Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Saint John the Baptist

Artist:
Claus Sluter (Netherlandish, Haarlem ca. 1360–before 1406 Dijon) (?)
Date:
ca. 1450–75
Geography:
Made in Burgundy, France
Culture:
French
Medium:
Limestone with traces of paint
Dimensions:
Overall: 59 1/2 x 24 x 17 in. (151.1 x 61 x 43.2 cm)
Classification:
Sculpture-Stone
Credit Line:
Purchase, Joseph Pulitzer Bequest, 1934
Accession Number:
34.44
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 305
Saint John the Baptist, who presents a lamb on an open book, refers to the fulfillment of prophecies of Christ, hailed by John as the Lamb of God. This sculpture, with the statue of Saint James the Greater exhibited nearby, was found near the church of Mouthier-Viellard in Poligny. The monumental dignity and voluminous drapery style derive from the work of Claus Sluter (active 1379–d.1406) and Claus de Werve (active 1396–d.1439), both of whom worked for Duke Philip the Bold at the Chartreuse de Champmol near Dijon in Burgundy.
François Vuillermet, Poligny (until 1918); [ Georges J. Demotte (1877–1923), Paris and New York (1918-1931)]; [ Brummer Gallery, Paris and New York (about 1931-1934)]
Rorimer, James J. "A Statue of St. John the Baptist Possibly by Claus Sluter." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 29, no. 11, pt. 1 (November 1934). pp. 192-94, fig. 2.

Wethey, Harold E. "Guillermo Sagrera." The Art Bulletin 21, no. 1 (March 1939). p. 55.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Guide to the Collections: Medieval Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1962. fig. 56.

Müller, Theodor. Sculpture in the Netherlands, Germany, France and Spain. Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1966. p. 50, pl. 56A.

Boccador, Jacqueline. Statuaire medievale en France de 1400 à 1530. Vol. 1. Zoug: Les Clefs du Temps, 1974. pp. 178-79, 187, 190-1, 196, 200, 219, 241, fig. 213.

De Winter, Patrick M. "Art from the Duchy of Burgundy." The Bulletin of the Cleveland Museum of Art 74, no. 10 (December 1987). p. 448, n. 21.

Forsyth, William Holmes. "Three Fifteenth-Century Sculptures from Poligny." Metropolitan Museum Journal 22 (1987). pp. 80-91, fig. 19, 22, 29-33.

Wixom, William D. "Late Medieval Sculpture in the Metropolitan: 1400 to 1530." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 64, no. 4 (Spring 2007). pp. 18-19.

Witt, Sabine. Die Skulpturen der Sluter-Nachfolge in Poligny: Stiftungen und Hofkunst in der Freigrafschaft Burgund unter den Herzögen aus dem Hause Valois. Korb: Didymos-Verlag, 2009. pp. 78-88, fig. 37, 38.



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