Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Double Cup

Date:
1325–50
Geography:
Made in possibly Prague
Culture:
German or Bohemian
Medium:
Silver, silver gilt, and opaque enamel
Dimensions:
Overall (together): 3 x 4 15/16 x 4 3/16 in. (7.6 x 12.5 x 10.7 cm) Bowl only: 2 5/16 x 4 15/16 x 4 3/16 in. (5.8 x 12.5 x 10.7 cm) Lid only: 1 7/16 x 3 3/4 in. (3.6 x 9.5 cm)
Classification:
Metalwork-Silver
Credit Line:
The Cloisters Collection, 1983
Accession Number:
1983.125a, b
On view at The Met Cloisters in Gallery 14
The only known example of its type and date, this double cup is inscribed with the names of the Three Kings—"Caspar + Melchior + Waltazar"—and was probably used for traditional toasts on the Feast of the Epiphany, which marks their arrival in Bethlehem. The heraldic devices are unidentified, but one on the upper section also appears on one of a set of beakers excavated near the residence of Emperor Charles IV at Kutná Hora, near Prague. The hats on the coat of arms correspond to those worn by Jews but do not necessarily indicate that the cup’s owners were Jews, since Gentiles and Jewish converts used similar emblems.
Inscription: Inscription: + CAPAR + MELCHIOR + WALTAZAR
[ Sotheby's, London(March 7, 1983, no. 167)] ; [ Sotheby's, London(sold 1983) ]
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Notable Acquisitions, 1982-1983 (Metropolitan Museum of Art) (1983). pp. 19-21.

Parker, Elizabeth C. "Recent Major Acquisitions of Medieval Art by American Museums." Gesta 23, no. 1 (1984). p. 70, fig. 7.

Husband, Timothy B., and Charles T. Little. Europe in the Middle Ages. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1987. no. 95, p. 102.

Young, Bonnie. A Walk Through The Cloisters. 5th ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1988. p. 111.

Wixom, William D., ed. Mirror of the Medieval World. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1999. no. 178, pp. 152–53.

Barnet, Peter, and Nancy Y. Wu. The Cloisters: Medieval Art and Architecture. New York and New Haven: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2005. no. 64, pp. 100, 196.

Boehm, Barbara Drake, and Jiri Fajt, ed. Prague: The Crown of Bohemia, 1347–1437. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2005. no. 75, pp. 209–10.

Norris, Michael. Medieval Art: A Resource for Educators. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2005. no. 29, pp. 116-19.

Fajt, Jiri, and Barbara Drake Boehm, ed. Karel IV., Císař Boží Milosti: Kultura a Umění za Vlády Posledních Lucemburků 1347–1437 (Charles IV, Emperor by the Grace of God: Culture and Art in the Reign of the Last of the Luxembourgs 1347–1437). Prague: Prague Castle Administration, 2006. no. 11.6.2, p. 88.

Fajt, Jiri, and Barbara Drake Boehm, ed. Karl IV., Kaiser von Gottes Gnaden: Kunst und Repräsentation des Hauses Luxemburg 1310-1437. Munich: Deutscher Kunstverlag, 2006. no. 100, pp. 285–86.

Evans, Helen C., ed. The Philippe de Montebello Years: Curators Celebrate Three Decades of Acquisitions – Online Catalogue. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2008.

Barnet, Peter, and Nancy Y. Wu. The Cloisters: Medieval Art and Architecture. 75th Anniversary ed. New York and New Haven: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2012. p. 102.

Heimann-Jelinek, Felicitas, ed. Glaubensfragen: Chatrooms auf dem Weg in die Neuzeit / Questions of Faith: Chatrooms at the Dawn of the Modern Era. Ulm: Ulmer Museum, 2016. pp. 30–31.



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