Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

Scenes from the Life of Saint Augustine of Hippo

Artist:
Master of Saint Augustine (Netherlandish, ca. 1490)
Date:
ca. 1490
Geography:
Made in Bruges, Flanders, South Netherlands
Culture:
South Netherlandish
Medium:
Oil, gold, and silver on wood
Dimensions:
Overall: 54 1/4 x 59 in. (137.8 x 149.9 cm) gr. thickness: 3/8 in. (1 cm)
Classification:
Paintings-Panels
Credit Line:
The Cloisters Collection, 1961
Accession Number:
61.199
On view at The Met Cloisters in Gallery 10
This painting was the central panel of a triptych dedicated to Saint Augustine (354–430), a Christian theologian so celebrated that he is sometimes called a Doctor of the Church. The composition is divided into five scenes: in the center, Saint Augustine is consecrated bishop of Hippo Regius, a Roman city in present-day Algeria; in the upper left, Saint Augustine is ordained as a priest; in the lower left, Saint Augustine preaches while his mother, Monica, anachronistically says the rosary, a prayer regimen of the late Middle Ages. At the upper right, Saint Augustine converses with a boy who says that filling a hole in the sand with the sea is no more difficult than explaining the Trinity; and in the lower right, Saint Augustine preaches. In the windows behind the altar at the right are kneeling figures of a man and woman, along with coats of arms. Might these be clues to the original place for which the altarpiece was created, or are they pure inventions? Of particular interest in this panel are the detailed and richly depicted varieties of ecclesiastical vestments and altar implements, many examples of which are similar to works displayed in the Cloisters’ Treasury.
Brownlow Cecil, 9th Earl of Exeter, Burghley House, near Stamford, Northamptonshire (by 1847) ; William Alleyne Cecil, 3rd Marquis of Exeter 1825–1895, Burghley House, near Stamford Northamptonshire (until 1888) ; Marquis of Exeter sale, Christie, Manson & Woods, London (June 9, 1888, no. 295, to Murray) ; Charles Fairfax Murray British, London 1849–1919 London(in 1888) ; Charles Butler, London (in 1891) ; anonymous sale, Hôtel Drouot, Paris (June 16, 1892) ; Comtesse de Béarn, Paris (after 1895) ; [ Nikolaus Steinmeyer, Cologne (1901)] ; Charles T. Yerkes, New York (1901–10) ; his sale, American Art Association, New York (April 5–8, 1910, no. 18, to Böhler) ; [ Julius Wilhelm Böhler, Munich (in 1910)] ; [possibly Fritz von Ansbach, Frankfurt (in 1910)?] ; Fritz von Gans, Frankfurt (before 1921) ; [ Kurt Walter Bachstitz, The Hague (1921–24)] ; Alfred W. Erickson, New York (1925–d. 1936) ; his widow, Anna E. Erickson, New York (1936–d. 1961) ; her estate sale, Park-Bernet, New York(November 11–14, 1961, no. 10)
Charlton, William Henry. Burghley: The Life Of William Cecil, Lord Burghley, Lord High Treasurer Of England, etc.. Stamford: W. Langley, 1847. no. 89, p. 194.

Catalogue of Ancient & Modern Pictures, the property of the Marquis of Exeter from Burghley House. London: Christie, Manson & Woods, June 9, 1888. no. 295, p. 8.

Schnütgen, Alexander. "Alterniederländisches Gemälde mit Szenen aus dem Leben des hl. Augustinus." Zeitschrift für christliche Kunst 14 (1902). cols. 161–64, pl. 5.

A catalogue of the paintings, tapestries, and bronzes contained in the Bachstitz gallery. The Hague: Bachstitz Gallery, 1920. no. 51, p. 44.

Balet, Leo. "Die Sammlung Bachstitz." Der Cicerone 13 (1921). p. 331.

Gronau, Georg, ed. The Bachstitz Gallery: Volume 1, Catalogue of Paintings and Tapestries. Berlin: s.n., 1921. no. 2, p. 3, pl. 3.

Reinach, Salomon. Répertoire de peintures du moyen age et de la renaissance (1280–1580). Vol. 6. Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1923. p. 13, ill. (sketch).

"Famous Portrait by van Dyck is Shown among Italian, Dutch and Spanish Masterpieces in a Special Exhibition at the Galleries of P. Jackson Higgs." Art News 22, no. 17 (February 2, 1924). pp. 1, 6.

Glück, Gustav. La Collection del Monte. Vienna: Anton Schroll, 1928. pp. 6–7.

Catalogue of the Pictures and Other Works of Art in the National Gallery of Ireland and the National Portrait Gallery. Dublin: National Gallery of Ireland, 1928. p. 84.

Friedländer, Max J. "The Bruges Master of St. Augustine." Art in America 25 (April 1937). pp. 47–48, 53–54, fig. 1.

Friedländer, Max J. Die altniederländische Malerei: Volume 14, Pieter Bruegel und Nachträge zu den früheren Bänden. Leiden: A. W. Sijthoff's Uitgeversmij N. V., 1937. p. 105.

Vollmer, Hans, ed. Allgemeines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler. Vol. 37. Leipzig: E. A. Seemann, 1950. p. 28.

Janssens de Bisthoven, A., and R. A. Parmentier. Les Primitifs Flamands, I: Corpus de la Peinture des Anciens Pays-Bas Méridionaux au Quinzième Siècle. Volume 1: Musée Communal des Beaux- Arts (Musée Groeninge), Bruges. Antwerp: De Sikkel, 1951. p. 72.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Ninety-Second Annual Report of the Trustees of The Metropolitan Museum of Art for the Fiscal Year 1961-1962." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 21, no. 2 (October 1962). p. 81.

Eisler, Colin. "Book Reviews: Erik Larsen, Les primitifs flamands au Musée Metropolitain de New York, 1960." The Art Bulletin 46, no. 1 (March 1964). pp. 103–4.

White, James. National Gallery of Ireland. New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1968. p. 58.

Courcelle, Jeanne, and Pierre Courcelle. Iconographie de Saint Augustin: Volume 2, Les cycles du XVe siècle. Paris: Études Augustiniennes, 1969. pp. 145–50, 153, 182–86, 190–91, pls. 102–8.

Primitifs flamands anonymes: Maîtres aux noms d'emprunt des Pays-Bas méridionaux du XVe et du début du XVIe siècle. Bruges: Groeninge Museum, 1969. p. 54.

Arndt, Karl. "Altniederländische Meister mit Notnamen, Bemerkungen zu der Austellung in Brügge." Kunstchronik 23, no. 5 (May 1970). p. 115.

Reynaud, Nicole, and Jacques Foucart. "Expositions: Primitifs flamands anonymes, 1969." Revue de l'art 8 (1970). p. 68.

Friedländer, Max J. Early Netherlandish Painting: Volume 6, Hans Memlinc and Gerard David. Part 2. New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1971. p. 111, sup. 244, pl. 240.

Hairs, Marie-Louise. "Jeanne et Pierre Courcelle. Iconographie de Saint Augustin. Les cycles du XIV siècle. Paris, 1965." Revue belge d'archéologie et d'histoire de l'art 40 (1971). pp. 156, 159.

Hayward, Jane. "Sacred Vestments as They Developed in the Middle Ages." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 29, no. 7 (March 1971). p. 299, fig. 1.

Schabacker, Peter H. "Review: Martin Davies, Rogier van der Weyden." Art Quarterly 35, no. 4 (1972). pp. 423–24.

Baetjer, Katharine. European Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art by artists born in or before 1865: A summary catalogue. Vol. 1. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1980. pp. 120-21.

Baetjer, Katharine. European Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art by artists born in or before 1895: A summary catalogue. Vol. 3. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1980. p. 352.

Frazer, Margaret English. "Medieval Church Treasuries." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 43, no. 3 (Winter 1985-1986). pp. 23-25, fig. 20.

Campbell, Lorne. "Reviewed Works: 'Juan de Flandes' by Ignace Vandevivere; 'Juan de Flandes' by Ignace Vandevivere, Elisa Bermejo." Burlington Magazine 128, no. 999 (June 1986). p. 431.

Vogelaar, Christiaan. Netherlandish Fifteenth and Sixteenth Century Paintings in the National Gallery of Ireland: A Complete Catalogue. Dublin: National Gallery of Ireland, 1987. pp. 46–48.

Theuerkauff-Liederwald, Anna-Elisabeth. Mittelalterliche Bronze- und Messinggefäße. Bronzegeräte des Mittelalters, Vol. 4. Berlin: Deutscher Verlag für Kunstwissenschaft, 1988. pp. 68, 139, fig. 24.

Böhmer, Sylvia, ed. Von der Erde zum Himmel: Heiligendarstellung des Spätmittelalters. Aachen: Suermondt-Ludwig-Museum, 1993. p. 164.

Baetjer, Katharine. European Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art by artists born in or before 1895: A summary catalogue. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1995. p. 257.

Roberts-Jones, Philippe, ed. Le dictionnaire des peintres belges du XIVe siècle à nos jours: Depuis les premiers maîtres des anciens Pays-Bas méridionaux et de la Principauté de Liège jusqu'aux artistes contemporains. Vol. 3. Brussels: La Renaissance du Livre, 1995. p. 685, ill.

Turner, Jane, ed. "Master of St Augustine." In The Dictionary of Art. Vol. 20. New York: Grove, 1996. pp. 757–58.

Suchtelen, Ariane van, Yvette Bruijnen, and Edwin Buijsen, ed. Art on Wings: Celebrating the Reunification of a Triptych by Gerard David. The Hague: Mauritshuis, 1997. pp. 55–56, fig. 3.

Ainsworth, Maryan, and Keith Christiansen, ed. From Van Eyck to Bruegel: Early Netherlandish Painting in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1998. no. 16, pp. 29, 78–79, 82, 128–32, 399, ill. p. 78.

Hand, John Oliver. "New York. From Van Eyck to Bruegel: Early Netherlandish Painting in The Metropolitan Museum of Art." Burlington Magazine 140, no. 1149 (December 1998). p. 854.

Williamson, Paul. Medieval Ivory Carvings: Early Christian to Romanesque. London: V & A Publications, 2010. pp. 384, 387, fig. 4.



Related Objects

Book of Hours

Artist: Simon Bening (Netherlandish, Ghent (?) 1483/84–1561 Bruges) Date: ca. 1530–35 Medium: Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment; modern red leather binding Accession: 2015.706 On view in:Gallery 13

Annunciation Triptych (Merode Altarpiece)

Artist: Workshop of Robert Campin (Netherlandish, ca. 1375–1444 Tournai) Date: ca. 1427–32 Medium: Oil on oak Accession: 56.70a–c On view in:Gallery 19

Heraldic Panel with Arms of the House of Hapsburg

Date: ca. 1504–6 Medium: Pot-metal glass, white glass, vitreous paint, and silver stain Accession: 37.147.3 On view in:Gallery 17

Heraldic Panel with Arms of the House of Hapsburg

Date: ca. 1504–6 Medium: Pot-metal glass, white glass, vitreous paint, and silver stain Accession: 37.147.4 On view in:Gallery 17

Heraldic Panel with Arms of the House of Hapsburg

Date: ca. 1504–6 Medium: Pot-metal glass, white glass, vitreous paint, and silver stain Accession: 37.147.1 On view in:Gallery 17