Altar Predella and Socle of Archbishop Don Dalmau de Mur y Cervelló
Francí Gomar (Spanish, Aragon, active by 1443–died ca. 1492/3)
Made in Saragossa, Aragon, Spain
Overall: 33 x 29 3/4 in. (83.8 x 75.6 cm)
Rogers Fund, 1914
On view at The Met Cloisters in Gallery 16
This massive structure, extending across five bays on two levels, was commissioned by don Dalmau de Mur y Cervelló, archbishop of Saragossa from 1434 to 1458/9, for an altar in the chapel of the archiepiscopal palace. The upper level (intended as the predella for the altarpiece or retable) contains five scenes: Saint Martin or Tours dividing his coat with a beggar and Christ appearing to him in a dream (left panels); the Descent of the Holy Spirit (center panel); and Saint Thecla listening to the preaching of Paul (far right panel) and, after her conversion, being saved by divine intervention from burning fire (second panel from right). Each of the two outer panels on the lower left (or socle) shows a bearded figure carrying the coat of arms of the archbishop. The central shield on the reconstructed altar, festooned against a cross, depicts the Arma Christi (the instruments associated with the Crucifixion).
The structure is made of alabaster, a soft yet compact stone with a translucent glow. The workability of the material allowed the sculptor, Francí Gomar, to create exquisite details. Only a few traces of the original painting and gilding remain. According to a 1458 contract, the painter Tomás Giner (active 1458-80) was commissioned to paint and gild panels intended to stand above the predella. The unusual combination of painted altarpieces with a stone predella may have been necessary measure to speed completion of the ensemble before the archbishop's death.
From the chapel of the archbishop's palace at Zaragossa; Bernheimer(until 1914)
Janke, R. Steven. "The Retable of Don Dalmau de Mur y Cervello from the Archbishop's Palace at Saragossa: A Documented Work by Franci Gomar and Tomas Giner." Metropolitan Museum Journal 18 (1983). pp. 65-80, fig. 1-4, 6, 8, 10-11.
Barnet, Peter, and Nancy Y. Wu. The Cloisters: Medieval Art and Architecture. New York and New Haven: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2005. no. 93, pp. 131–32, 198.
Pardo, Francisco Fernández. Dispersión y Destrucción del Patrimonio Artístico Español. Vol. 3. 1st ed. Madrid: Fundación Universitaria Española, 2007. fig. LXXIV.
Barnet, Peter, and Nancy Y. Wu. The Cloisters: Medieval Art and Architecture. 75th Anniversary ed. New York and New Haven: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2012. pp. 138–39.