Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Reliquary Cross

Date:
ca. 1180
Geography:
Made in Limoges, France
Culture:
French
Medium:
Silver gilt, rock crystal, glass cabochons; wood core
Dimensions:
Overall (w/ tang): 11 3/4 x 4 15/16 x 1 in. (29.8 x 12.5 x 2.5 cm) Overall (w/o tang): 10 x 4 15/16 x 1 in. (25.4 x 12.5 x 2.5 cm)
Classification:
Metalwork-Silver
Credit Line:
Purchase, Michel David-Weill Gift, The Cloisters Collection, and Mme. Robert Gras Gift, in memory of Dr. Robert Gras, 2002
Accession Number:
2002.18
On view at The Met Cloisters in Gallery 14
Twelfth-century churchmen and the nobility in central France prided themselves on their devotion to the scared sites of the Holy Land. Relics from that region, alternating with more than sixty "gems" of colored glass, are set like jewels on this cross. Identified by inscriptions along the sides, they include a fragment of wood believed to be from the cross on which Jesus died, relics of his tomb, and relics of the Virgin Mary, the Holy Innocents, and early deacons of the Church.
Inscription: On the proper right side of the shaft, running up: De sepulcro dñi; De sepulcro be Marie
On the proper left side of the shaft, running down: S hermetis mi: capilli sci stephi.m
Over the proper right arm: De innocentib
Over the proper left arm: S apollinaris, obscured by a strip of metal engraved: S vincenci
Under the proper left arm: De calvarie
Under the proper right arm: De nativitate dñi
Probably from the Abbey of Grandmont, France; Félix Doistau 1846–1936, Paris ; [private collection sale, Hôtel Drouot, Paris (December 19-20, 1919, no. 202)] ; Professor Augustin Gilbert, Paris (sold 1927) ; [his sale, Hôtel Drouot, Paris (November 29-December 1, 1927, no. 16)] ; [ Brimo de Laroussilhe, Paris (from 1927)] ; Withney collection ; [Collection de Monsieur X sale, Hôtel Drouot, Paris (June 20, 1961, no. 13) ; [sale, Le Mans(April 3, 1963)] ; [ Brimo de Laroussilhe, Paris (sold 2002)]
de Goy, Pierre. "Au Musée de Bourges." Mémoires de la Société des antiquaires du Centre, 1907-1908 31 (1909). p. 193-94.

Brimo de Laroussilhe. Sculptures et objets d'art précieux du XIIe au XVIe siècle. Paris: Brimo de Laroussilhe, 1993. no. 3, pp. 30-35.

Gaborit-Chopin, Danielle. "La Croix de la Roche-Foulques." Bulletin de la Société nationale des antiquaires de France, 1992 (1994). p. 421, n. 22.

Apollo. "A Selection of 2002 Museum Acquisitions." Apollo: The International Magazine for Collectors 156 (December 2002).

Dandridge, Pete. "Reconsidering a Romanesque Reliquary Cross." Met Objectives: Treatment and Research Notes 4, no. 1 (Fall 2002). pp. 5-7, fig. 8-11.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Recent Acquisitions: A Selection, 2001-2002." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 60, no. 2 (Fall 2002). p. 12.

Barnet, Peter, and Nancy Y. Wu. The Cloisters: Medieval Art and Architecture. New York and New Haven: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2005. no. 26, pp. 57, 194.

Moore, Susan. "Objects of Devotion." Art + Auction 27, no. 7 (March 2005). ill. p. 108.

Boehm, Barbara Drake. "Une Croix Reliquaire au Musée du Berry." Revue des Musées de France: Revue du Louvre 56, no. 4 (2006). pp. 28-37.

Barnet, Peter. "Recent Acquisitions (1999-2008) of Medieval Art at the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Cloisters, New York: Supplement." The Burlington Magazine 150, no. 1268 (November 2008). p. 795, fig. VII.

Bagnoli, Martina, Holger A. Klein, C. Griffith Mann, and James Robinson, ed. Treasures of Heaven: Saints, Relics, and Devotion in Medieval Europe. Cleveland, Baltimore, and London: Cleveland Museum of Art, 2010. no. 48, pp. 89–90.

Barnet, Peter, and Nancy Y. Wu. The Cloisters: Medieval Art and Architecture. 75th Anniversary ed. New York and New Haven: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2012. p. 55.



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