Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object
{{img.publicCaption}}

Panel with the Annunciation

Date:
ca. 1390
Geography:
Made in Niederösterreich, Austria
Culture:
Austrian
Medium:
Pot-metal glass, colorless glass, and vitreous paint
Dimensions:
Overall: 27 1/2 x 13 1/2 in. (69.9 x 34.3 cm)
Classification:
Glass-Stained
Credit Line:
The Cloisters Collection, 1936
Accession Number:
36.39.1a, b
On view at The Met Cloisters in Gallery 9
The castle at Ebreichsdorf, strategically positioned south of Vienna near the Hungarian border, served as a private residence for a member of the court. These windows from the glazing of the castle chapel were made by a large workshop in the employ of the royal dukes in Vienna. Elongated figures with heads often seen in profile, heavy masses of drapery, and an unusually rich range of colors distinguish the style of this court workshop. In contrast to the glass from Saint Leonhard in the central windows of this chapel, the figures here are placed in elaborate architectural settings composed of pinnacles and towers, imaginatively combined to create fanciful structures. These backgrounds link the individual scenes in a unified composition. Represented in this window are scenes from the infancy of Christ, including the Annunciation to the Virgin, the Presentation of Christ in the Temple, and the Adoration of the Magi with the Virgin Mary robed in royal purple but resting on a straw-filled mat. The tracery light above, representing the Sun and the Moon, is also from Ebreichsdorf.
Having withstood the Mongol attacks of the thirteenth century only to be plundered by the Turks in 1683, Ebreichsdorf never returned to its medieval splendor. Except for one panel in Vienna, The Cloisters windows are all that survive of the Ebreichsdorf glass.
From Ebreichsdorf Schlosskapelle, near Wienerneustadt, Lower Austria.; Roy Grosvenor Thomas, New York (sold 1936)
"Notizen." Mittheilungen der K.K. Central-Commission zur Erforschung und Erhaltung der Kunst- und Historischen Denkmale, n.s., 1 (1875). pp. XLII–XLIII, (as no. 31).

Lind, Karl. "Übersicht der noch in Kirchen Niederösterreichs erhaltenen Glasmalereien." Berichte und Mittheilungen des Alterthums-Vereines zu Wien 27 (1891). p. 110.

Löw, Alois. "Studien über ein Kapitel der Monumental-Glasmalerei." Berichte und Mittheilungen des Alterthums-Vereines zu Wien 27 (1891). p. 107.

"Notizen." Mittheilungen der K.K. Central-Commission zur Erforschung und Erhaltung der Kunst- und Historischen Denkmale, n.s., 17 (1891). p. 135, (as no. 148).

"Notizen." Monatsblatt des Alterthums-vereines zu Wien 3, no. 12 (December 1891). p. 143.

"Notizen." Monatsblatt des Alterthums-vereines zu Wien 3, no. 2 (February 1891). p. 86.

Löw, Alois. "Alte Glasmalereien in Niederösterreich." Berichte und Mittheilungen des Alterthums-Vereines zu Wien 31 (1895). pp. 11–15.

Lind, Karl. Meisterwerke der kirchlichen Glasmalerei (1897). pp. 11–15, fig. 1–7.

Bürger, Fritz, and Hermann Schmitz. Die deutsche Malerei, vom ausgehenden Mittelalter bis zum ende der Renaissance. Handbuch der Kunstwissenschaft, Vol. 1. Berlin: Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft Athenaion, 1913. p. 199.

Kieslinger, Franz. Die glasmalerei in Österreich, ein abriss ihrer geschichte. Vienna: Verlag Ed. Hölzel, 1920. pp. 70, 72.

Kieslinger, Franz. "Die Glasmalereien des österreichischen Herzoghofes aus dem Ende des 14 Jahrhunderts." Belvedere 1 (1922). pp. 147–55.

Kieslinger, Franz. Gotische Glasmalerei in Österreich bis 1450. Zürich: Amalthea-Verlag, 1928. pp. 24, 48.

Wentzel, Hans. Meisterwerke der Glasmalerei. Berlin: Deutscher Verein für Kunstwissenschaft, 1954. p. 60.

Frodl-Kraft, Eva. "Glasgemälde." In Die Gotik in Niederösterreich: Kunst und Kultur eines Landes im Spätmittelalter. Krems: Verlag der Österreichischen Staatsdruckerei, 1959. (unpaginated).

Frodl-Kraft, Eva. Die mittelalterlichen Glasgemälde in Wien. Corpus Vitrearum Medii Aevi, Österreich, Vol. 1. Graz, Vienna, and Cologne: Böhlau Verlag, 1962. p. 129.

Rorimer, James J. The Cloisters: The Building and the Collection of Medieval Art in Fort Tryon Park. 3rd revised ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1963. pp. 95–96.

Hayward, Jane. "Stained-Glass Windows." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 30, no. 3 (December 1971-January 1972). p. 126.

Frodl-Kraft, Eva. Die mittelalterlichen Glasgemälde in Niederösterreich: Volume 1, Albrechtsberg bis Klosterneuburg. Corpus Vitrearum Medii Aevi, Österreich, Vol. 2. Graz, Vienna, and Cologne: Böhlau Verlag, 1972. pp. 225–28, fig. 681–83, 688.

Young, Bonnie. A Walk Through The Cloisters. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1979. pp. 79–80.

Sturm, James L. Stained Glass from Medieval Times to the Present: Treasures to be Seen in New York, New York. New York: Dutton Publishing, 1982. pp. 5–8, fig. 4.

Caviness, Madeline H., ed. Stained Glass Before 1700 in American Collections: New England and New York (Corpus Vitrearum Checklist I). Studies in the History of Art, Vol. 15. Washington, D.C.: National Art Gallery, 1985. p. 113.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Recent Acquisitions, 1987-1988 (Metropolitan Museum of Art) (1988). pp. 19–20.

Frodl-Kraft, Eva. "The Stained Glass from Ebreichsdorf and the Austrian 'Ducal Workshop'." In The Cloisters: Studies in Honor of the Fiftieth Anniversary, edited by Elizabeth C. Parker. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1992. pp. 384–407, pl. 7.

Wixom, William D., ed. Mirror of the Medieval World. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1999. p. 158.



Related Objects

The Presentation in the Temple

Date: ca. 1390 Medium: Pot-metal and colorless glass, vitreous paint and silver stain Accession: 1986.285.3 On view in:Gallery 9

The Agony in the Garden

Date: ca. 1390 Medium: Pot-metal and colorless glass, vitreous paint and silver stain Accession: 1986.285.5 On view in:Gallery 9

Adoration of the Magi from Seven Scenes from the Life of Christ

Date: ca. 1390 Medium: Pot-metal and colorless glass, vitreous paint and silver stain Accession: 1986.285.2 On view in:Gallery 9

The Harrowing of Hell

Date: ca. 1390 Medium: Pot-metal and colorless glass, vitreous paint and silver stain Accession: 1986.285.7 On view in:Gallery 9

Christ Before Pilate

Date: ca. 1390 Medium: Pot-metal and colorless glass, vitreous paint and silver stain Accession: 1986.285.6 On view in:Gallery 9