Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object
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Lectern in the Form of an Eagle

Artist:
Attributed to Jehan Aert van Tricht (Netherlandish, active Maastricht 1492–1501)
Date:
ca. 1500
Geography:
Made in Maastricht, the Netherlands
Culture:
South Netherlandish
Medium:
Brass
Dimensions:
81 1/8 × 47 3/4 × 40 1/4 in. (206.1 × 121.3 × 102.2 cm)
Classification:
Metalwork-Brass
Credit Line:
The Cloisters Collection, 1968
Accession Number:
68.8
On view at The Met Cloisters in Gallery 16
Atop this large lectern, which was used for reading from the Gospels, is an impressive eagle, symbol of Saint John the Evangelist, perched with a dragon beneath its talon. A complex object assembled from many separately cast parts, the lectern is supported by three lion feet and embellished with figures of the Magi, Christ, Saint Peter, Saint Barbara, and Old Testament prophets. In the nineteenth century, John Talbot, sixteenth earl of Shrewsbury, donated the lectern to the cathedral of Saint Chad in Birmingham, England, designed by the renowned Gothic revival architect A.W.N. Pugin (1812-1852). The figures of Saint Barbara and the first Magus are nineteenth-century replacements, dating from the time of Pugin's involvement with the lectern.
From the church of Saint Peter, Louvain; [ Mr. Hull, London (sold 1834 or 1835) or] ; Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin British, London 1812–1852 Ramsgate, England (1834 or 1845) ; John, 16th Earl of Shrewsbury, England (in 1834 or 1835) ; Cathedral of St. Chad, Birmingham(1841-1851) ; St. Mary's College, Oscott(at Sutton Coldfield, Warwickshire, 1851
Crab, Jan. "The Great Copper Pelican in the Choir: The Lectern from the Church of St. Peter in Louvain." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 26 no. 10 (June 1968). pp. 401-409, fig. 1, 3-10.

Deuchler, Florens. "The Cloisters: A New Center for Mediaeval Studies." The Connoisseur 172 (November 1969). p. 144, fig. 9-10.

Ostoia, Vera K. The Middle Ages: Treasures from the Cloisters and the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Los Angeles: Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 1969. no. 106, pp. 224-225, 261.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Masterpieces of Fifty Centuries. New York: Dutton Publishing, 1970. no. 175, p. 192.

Deuchler, Florens. "The Cloisters: ein Museum für mittelalterliche Kunst in New York." Du 32, no. 2 (1972). p. 142.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Notable Acquisitions (Metropolitan Museum of Art) no. 1965/1975 (1975). p. 160.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide, edited by Kathleen Howard. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1983. no. 40, p. 377.

Husband, Timothy B., and Charles T. Little. Europe in the Middle Ages. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1987. no. 143, pp. 154-155.

Wixom, William D. "Medieval Sculpture at The Cloisters." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 46, no. 3 (Winter 1988-1989). pp. 48-49.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide, edited by Kathleen Howard. 2nd ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1994. no. 40, p. 411.

Barnet, Peter, and Nancy Y. Wu. The Cloisters: Medieval Art and Architecture. New York and New Haven: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2005. no. 112, pp. 155–56, 198.

Barnet, Peter, and Nancy Y. Wu. The Cloisters: Medieval Art and Architecture. 75th Anniversary ed. New York and New Haven: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2012. p. 164.



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