Art/ Collection/ Art Object

The Virgin and Child in Majesty and the Adoration of the Magi

Artist:
Attributed to the Master of Pedret (Spanish, Catalonia, 12th century)
Date:
ca. 1100
Geography:
Made in Lerida, Catalonia, Spain
Culture:
Catalan
Medium:
Fresco, transferred to canvas
Dimensions:
Overall (a-c): 127 x 233 1/4 in. (322.6 x 592.5 cm) Overall (d): 36 1/2 x 17 3/4 in. (92.7 x 45.1 cm) Overall (e): 33 1/4 x 18 1/2 in. (84.5 x 47 cm) Overall (f): 43 x 17 in. (109.2 x 43.2 cm) Overall (g): 57 1/4 x 18 3/4 in. (145.4 x 47.6 cm) Overall (h): 46 3/4 x 20 1/4 in. (118.7 x 51.4 cm) Overall (i): 53 x 20 1/4 in. (134.6 x 51.4 cm) Overall (j): 42 x 20 in. (106.7 x 50.8 cm) Overall (k): 44 x 17 1/4 in. (111.8 x 43.8 cm) Overall (l): 45 1/4 x 14 in. (114.9 x 35.6 cm)
Classification:
Paintings-Fresco
Credit Line:
The Cloisters Collection, 1950
Accession Number:
50.180a-l
On view at The Met Cloisters in Gallery 2
In this fresco, the Magi approach the Virgin and Child, not in a manger but enthroned in majesty and in the company of archangels. Mounted in the apse from Fuentidueña, this fresco originally came from a different site, the apse of the church of the Virgin near Tredòs, nestled in the Pyrenees, near the border between Spain and France. Despite its remote location, the church occupies a strategic position in the mountains, at the head of the Garonne River. In the twelfth century, it was controlled by the Knights Templar, then a wealthy military order dedicated to the protection of the Holy Land and to the Christian reconquest of Spain. The church is one of several in Catalonia where the same accomplished artist worked. The church of the Virgin was sacked in 1936, during the Spanish Civil War. Subsequently, its frescoes were acquired by museums and private collectors, while other objects from the church disappeared entirely.
Inscription: (left to right) MIHAEL / MELHIOR / BALDASAR / GAS / PA[R] / GABRIEL; (on Gabriel's scroll) POSTVL ACIVIS (declaration)
From the church of Era Mare de Diu de Cap d’Aran, near Tredòs, Spain; Paul O. Berliz, New York (sold 1950)
Spanish Medieval Art: A Loan Exhibition in Honor of Dr. Walter W.S. Cook. New York: Institute of Fine Arts Alumni Association, 1954. no. 58.

Rorimer, James J. "A XII Century Fresco from the Pyrenees." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 13, no. 6 (February 1955). p. 186, 188-190.

Deuchler, Florens. "The Cloisters: Ein Museum für mittelalterliche Kunst in New York." Du 32, no. 2 (1972). p. 101.

Rorimer, James J. Medieval Monuments at The Cloisters: As They Were and As They Are, edited by Katherine Serrell Rorimer. Revised ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1972. p. 38-44, fig. 41-52.

Baetjer, Katharine. European Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art by artists born in or before 1865: A summary catalogue. Vol. 1. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1980. p. 120.

Baetjer, Katharine. European Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art by artists born in or before 1865: A summary catalogue. Vol. 2. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1980. p. 187.

Husband, Timothy B., and Charles T. Little. Europe in the Middle Ages. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1987. no. 55, pp. 62-63.

Ainaud de Lasarte, Juan. Catalan Painting: Volume 1, The Fascination of Romanesque. New York: Skira, 1990. pp. 70–71.

Baetjer, Katharine. European Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art by artists born in or before 1895: A summary catalogue. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1995. p. 144.

Barnet, Peter, and Nancy Y. Wu. The Cloisters: Medieval Art and Architecture. New York and New Haven: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2005. no. 13, pp. 40, 193.

Romanesque Art Guide. 4th ed. Barcelona: Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya, 2005. p. 43.

Norris, Michael. Medieval Art: A Resource for Educators. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2005. p. 79, fig. 27.

Pagès i Paretas, Montserrat. "Es pintures romaniques de Santa Maria de Cap d'Aran." In Miscellanèa en aumenatge a Melquíades Calzado de Castro: "Damb eth còr aranés". Lleida: Pagès Editors, 2010. pp. 317–31.

Barnet, Peter, and Nancy Y. Wu. The Cloisters: Medieval Art and Architecture. 75th Anniversary ed. New York and New Haven: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2012. p. 37.



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