The franc à cheval represents the restoration of sound coinage after the treaty of Brétigny between France and England. The mounted rider is derived from the seal types used by the French kings and nobility from the early twelfth century. The word franc (free) is possibly a punning allusion to the liberation of John II from English captivity.
Joseph H. Durkee(until 1898)
New York. The Cloisters Museum & Gardens. "The Secular Spirit: Life and Art at the End of the Middle Ages," March 28, 1975–June 15, 1975.
University Park, PA. Palmer Museum of Art. "Medieval Art in America: Patterns of Collecting, 1800–940," January 9, 1996–May 26, 1996.
Husband, Timothy B., and Jane Hayward, ed. The Secular Spirit: Life and Art at the End of the Middle Ages. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1975. no. 145, pp. 119, 133, fig. 6.
Smith, Elizabeth Bradford, ed. Medieval Art in America: Patterns of Collecting, 1800–1940. University Park, Pa.: Palmer Museum of Art, Pennsylvania State University, 1996. no. 18, pp. 98-99, ill. p. 6.