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Saint Peter as the First Pope

Date:
before 1348
Geography:
Made in present-day Spain
Culture:
Catalan
Medium:
Pine partially covered with canvas, gesso, and paint
Dimensions:
Overall: 79 x 22 5/8 x 13 in. (200.7 x 57.5 x 33 cm)
Classification:
Sculpture-Wood
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1926
Accession Number:
27.18.2
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 305
Indentified by his papal tiara, the apostle Peter wears an ornately decorated ecclesiastical vestment (chasuble). The keys signifying his role as guardian of the gates to Heaven, which were given to him by Christ, are missing. The inscription indicates that the sculpture was commissioned by Bernat Pere, chaplain at the cathedral, who died in 1348.
Inscription: BD: P: GIOVANNI: D:SAT:P:[FEU:F]ER:ESTES:II:HIMAGES:...DE:PERPEYA:NOSTRA (The Blessed Father John had these two statues of Saint Peter made [signature] of Perpignan).
From the cathedral of Saint Peter and Saint Michael, La Seu d'Urgell ; Conde de las Almanas, Madrid; [ American Art Galleries, New York (sold 1927)]
Rorimer, James J. "A Monumental Catalan Wood Statue of the Fourteenth Century." Metropolitan Museum Studies 3, no. 1 (December 1930). pp. 100-113, fig. 1-6.

Spanish Medieval Art: A Loan Exhibition in Honor of Dr. Walter W.S. Cook. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1954. no. 46.

Duran i Sanpere, Augustí, and Juan Ainaud de Lasarte. Escultura gótica. Ars Hispaniae, Vol. 8. Madrid: Plus-Ultra, 1956. p. 198, fig. 192.

Durliat, Marcel. L'art en el regne de Mallorca. Els treballs i els dies 1. Mallorca: Editorial Moll, 1964. pp. 243-44, pl. XXX A.

Byne, Arthur, and Mildred Stapley. Spanish Interiors and Furniture. New York: Dover Books, 1969. pl. 109.

Hayward, Jane. "Sacred Vestments as They Developed in the Middle Ages." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 29, no. 7 (March 1971). p. 307, fig. 11.

Beeson, Nora B., ed. Guide to The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1972. no. 43, p. 220.

Husband, Timothy B., and Charles T. Little. Europe in the Middle Ages. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1987. no. 98, p. 105.

Museu Frederic Marès. Catàleg d'escultura i pintura medievals, edited by Francesca Español, and Joaquín Yarza Luaces. Fons del Museu Frederic Marès 1. Barcelona: Ajuntament de Barcelona, 1991. p. 360.

Español, Francesca. "El ressò de Rieux a les catedrals catalanes." Lambard: Estudis d'art medieval 9 (1996). pp. 259-67, fig. 1-4.

Martínez Ruiz, María José. "Luces y sombras del coleccionismo artístico en las primeras décadas del siglo XX: El Conde de las Almenas." Goya 307-308 (July-October 2005). p. 290, ill. p. 287.

Pladevall i Font, Antoni, ed. L'art Gòtic a Catalunya. Escultura I: La configuració de l'estil. Barcelona: Enciclopèdia Catalana, 2007. pp. 249.



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