Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

Evangelists Mark and Luke

ca. 1220–30
Made in Limoges, France
Gilded copper and glass
Overall (Mark .1): 6 7/8 x 4 7/16 x 1 1/4 in. (17.4 x 11.2 x 3.1 cm) Overall (Luke .2): 6 1/2 x 4 3/4 x 1 7/16 in. (16.5 x 12.1 x 3.6 cm)
Credit Line:
Purchase, The Cloisters Collection, Michel David-Weill Gift, and Gifts of J. Pierpont Morgan and George Blumenthal, by exchange, 2012
Accession Number:
2012.70.1, .2
On view at The Met Cloisters in Gallery 14
Intent on their work, Saints Mark and Luke pen extraordinary messages based in medieval theology rather than the text of their gospels. Mark links belief in the Resurrection of Jesus to the medieval legend that the lion breathes life into stillborn cubs three days after their birth. Saint Luke acknowledges that his task is divinely inspired.
Both highly sculptural and delicately engraved, these figures likely come from the high altar of the abbey of Grandmont, near Limoges. When it was destroyed during the French Revolution, a few fine elements were spared, apparently by a local copper smelter.
Probably from the High Altar at Grandmont; Frédéric Spitzer d. 1890, Paris (until d. 1890) ; his sale, Chevallier and Mannheim, Paris (April 17-June 16, 1893, nos. 251 and 254) ; Aimé Desmottes, Lille and Paris (sold 1900) ; his sale, Hôtel Drouot, Paris (March 19-23, 1900, nos. 35-36) ; Charles Gillot and his descendants, Paris (1900–sold 2008) ; sale, Ancienne Collection Charles Gillot, Christie's, Paris(March 4-5, 2008, no. 196) ; [ Brimo de Laroussilhe, Paris (sold 2012)]
Mannheim, Jules. "L'Exposition Rétrospective d'Objets d'Art Français au Palais du Trocadéro." L'art: Revue hebdomadaire illustrée 15, no. 2 (1889). ill. p. 81.

La Collection Spitzer: Antiquité, Moyen-Age, Renaissance. Vol. I. Mâcon: Imprimerie Protat Frères, 1890–1891. no. Orfèvrerie religieuse 39, 43, pp. 104-5.

Spitzer, Frédéric, ed. La Collection Spitzer: Antiquité -- Moyen-Age -- Renaissance. Vol. 1. Paris: Maison Quantin, 1890–1893. no. Orfèvrerie religieuse 39, 43, pp. 110-111, ill. in text.

Catalogue des objets d'art et de haute curiosité: antiques, du moyen-âge & de la renaissance: composant l'importante et précieuse Collection Spitzer. Vol. 1. Paris: Chevallier and Mannheim, April 17–June 16, 1893. no. 247, 251, pp. 45-46, pl. IX.

Catalogue des objets d'art et de haute curiosité [...] collection de Feu M. Desmottes. Paris: Hôtel Drouot, March 19-23, 1900. no. 35–36, p. 13.

Molinier, Émile. L'orfèvrerie religieuse et civile du Ve à la fin du XVe siècle. Histoire générale des arts appliqués à l'industrie, Vol. 4. Paris: E. Levy, 1902. p. 183, ill. St. Luke.

Favreau, Robert. Les inscriptions médiévales. Typologie des sources du Moyen Age occidental, Vol. 35. Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols, 1979. p. 89 n. 48.

Favreau, Robert. "Epigraphie et Miniatures." Journal des Savants 1, no. 1 (1993). p. 72.

Boehm, Barbara Drake, and Elisabeth Taburet-Delahaye, ed. Enamels of Limoges, 1100-1350. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1996. pp. 36, 296.

Carlier, Marie-Amélie. Art Medieval: Exposition à l’occasion du centenaire de Brimo de Laroussilhe. Paris: Brimo de Laroussilhe, 2008. no. 13, pp. 60-69.

Barnet, Peter, and Nancy Y. Wu. The Cloisters: Medieval Art and Architecture. 75th Anniversary ed. New York and New Haven: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2012. p. 72.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Recent Acquisitions: A Selection, 2011-2012." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 70, no. 2 (Fall 2012). p. 17.

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