

Cleveland Museum of Art and Musée des Beaux-Arts de Dijon. Art from the Court of Burgundy: The Patronage of Philip the Bold and John the Fearless 1364-1419, edited by Stephen Fliegel, and Sophie Jugie. Cleveland: Éditions de la Réunion des Musées Nationaux, 2004. pp. 270-272, fig. 2.

Wixom, William D. "Late Medieval Sculpture in the Metropolitan: 1400 to 1530." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 64, no. 4 (Spring 2007). p. 18.

Witt, Sabine. Die Skulpturen der Sluter-Nachfolge in Poligny: Stiftungen und Hofkunst in der Freigrafschaft Burgund unter den Herzögen aus dem Hause Valois. Korb: Didymos-Verlag, 2009. pp. 59-65, fig. 19, 20, 21, 22.



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