The marble used to carve this capital comes from the island of Naxos in Greece, bearing witness to the strong trade connections between southern Italy and Greece. The delicacy of the carving and the extensive drill work are typical of Campania and southern Italy. In a playful note, the volutes at the four corners are transformed into rams’ heads.
Anne D. Thompson, New York (until 1923)
Gómez-Moreno, Carmen, ed. Medieval Images: A Glimpse into the Symbolism and Reality of the Middle Ages. Katonah: Katonah Museum of Art, 1978. no. 3, pp. 4, 17.
Boardman, Phillip C., Marcia Cohn Growdon, and Francis X. Hartigan, ed. Culture of the Middle Ages: A Festival of the Medieval Arts. Treasures of the Middle Ages. Reno, Nevada: Sierra Nevada Museum of Art, 1978. no. 44.
Castelnuovo-Tedesco, Lisbeth. "Romanesque Sculpture in North American Collections. XXIII. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Part III: Italy (2)." Gesta 24, no. 4 (1985). no. 7, pp. 161-62, fig. 10.
Castelnuovo-Tedesco, Lisbeth, and Jack Soultanian. Italian Medieval Sculpture in The Metropolitan Museum of Art and The Cloisters. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2010. no. 14, pp. 58–60.