The artist who produced this censer proudly inscribed his name, "Godefridus," over one of the arches. The censer bears witness to the technical, artistic, and symbolic sophistication lavished on objects, regardless of size, produced for the service of the medieval church. The architectural form may symbolize the heavenly city of Jerusalem, while the lunettes circling the base depict Old Testament events thought to foretell Christ's sacrifice. Such complicated imagery was standard in art produced in the Valley of the Meuse, an area now part of modern Belgium, in the 12th century.
Inscription: Above, on the arch: GODEFRIDVS FECIT TVRIBVLVN Godfredus has made the turibulum (censer)
Scene 1. ABEL OFFERT AGNV[M] Abel offers a lamb (Genesis 4:4)
Scene 2. IOSVE ET CALEP FER[VN]T BONTR[VM] Joshua and Caleb carry the grapes (Numbers 13:23)
Scene 3. [MO]YSES EXALTAT SERPENTE[M] Moses exalts the serpent (Numbers 21:9)
Scene 4. MELCHISEDEC PANEM Melchizedek [carries] the bread and wine (Genesis 14:18; Epistles to Hebrew 7:1-4)
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