Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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The Burg Weiler Altar Triptych (Altarpiece with the Virgin and Child and Saints)

Artist:
Master of the Burg Weiler Altarpiece (German, Middle Rhineland, ca. 1470)
Date:
ca. 1470
Geography:
Made in Baden-Württemberg (Nordwürttemberg), Middle Rhineland, Germany
Culture:
German
Medium:
Oil on wood, gold ground
Dimensions:
central panel: 68 1/2 x 60 in. (174 x 152.4 cm); each wing; 68 1/2 x 26 in. (174 x 66 cm)
Classification:
Paintings-Panels
Credit Line:
The Cloisters Collection, 1953
Accession Number:
53.21
On view at The Met Cloisters in Gallery 16
This imposing and well-preserved altarpiece achieves monumentality through the modeling and scale of the major figures. The grouping of these figures in a frieze-like arrangement and the repeating patterns of the floor and background provide visual unity. The saints on either side of the Virgin are identified both by the inscriptions below and by their attributes. From left to right are SS. Jodokus, Wendel, Apollonia, Barbara, Catherine, Lawrence, Sebastian, and Maurice. A pair of angels hovers above while gently lowering an elaborate crown onto the Virgin's head. The outer panels represent St. Theodulus and martyrs of the Theban Legion, revealed when the altarpiece is closed.
Inscription: (interior, at bottom of each panel) with the name of the saint depicted

(left wing, on riser) S IOS S WENdEL
(central panel, on riser) S APOLONIA S bARbARA S HARIA S KATERINA
S LORENCIVS

(right wing, on riser) S SEbASTEIVNVS S HORICVS
From the chapel of the castle of Burg Weiler, Württenburg, near Heilbronn.; Barons von und zu Weiler, Burg Weiler (ca. 1470?–1930s?) ; Ernst Dauer, Heilbronn (sold October 21, 1937) ; [ Julius Böhler Kunsthandlung, Munich (October 21, 1937 – sold August 13, 1938)] ; Werner Lüps d. 1942, Düsseldorf (August 13, 1938–1942) ; by descent, Gitta Forell, Munich (1942–sold 1953) ; [ Thomas Agnew & Sons, London (sold 1953)]
Rorimer, James J., and Margaret B. Freeman. The Cloisters: The Building and the Collection of Mediaeval Art, in Fort Tryon Park. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1938. p. 161.

Heinrich, Theodore Allen. "The Burg Weiler Altarpiece." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 12, no. 10 (June 1954). pp. 318-326.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Eighty-Fourth Annual Report of the Trustees for the Fiscal Year 1953." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 13, no. 1 (Summer 1954). p. 21.

Stange, Alfred. Deutsche Malerei der Gotik: Volume 9, Franken, Böhmen und Thüringen-Sachsen in der Zeit von 1400 bis 1500. Vol. 9. Berlin: Deutscher Kunstverlag, 1958. pp. 92-94, fig. 201.

Bushart, Bruno. "Studien zur Altschwäbischen Malerei." Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte 22, no. 2 (1959). pp. 133, 154-55.

Rorimer, James J. The Cloisters: The Building and the Collection of Medieval Art in Fort Tryon Park. 3rd revised ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1963. p. 161.

Stange, Alfred. Kritisches Verzeichnis der deutschen Tafelbilder vor Dürer. Vol. 3. Munich: Bruckmann, 1978. pp. 114, 59-60.

Baetjer, Katharine. European Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art by artists born in or before 1865: A summary catalogue. Vol. 2. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1980. p. 290.

Baetjer, Katharine. European Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art by artists born in or before 1865: A summary catalogue. Vol. 1. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1980. p. 118.

Baetjer, Katharine. European Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art by artists born in or before 1895: A summary catalogue. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1995. pp. 213-214.

Ainsworth, Maryan. German Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York and New Haven: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2013. no. 47, pp.197-200.



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