Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Saint Paul

Artist:
Circle of Claus de Werve (Netherlandish, active in France, ca. 1380–1439, active Burgundy, 1396–ca. 1439)
Date:
ca. 1420–30
Geography:
Made in Poligny, Burgundy, France
Culture:
French
Medium:
Limestone with traces of paint
Dimensions:
Overall: 47 1/4 x 25 1/2 x 12 in. (120 x 64.8 x 30.5 cm)
Classification:
Sculpture-Stone
Credit Line:
Mrs. Stephen V. Harkness Fund, 1922
Accession Number:
22.31.1
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 305
According to medieval artistic conventions, Saint Paul is traditionally identified by his bald head and long beard, a sword, the instrument of his martyrdom, and a book, representing his writings. While working within a specified tradition, this Burgundian sculptor invested his carved Saint Paul with exceptional vitality and intelligence. Paul’s left knee pushes against the fabric of his robe, suggesting a relaxed, but attentive posture. His inclined head and furrowed brow project a sense of resolute determination and quiet solemnity. These qualities were especially important for a statue that presided over a private chapel, where the saint served as a heavenly advocate for the de Plaine family.
From the de Plaine family chapel in the monastic Church of the Jacobins (Dominicans), Poligny, Jura; Claude Antoine Dubois and heirs, Poligny; François Vuillermet, Poligny (until 1918-19); [ Georges J. Demotte (1877–1923), Paris and New York (1918-1922)]
Breck, Joseph. "A Statue of the School of Claus Sluter." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 17, no. 4 (1922). pp. 79-83.

S. R. "Au Musée Métropolitain de New-York." Revue Archéologique, 5th ser., 17 (January-June 1923). p. 361.

Troescher, Georg. Claus Sluter und die burgundische Plastik um die Wende des XIV. Jahrhunderts. Vol. 1. Freiburg im Breisgau: Urban Verlag, 1932. pp. 80, 81, pls. XLV, XLVI:2.

Breck, Joseph. "A Late Gothic Sculpture." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 28, no. 4 (April 1933). p. 74.

Rorimer, James J. "A Statue of St. John the Baptist Possibly by Claus Sluter." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 29, no. 11, pt. 1 (November 1934). pp. 192, 194.

Rorimer, James J. "Une statue bourguignonne du XVe siècle au Metropolitan Museum de New-York." Bulletin Monumental 97, no. 1 (1938). p. 16.

Troescher, Georg. Die burgundische Plastik des ausgehenden Mittelalters und ihre Wirkungen auf die europäische Kunst. Frankfurt: Prestel-Verlag, 1940. pp. 117, 188, n. 399.

Valentiner, Wilhelm R. Studies of Italian Renaissance Sculpture. New York: Phaidon Press, 1950. p. 26-27, fig. 22.

Rorimer, James J. "Late Medieval Sculpture from the Byways of Burgundy." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 9, no. 7 (March 1951). p. 183.

Müller, Theodor. Sculpture in the Netherlands, Germany, France and Spain. Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1966. p. 50, pl. 56B.

Art sacré dans le Jura du Moyen âge au XVIIIe sìecle : Poligny, Baume-les-Messieurs, Saint-Claude: Exposition juin-septembre 1972. Poligny: Conservation Départementale des Antiquités et Oeuvres d'Art du Jura, 1972. p. 56.

Boccador, Jacqueline. Statuaire medievale en France de 1400 à 1530. Vol. 1. Zoug: Les Clefs du Temps, 1974. pp. 178-81, 187-90, 219, fig. 214.

Quarré, Pierre. "Les statues de Claus de Werve en Franche-Comté." In Actes du 99e congrès national des sociétés savantes. Paris: Bibliothèque Nationale de France, 1974. p. 125.

Marks, Richard. "Sculpture in the Duchy and County of Burgundy, c. 1300-1500." The Connoisseur 194 (March 1977). p. 61, fig. 11.

Oursel, Hervé. "Proposal for the Dating of Two 15th-Century Burgundian Virgin and Child Sculptures." Bulletin of the Detroit Institute of Arts 55, no. 4 (1977). p. 191, fig. 2.

De Winter, Patrick M. "Art from the Duchy of Burgundy." The Bulletin of the Cleveland Museum of Art 74, no. 10 (December 1987). p. 448, n. 21.

Forsyth, William Holmes. "Three Fifteenth-Century Sculptures from Poligny." Metropolitan Museum Journal 22 (1987). pp. 71-91, fig. 1-6, 8.

Salet, Francis. "Sculpteurs bourguignons." Bulletin Monumental 145, no. 1 (1987). p. 123.

Camp, Pierre. Les imageurs bourguignons de la fin du Moyen Âge (1990). p. 136.

Cleveland Museum of Art and Musée des Beaux-Arts de Dijon. Art from the Court of Burgundy: The Patronage of Philip the Bold and John the Fearless 1364-1419, edited by Stephen Fliegel, and Sophie Jugie. Cleveland: Cleveland Museum of Art, 2004. pp. 270-272, fig. 2.

Cleveland Museum of Art and Musée des Beaux-Arts de Dijon. L'art à la cour de Bourgogne: le mécénat de Philippe le Hardi et de Jean sans Peur (1364-1419), edited by Stephen Fliegel, and Sophie Jugie. Paris: Éditions de la Réunion des Musées Nationaux, 2004. pp. 270-272, fig. 2.

La sculpture du XVe siècle en Franche-Comté de Jean sans Peur à Marguerite d'Autriche (1404-1530). Jura Départment: Édition des Amis des Musées du Jura, 2007. no. 13, pp. 62-65, fig. 19.

Wixom, William D. "Late Medieval Sculpture in the Metropolitan: 1400 to 1530." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 64, no. 4 (Spring 2007). p. 18.

Witt, Sabine. Die Skulpturen der Sluter-Nachfolge in Poligny: Stiftungen und Hofkunst in der Freigrafschaft Burgund unter den Herzögen aus dem Hause Valois. Korb: Didymos-Verlag, 2009. pp. 59-65, fig. 19, 20, 21, 22.



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