Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Chalice

Date:
1462
Culture:
Southeastern European
Medium:
Gilded silver, filigree enamel, pearls
Dimensions:
Overall: 8 7/16 x 5 1/2 in. (21.5 x 14 cm) diam. of cup: 4 3/16 in. (10.6 cm)
Classification:
Metalwork-Silver
Credit Line:
Gift of The Salgo Trust for Education, New York, in memory of Nicolas M. Salgo, 2010
Accession Number:
2010.109.6
Not on view
High-ranking church officials would have used this flamboyant Gothic chalice on special occasions, and the object’s colorful and glittering appearance would have been in divine harmony with the multicolored sunlight coming through the stained glass windows. The grandeur of the delicate filigree enameling became associated with the term modo transilvano, or, “in the Transylvanian fashion.” Along with bejeweled examples, ostentatiously colorful, enameled chalices, such as this one, were the pride of church treasuries in Central and Southeastern Europe and Northern Italy, including Venice, which had a common border with the fifteenth-century Hungarian Kingdom. The majority of ecclesiastical silver was destroyed during the Reformation in the sixteenth- century. The chalice bears the date 1462 and names the otherwise unknown donor Nicolas Cynowec. The object itself is equally illustrious as its distinguished provenance, from the collection of Baron Nathaniel de Rothschild in Vienna.
Inscription: The cup engraved in gothic lettering, calix / an[an]o d[omi]n[i]m* / cccc* / lxii / Nicolay / Cynowec (The chalice in the year of the Lord, 1462, from Nicolas Cynowec).
Baron Nathaniel Mayer Anselm von Rothschild, Vienna; Thomas F. Flannery, Jr. (1926–1980), Chicago (sold 1983); [ Sotheby's, New York(December 1, 1983, no. 259)]; Nicolas M. Salgo (Budapest 1914–2005 Bal Harbour)(1983–2005); Salgo Trust for Education(2005–2010)
Rowe, Donald F. Enamels: the XII to the XVI century, a Special Exhibition at the Martin D'Arcy Gallery of Art. Chicago: Martin D'Arcy Gallery of Art, Loyola University of Chicago, 1970. no. 20, n.p.

Rowe, Donald F. "A 'George in Gold' and Enamels in Chicago Collections." Apollo 95 (June 1972). p. 472, fig. 10.

Thomas F. Flannery Jr. Collection: Medieval and Later Works of Art. London: Sotheby Parke Bernet & Co., December 1–2, 1983. no. 259, pp. 180–81.

Kolba, Judit H. Hungarian Silver: the Nicolas M. Salgo Collection. London: Thomas Heneage, 1996. no. 2, pp. 22-24.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Recent Acquisitions: A Selection, 2008-2010." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 67, no. 2 (Fall 2010). p. 17, (entry by Barbara Drake Boehm).



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