Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Arma Christi

Date:
1475–1550
Culture:
South Netherlandish
Medium:
Wool warp; wool, silk, silver, and gilt wefts
Dimensions:
44 1/4 x 83 in. (112.4 x 210.8 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Tapestries
Credit Line:
The Cloisters Collection, 1952
Accession Number:
52.34
On view at The Met Cloisters in Gallery 13
The crosses on which Jesus and the two thieves were executed appear, improbably, against a rich backdrop of flowers. Around the crosses are objects linked to the suffering and death of Jesus—or Instruments of the Passion—including the scourges used to whip him, the crown of thorns placed mockingly on his head, the cloth with which Veronica wiped his face, and the nails that affixed him to the cross. Judging from its subject and dimensions, this hanging was used on a church altar. The coats of arms at lower left and right are those of the dukes of Segorbe; the textile was likely commissioned by Enrique II of Aragon (duke of Villena and Segorbe in 1472–died 1522) or his son Alfonso.
Inscription: (at top of the cross): INRI

Marking: Arms (twice at bottom): Enrique, Duke of Villena and of Segorbe
Said to have come from the charterhouse of Val de Christo near Segorbe, Valencia; Don Berenguer Torres y Aguilar, Spain (in 1507) ; Marqués de Dos Aguas, Valencia (by 1910) ; [ Spanish Art Gallery Ltd., London (sold 1928)] ; Christie's, London(April 6-7, 1938, no. 234) ; F. A. Drey, London (until 1952)
Rorimer, James J. "Acquisitions for the Cloisters." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 11, no. 10 (June 1953). pp. 276, 281.

Berliner, Rudolph Prof. "Arma Christi." Münchner Jahrbuch der bildenden Kunst, 3rd ser., 6 (1955). p. 90.

Verlet, Pierre. "Gothic Tapestry." In Great Tapestries: The Web of History from the 12th to the 20th Century, edited by Joseph Jobé. Lausanne: Edita, 1965. p. 19.

Crockett, Lawrence J. "The Identification of a Plant in the Unicorn Tapestries." Metropolitan Museum Journal 17 (1982). pp. 17-20, fig. 6, 8.

Cavallo, Adolfo S. Medieval Tapestries in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1993. no. 14, pp. 250-253.

Vidal Franquet, Jacobo. "De París, Brusselles i Arràs: Mestres tapissers a la Corona d’Aragó medieval." In Catalunya i l'Europa septentrional a l'entorn de 1400: Circulació de mestres, obres i models artístics, edited by Maria Rosa Terés Tomàs. IRCVM: Medieval Cultures, Vol. 5. Rome: Viella, 2016. pp. 183, 196, fig. 8.



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