Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Crozier Head with Saint Michael Slaying the Dragon

ca. 1220–30
Made in Limoges, France
Copper: formed, engraved, chased, scraped, stippled, and gilt; champlevé enamel: medium blue, turquoise, green (on the replaced lower shaft), yellow, red, and white
Overall: 12 5/8 x 6 3/8 x 3 1/16 in. (32.1 x 16.2 x 7.7 cm)
Credit Line:
The Friedsam Collection, Bequest of Michael Friedsam, 1931
Accession Number:
Not on view
Aimé Desmottes, Lille and Paris (1882–1900); his sale, Hôtel Drouot, Paris (March 19-23, 1900, no. 19); Léopold Goldschmidt, Paris (d. 1904); Michael Friedsam, New York
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Enamels of Limoges, 1100-1350," January 22, 1996–June 16, 1996.

Catalogue des objets d'art et de haute curiosité [...] collection de Feu M. Desmottes. Paris: Hôtel Drouot, March 19-23, 1900. no. 19, pp. 10–11, (ill. pl. opp. p. 12).

Sperling, E. M., ed. Catalogue of a Loan Exhibition of French Primitives and Objects of Art: In Aid of the French Hospital in New York. New York: Kleinberger Galleries, 1927. no. 86, p. 180, ill.

Schrader, J. L. "A Medieval Bestiary." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 44, no. 1 (Summer 1986). p. 44.

Benton, Janetta Rebold. The Medieval Menagerie: Animals in the Art of the Middle Ages. New York: Abbeville Press, 1992. p. 39, fig. 39.

Taburet-Delahaye, Elisabeth, and Barbara Drake Boehm, ed. L'Oeuvre de Limoges: Emaux limousins du Moyen Age. Paris: Réunion des Musées Nationaux, 1995. no. 110, p. 324.

Boehm, Barbara Drake, and Elisabeth Taburet-Delahaye, ed. Enamels of Limoges, 1100-1350. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1996. no. 109, p. 324.

Luaces, Joaquín Yarza, ed. De Limoges a Silos. Madrid: Sociedad Estatal para la Acción Cultural Exterior, 2001. p. 130.

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