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Enthroned Virgin and Child

Date:
ca. 1210–20
Geography:
Made in Meuse Valley, France
Culture:
North French
Medium:
Oak with traces of polychromy
Dimensions:
Overall: 48 1/2 x 20 1/4 x 19in. (123.2 x 51.4 x 48.3cm)
Classification:
Sculpture-Wood
Credit Line:
Bequest of George Blumenthal, 1941
Accession Number:
41.190.283
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 304
Crowned as the Queen of Heaven, Mary is seated on a richly ornamented throne, while the infant Jesus holds an orb or apple and blesses. Mary also tramples a dragon in triumph—a visual reference to the Book of Genesis (3:15), in which God declares to the serpent, “I will put enmity between thee and the woman.” The fluid drapery style is a hallmark of northern sculpture about 1200.
Said to be from the monastery at Oignies, Belgium; Demotte Inc., Paris and New York (in 1925); George and Florence Blumenthal, Paris and New York (until 1941)
Wåhlin, Hans. "Fransk stil i Skånes medeltida träskulptur." In Äldre kyrklig konst i Skåne: Studier utg. med anledning av kyrkliga utställningen i Malmö 1914, edited by Otto Rydbeck, and Ewert Wrangel. Lund: Berlingska Boktryckeriet, 1921. p. 117, fig. 26.

Destrée, Joseph. "La Vierge et l'Enfant: Groupe en bois proventant du Prieuré d'Oignies." La Revue d'Art 21 (January-June 1925). pp. 101-22, fig. 1, 2.

Brière-Misme, Clotilde. "België en Frankrijk." Oud Holland 43, no. 1-6 (1926). p. 150.

Rubinstein-Bloch, Stella. Catalogue of the Collection of George and Florence Blumenthal, New York: Volume 2, Sculpture and Bronzes, Mediaeval and Renaissance. Paris: A. Lévy, 1926. pl. XIV.

Hamann, Richard. "Die Salzwedeler Madonna." Marburger Jahrbuch für Kunstwissenschaft 3 (1927). pp. 88-89, 116, 129, pl. XXXII.

Roussel, Jules. La sculpture française: Volume 1, époque romane. Documents de l'Architecture. Paris: Éditions Albert Morancé, 1929. p. 16, pl. 29.

Devigne, Marguerite. La sculpture mosane du XIIe au XVIe siècle, contribution à l'étude de l'art dans la région de la Meuse moyenne. Paris: G. van Oest, 1932. pp. 40-41, pl. VII, no. 30.

Laurent, Marcel. "Une nouvelle "Sedes Sapientiae" romane." Bulletin des Musées Royaux d'Art et d'Histoire (March 1932). p. 31.

Schnitzler, Hermann. Die Goldschmiedeplastik der Aachener Schreinswerkstatt : Beiträge zur Entwicklung der Goldschmiedekunst des Rhein Maasgebietes in der romanischen Zeit. Bonn: Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn, 1934. pp. 101-2.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Masterpieces in the Collection of George Blumenthal: A Special Exhibition. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1943. no. 3.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Masterpieces in the Collection of George Blumenthal: A Special Exhibition. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1943. fig. 3.

Cassart, Jean. "Les Madones anciennes du diocèse de Tournai." Revue Diocésaine de Tournai 9 (November 1954). pp. 6-8.

Randall Jr., Richard H. "A King Reinstated." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 13, no. 10 (June 1955). p. 294.

Halle aux Draps, Tournai. Scaldis, Escaut, Schelde: Tournai, Halle aux Draps, Casino Communal, Musée d'Histoire et d'Archéologie, Musée des Beaux-Arts; Du 15 juillet à 10 septembre 1956. Tournai: Halle aux Draps, Tournai, 1956. no. 4, p. 40.

Swarzenski, Hanns. "A Vièrge d'Orée." Bulletin of the Museum of Fine Arts 58, no. 313/314 (1960). p. 171.

Hoffmann, Konrad, ed. The Year 1200: A Centennial Exhibition at The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Vol. 1. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1970. no. 35, pp. 28-29.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Masterpieces of Fifty Centuries. New York: Dutton Publishing, 1970. no. 147, p. 41.190.283.

Sauerländer, Willibald. "Review of 'The Year 1200,' a Centennial exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. February 12-May 10, 1970." The Art Bulletin 53, no. 4 (December 1971). p. 510.

Beeson, Nora B., ed. Guide to The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1972. no. 32, p. 217.

Deuchler, Florens. Gothic Art. Universe History of Art. New York: Universe Books, 1973. no. 68, pp. 56, 107, fig. 68.

Anne Hagopian van Buren. "The Canonical Office in Renaissance Painting, Part II: More about the Rolin Madonna." The Art Bulletin 60, no. 4 (December 1978). p. 623, fig. 5.

Mambour, Josée. La Vierge à l'Enfant dans la sculpture en Hainault. Mons: Fédération du Tourisme du Hainaut, 1981. pp. 17-19.

Didier, Robert. "La Vierge assise à l'enfant (Sedes Sapientiae)." Millénaire de la collégiale Saint-Jean de Liège: Exposition d'art et d'histoire, 17 septembre-29 octobre 1982 (1982). pp. 134-35, fig. 27.

Suckale, Robert. "Zur Bedeutung Englands für die welfische Skulptur um 1200." In Heinrich der Löwe und seine Zeit: Herrschaft und Repräsentation der Welfen 1125-1235, edited by Jochen Luckhardt, and Franz Niehoff. Vol. 2. Munich: Hirmer, 1995. p. 445, fig. 336.

Didier, Robert, and Jacques Toussaint. Autour de Hugo d'Oignies. Namur: Société Archéologique de Namur, 2003. pp. 76-79, 3 illustrations, pp. 76-78.

Wixom, William D. "Medieval Sculpture at the Metropolitan: 800 to 1400." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 62, no. 4 (2005). p. 22.

Gaborit, Jean-René. "Le trône de la Vierge essai de typologie." In Vierges à l'Enfant médiévales de Catalogne mises en perspectives; Corpus des Vierges à l'Enfant (XIIe-XVe siècle) des Pyrénées-Orientales, edited by Marie-Pasquine Subes, and Jean-Bernard Mathon. Collection Histoire de l'art 5. Perpignan: Presses Universitaires de Perpignan, 2013. pp. 156-57, fig. 10.



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