Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object
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Reliquary Shrine

Artist:
Attributed to Jean de Touyl (French, died 1349/50)
Date:
ca. 1325–50
Geography:
Made in Paris, France
Culture:
French
Medium:
Gilt-silver, translucent enamel, paint
Dimensions:
Overall (open): 10 x 16 x 3 5/8 in. (25.4 x 40.6 x 9.2 cm)
Classification:
Enamels-Translucent
Credit Line:
The Cloisters Collection, 1962
Accession Number:
62.96
On view at The Met Cloisters in Gallery 14
This sumptuous reliquary sets the Virgin and Child, accompanied by angels, within an elaborate architectural shrine. The arches, vaults, and sculptural decorations are of gilded silver; translucent enamel panels on the wings depicting scenes from the life of the Virgin and the Infancy of Christ evoke stained-glass windows. This example, one of only four such shrines to have survived, is recorded in the eighteenth-century inventories of the convent of the Poor Clares of the Order of Saint Francis at Buda (part of the modern city of Budapest), founded by Queen Elizabeth of Hungary in 1334.
From the convent of the Poor Clares at Buda (part of the modern city of Budapest); Count Ignac Batthyany, Vienna ; Countess V. Batthyany, Vienna ; Count Arthur Batthyany ; Frederick I, Grand Duke of Baden 1826–1907 ; his sale, Hôtel Drouot, Paris (January 28-29, 1867, no. 61) ; M. Charles Mannheim(1867) ; baron Alphonse Mayer Rothschild(1867–collection confiscated in 1938) ; restituted to his widow, baroness Clarice de Rothschild ; [ Rosenberg & Stiebel(sold 1962)]
Catalogue d'une importante Collection de Cristaux de Roche [...] provenant en partie d'une maison princiére d'allemagne. Paris: Hôtel Drouot, January 28–29, 1867. no. 61, pp. 14–15.

Radisics, Eugène de. "Exposition rétrospective de la Hongrie." Gazette des Beaux-Arts, 3rd ser., 24, no. 4 (October 1900). ill. p. 269.

Freeman, Margaret Beam. "A Shrine for a Queen." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 21, no. 10 (June 1963). pp. 328, 330, 335, fig. 1, 4, 13.

Stoddard, Whitney S. Monastery and Cathedral in France: Medieval Architecture, Sculpture, Stained Glass, Manuscripts, the Art of the Church Treasuries. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1966. pp. 378–81, 383, fig. 423.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. In the Presence of Kings: Royal Treasures from the Collections of The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1967. no. 13.

Norman, Jane. "How to Look at Art." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 28, no. 5 (January 1970). pp. 10-11.

Deuchler, Florens. "The Cloisters: ein Museum für mittelalterliche Kunst in New York." Du 32, no. 2 (1972). pp. 118–19.

Legner, Anton, ed. Die Parler und der schöne Stil, 1350-1400: Europäische Kunst unter den Luxemburgern. Vol. 2. Cologne: Museen der Stadt Köln, 1978. p. 458.

Fritz, Johann Michael. Goldschmiedekunst der Gotik in Mitteleuropa. Munich: C. H. Beck, 1982. p. 226, fig. 272.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide, edited by Kathleen Howard. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1983. no. 23, p. 369.

Husband, Timothy B., and Charles T. Little. Europe in the Middle Ages. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1987. no. 109, pp. 116-117.

Wixom, William D. "Medieval Sculpture at The Cloisters." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 46, no. 3 (Winter 1988-1989). p. 62.

Young, Bonnie. A Walk Through The Cloisters. 5th ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1988. pp. 108-09.

Erlande-Brandenburg, Alain. Gothic Art. New York: H. N. Abrams, 1989. p. 364, fig. 173, ill. p. 367.

Gaborit-Chopin, Danielle. "The Reliquary of Elizabeth of Hungary at The Cloisters." In The Cloisters: Studies in Honor of the Fiftieth Anniversary, edited by Elizabeth C. Parker. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1992. pp. 326-53, fig. 1-9, 34-35.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide, edited by Kathleen Howard. 2nd ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1994. no. 23, p. 403.

Gerson, Paula. "Relics and Reliquaries." In Medieval France: An Encyclopedia, edited by William W. Kibler, and Grover A. Zinn. Garland Encyclopedias of the Middle Ages, Vol. 2. New York and London: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1995. p. 791 [1491].

Barnet, Peter, and Nancy Y. Wu. The Cloisters: Medieval Art and Architecture. New York and New Haven: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2005. no. 63, pp. 99, 196.

Barnet, Peter, and Nancy Y. Wu. The Cloisters: Medieval Art and Architecture. 75th Anniversary ed. New York and New Haven: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2012. p. 100.

Tomasi, Michele. "Luxe et Dévotion au XIVe Siècle: Autour du Tabernacle de Thomas Basin." Comptes rendus des séances de l’Académie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres 2 (April–June 2012). pp. 1010–14, fig. 8-9.



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