Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object
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Chalice

Date:
ca. 1230–50
Geography:
Made in probably Freiburg im Breisgau, Upper Rhineland, Germany
Culture:
German
Medium:
Silver, gilded silver, niello, and jewels
Dimensions:
Overall: 8 x 6 7/8 in. (20.3 x 17.5 cm)
Classification:
Metalwork-Silver
Credit Line:
The Cloisters Collection, 1947
Accession Number:
47.101.26
On view at The Met Cloisters in Gallery 14
This chalice is one of an ensemble containing some of the elements needed for the celebration of the Eucharist: the paten for the bread (acc. no. 47.101.27), the chalice to hold the wine, and, exceptionally, a straw to sip the wine (acc. no. 47.101.28). The decoration of this chalice juxtaposes scenes from the life of Christ with those of Old Testament events that were considered to prefigure the New. The twelve apostles encircle the bowl of the chalice. The representation of Saint Trudpert on the paten indicates that the ensemble was made for the monastery dedicated to him near Freiburg im Breisgau, where he was martyred.
Inscription: (on foot, in niello on silver band, around medallions)
1.(Moses and Burning Bush) NON ARDENS RVB[US] ANGELICI RESERACIO [REVELACIO?] VERBI

2.(Aaron's rod) F[LO]RIDA VIRGA NVCEM FERT VIRGO CVNCTA FERENTEM

3.(Noah's ark) ARCHA NOE P[RO] DILVVIO PAPTISMA FIGVRA

4.(Brazen Serpent) SERPENS IN LIGNO XRM [CHRISTUM] NOTAT I[N] CRVCEM PASSVM

(around rim of base, in incised letters) QVI MANDVCAT CARNEM MEAM ET BIBIT SANGVINEM MEVM IN ME MANET [ET] EGO IN EO DICIT DOMINVS
From the Benedictine monastery of Saint Trudpert at Münstertal, near Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany.; Alexander Petrovich Basilevsky, Paris (by 1878–1885) ; State Hermitage Museum(from 1885) ; [ Rosenberg & Stiebel, New York (1930s–sold half interest 1941 and 1942)] ; [ Brummer Gallery, Paris and New York (1941–sold 1947) ]
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