The Ostrogoths who settled in Italy buried their dead in formal dress. Thus, splendid belt buckles such as this one appeared in the graves of prosperous Ostrogothic women, alongside earrings, necklaces, and brooches.
Samuel T. Baxter, Florence (until 1895)
Kühn, Herbert. Die vorgeschichtliche Kunst Deutschlands. Berlin: Propylaën Verlag, 1935. p. 429.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Mediaeval Jewelry: A Picture Book. 2nd ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1944. pl. 9.
Ricketson, Edith B. "Barbarian Jewelry of the Merovingian Period." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 5, no. 5 (January 1947). p. 142.
Brown, Katharine R. "If Only the Dead Could Talk: An Update on the East German and Hunnish Jewelry Collections at the Metropolitan Museum of Art." In Ancient Jewelry and Archaeology, edited by Adriana Calinescu. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1996. p. 229, fig. 8.
Brown, Katharine R., Dafydd Kidd, and Charles T. Little, ed. From Attila to Charlemagne: Arts of the Early Medieval Period in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York and New Haven: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000. p. 131, 339, fig. 4, 12.1.