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Chalice of Peter of Sassoferrato

Date:
ca. 1341–42
Geography:
Made in Siena, Italy
Culture:
Italian
Medium:
Silver-gilt, translucent enamels
Dimensions:
Overall: 8 7/16 x 5 7/8 in. (21.7 x 14.9 cm) Base: 5 7/8in. (14.9cm)
Classification:
Metalwork-Silver
Credit Line:
The Cloisters Collection, 1988
Accession Number:
1988.67
On view at The Met Cloisters in Gallery 14
This opulent chalice, with richly colored and exquisitely drawn enamels, represents the Crucifixion, the Virgin, and Saints John the Evangelist, Louis of Toulouse, John the Baptist, and Anthony of Padua (?). Seraphim decorate the spandrels and collar above. On the knop are Saints Michael, Francis, Mary Magdalene (?), Catherine of Alexandria (?), and Elizabeth of Hungary (?). The inscription refers to the donor, Brother Peter of the Penitentiary, and the town of Sassoferrato in Umbria (Marche) and warns that the chalice should not be sold or destroyed. Brother Peter was appointed to the Sacred Order of the Penitentiary by Pope Benedict XII in December 1341. The cup is a replacement, perhaps of the fifteenth century.
Inscription: (on the stem above the knop): + FRA/T(R)IS P/ETRI PENIT/ENTI/ARII + /DOMI/NI PA/PE ); (on the stem below the knop) + LOCI SAS/SIFERATI/NON VEN/DATVR/NEC DI/STRATVR
From the Franciscan Church of Sassoferrato; Friedrich Moritz Gontard, Frankfurt (by 1875) ; Richard von Passavant-Gontard, Frankfurt (in 1929) ; [ S. J. Phillips Ltd., London (reportedly before 1939–1988) ]
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Recent Acquisitions, 1987-1988 (Metropolitan Museum of Art) (1988). pp. 17-18.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "One Hundred Eighteenth Annual Report of the Trustees for the Fiscal Year July 1, 1987, through June 30, 1988." Annual Report of the Trustees of the Metropolitan Museum of Art 118 (1988). p. 33.

Wixom, William D., ed. Mirror of the Medieval World. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1999. no. 173, pp. 145–47.

Barnet, Peter, and Nancy Y. Wu. The Cloisters: Medieval Art and Architecture. New York and New Haven: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2005. no. 70, pp. 106, 196.

Evans, Helen C., ed. The Philippe de Montebello Years: Curators Celebrate Three Decades of Acquisitions – Online Catalogue. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2008.

Barnet, Peter. "Medieval Europe." In Philippe de Montebello and The Metropolitan Museum of Art: 1977–2008, edited by James R. Houghton. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2009. p. 23.

Barnet, Peter, and Nancy Y. Wu. The Cloisters: Medieval Art and Architecture. 75th Anniversary ed. New York and New Haven: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2012. p. 109.



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