Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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The Centurion and Two Soldiers, from a Crucifixion Group

Date:
ca. 1340–50
Geography:
Made in Meuse Valley, Netherlands
Culture:
Franco-Netherlandish
Medium:
Marble, gilding
Dimensions:
Overall: 26 7/16 x 8 7/8 x 4 1/4 in. (67.2 x 22.5 x 10.8 cm)
Classification:
Sculpture-Stone
Credit Line:
Gift of Archer M. Huntington, in memory of his father, Collis Potter Huntington, 1926
Accession Number:
26.101.7
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 305
Said to have come from the collegiate church of Notre-Dame at Huy in Belgium, these figures were probably part of a large sculptural retable behind the altar. They are stylistically related to the marble Virgin and Child, exhibited nearby, ordered in 1345 for the church of Saint Catherine at Diest, Belgium.
Private Collection, Huy; Charles Stein, Paris (?); John Edward Taylor, London (until 1912); his sale, Christie's, London(July 1–4, 9 &10, 1912, no. 195); [ Jacques Seligmann, Paris (in 1912)]; Arabella Duval Huntington, New York; Archer M. Huntington, New York (until 1926)
Destrée, Joseph. "Groupes en albâtre provenant de l'église collégiale de Huy." Bulletin de l'Institut Archéologique Liégeois 41 (1911). pp. 75-79, pl. 1.

Catalogue of the renowned collection of works of art, chiefly of the mediaeval and Renaissance times, Greek and Roman antiquities, French 18th century furniture and old Chinese porcelain, formed by the late John Edward Taylor. London: Christie, Manson & Woods, July 1–9, 1912. no. 195, p. 56, ill.

Destrée, Joseph. "A propos des deux groupes en albâtre provenant d'un retable de l'église collégiale de Huy." Chronique Archéologique du Pays de Liège 7, no. 7 (July 1912). pp. 85-86.

Breck, Joseph. "A Gift of Tapestries and Sculpture." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 21, no. 6 (June 1926). pp. 143-46.

Devigne, Marguerite. La sculpture mosane du XIIe au XVIe siècle, contribution à l'étude de l'art dans la région de la Meuse moyenne. Paris: G. van Oest, 1932. p. 58.

Arts of the Middle Ages: A Loan Exhibition, February 17 to March 24, 1940. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1940. no. 193, p. 59, pl. LVII.

The International Style: The Arts in Europe around 1400. Baltimore: Walters Art Gallery, 1962.

Müller, Theodor. Sculpture in the Netherlands, Germany, France and Spain. Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1966. p. 198, n. 17.

Forsyth, William Holmes. "A Group of Fourteenth-Century Mosan Sculptures." Metropolitan Museum Journal 1 (1968). pp. 45-59, fig. 6.

Ragghianti, Carlo L. "Il maestro mosano di Carrara e bilinguismi pisano-francesi." Critica d'Arte 20, no. 129 (1973). p. 22.

Didier, Robert. "Skulpturen des Maasgebiets aus den Jahren 1330-1360." Westfalen 55 (1977). p. 21.

Lemeunier, Albert. "Deux marbres mosans du XIVe siècle." Bulletin de la Société d'Art et d'Histoire du Diocèse de Liège 53 (1978). p. 97.

Lemeunier, Albert. "Un Christ en croix, marbre mosan du XIVe siècle." Bulletin de la Société d'Art et d'Histoire du Diocèse de Liège 54 (1980). pp. 1-4, fig. 2.

Didier, Robert. "Sculptures mosanes et marbres blancs au XIVe siècle." In Foire des antiquaires de Belgique. Brussels: Chambre Royale des Antiquaires de Belgique, 1990. n.p.

Pushkin Museum and State Hermitage Museum. Dekorativno-Prikladnoe Iskusstvo ot Pozdnei Antichnosti do Pozdnei Gotiki: Kratkii Katalog Vystavki. Moscow: Pushkin Museum, 1990. no. 56, pp. 12, 38, fig. 56.

State Hermitage Museum. Dekorativno-Prikladnoe Iskusstvo ot Pozdnei Antichnosti do Pozdnei Gotiki. St. Petersburg: State Hermitage Museum, 1990. no. 56, pp. 118-119.

Wixom, William D. "Medieval Sculpture at the Metropolitan: 800 to 1400." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 62, no. 4 (2005). p. 43.

Le Pogam, Pierre-Yves. Les premiers retables (XIIe-début du XVe siècle): Une mise en scène du sacré. Paris: Musée du Louvre Éditions, 2009. p. 88, fig. 33.

Treasures: Princely Taste. London: Sotheby's, July 4, 2012. p. 72, fig. 1.

Woods, Kim. "Towards a Morphology of Netherlandish Altarpieces in Alabaster." In Niederländische Kunstexporte nach Nord- und Ostmitteleuropa vom 14. bis 16. Jahrhundert: Forschungen zu ihren Anfängen, zur Rolle höfischer Auftraggeber, der Künstler und ihrer Werkstattbetriebe, edited by Jiri Fajt, and Markus Hörsch. Studia Jagellonica Lipsiensia 15. Ostfildern: Jan Thorbecke Verlag, 2014. p. 42.



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