Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

Up the Hudson

Artist:
George Bellows (American, Columbus, Ohio 1882–1925 New York)
Date:
1908
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
35 7/8 x 48 1/8 in. (91.1 x 122.2 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Gift of Hugo Reisinger, 1911
Accession Number:
11.17
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 769
Between 1908 and 1912 Bellows painted a series of landscapes focusing on life by the Hudson River in New York City that were praised by critics for their ruggedness and "vigorous manner." In Up the Hudson, a scene of Riverside Park under construction with a view of the Palisades, the artist used an aerial perspective and a palette of soft, subtle colors to depict urban progress.
Inscription: Signed (lower right): Geo. Bellows
the artist, New York (1908–11; sold in April 1911, for $300, to Reisinger); Hugo Reisinger, New York (1911; his gift to MMA)

New York. National Academy Museum. "Winter Exhibition," December 12, 1908–January 9, 1909, no. 65.

Venice. Biennale. "VIII Esposizione Internazionale d'Arte," April 22–October 31, 1909, no. 2.

City Club of New York. 1910.

Detroit Institute of Arts. "Circuit Exhibition of Contemporary Art of the National Arts Club," February 11–March 10, 1911, no. 2.

New York. The National Academy Galleries. "Our Heritage: Painting, Sculpture, Architecture, Graphic Art," January 8–February 7, 1942, no. 245.

New York. Young Men's Christian Association, West Side. February 24–September 2, 1947, no catalogue.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "20th Century Painters: A Special Exhibition of Oils, Water Colors and Drawings Selected from the Collections of American Art in the Metropolitan Museum," June 16–October 29, 1950, unnum. brochure (p. 3).

National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C. "George Bellows: A Retrospective Exhibition," January 19–February 24, 1957, no. 7 (dated April 1908).

Columbus, Oh. Columbus Gallery of Fine Arts. "Paintings by George Bellows," March 21–April 21, 1957, no. 5.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Three Centuries of American Painting," April 9–October 17, 1965, unnum. checklist.

Leningrad. State Hermitage Museum. "100 Paintings from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," May 22–July 27, 1975, no. 99.

Moscow. Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts. "100 Paintings from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," August 28–November 2, 1975.

Moscow. State Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts. "Representations of America," December 15, 1977–February 15, 1978, no catalogue.

Leningrad. State Hermitage Museum. "Representations of America," March 15–May 15, 1978, no catalogue.

Minsk, Belarus. Palace of Art. "Representations of America," June 15–August 15, 1978, no catalogue.

Columbus Museum of Art, Columbus, Ohio. "George Wesley Bellows: Paintings, Drawings, and Prints," April 1–May 8, 1979, no. 10.

Richmond. Virginia Museum. "George Wesley Bellows: Paintings, Drawings, and Prints," June 29–August 5, 1979, no. 10.

Des Moines Art Center. "George Wesley Bellows: Paintings, Drawings, and Prints," September 17–October 28, 1979, no. 10.

Worcester Art Museum. "George Wesley Bellows: Paintings, Drawings, and Prints," November 16–December 28, 1979, no. 10.

Macon, Ga. Museum of Arts and Sciences. "George Bellows: The Personal Side," March 16–May 6, 1984, unnumbered cat. (fig. 24).

Shizuoka Prefectural Museum of Art. "Landscape Painting in the East and West," April 19–June 1, 1986, no. 38.

Kobe City Museum. "Landscape Painting in the East and West," June 7–July 13, 1986, no. 38.

Roslyn Harbor, N. Y. Nassau County Museum of Art. "Landscape of America: The Hudson River School to Abstract Expressionism," November 10, 1991–February 9, 1992, unnumbered cat. (p. 39).

West Palm Beach, Fla. Norton Museum of Art. "George Bellows: Love of Winter," December 6, 1997–February 8, 1998, no. 3.

Newark Museum. "George Bellows: Love of Winter," March 7–May 31, 1998, no. 3.

Savannah, Ga. Jepson Center for the Arts, Telfair Museums. "George Bellows and Riverside Park: Celebrating a Telfair Masterpiece," February 12–May 1, 2011.

"Sargent's Portraits at Academy Show." New York Times (December 14, 1908), p. 8, discusses how the inclusion of the figures and railroad in the scene make it more vital and interesting than typical landscapes of mountains and rivers.

James B. Townsend. "Winter Academy Display." American Art News 7 (December 12, 1908), p. 7, ill. p. 3.

"Academy Landscapes." Evening Post 107 (December 16, 1908), p. 9, calls it "one of the most interesting landscapes" in Exh. New York 1908-9; notes that it was painted near 125th Street in New York and praises the vitality of the boat, trees and water in the painting despite the "heavy" color palette.

Arthur Hoeber. "The Winter Exhibition of The National Academy of Design." International Studio 36 (February 1909), p. cxxxvi, ill. p. cxxxviii, calls it "Up the Hudson" in the text and "Up the River" in the caption; describes this work as portrayed in a, "frank almost brutal manner, bubbling over, nevertheless, with animation and life".

Giles Edgerton. "What Does the National Academy of Design Stand For?" Craftsman 15 (February 1909), p. 522.

B[ryson]. B[urroughs]. "Recent Accessions." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 6 (March 1911), pp. 67-68, ill., states that donor Hugo Reisinger considered this painting the best work by Bellows to date.

"George Bellows, An Artist with 'Red Blood'." Current Literature 53 (September 1912), p. 342, ill.

Robert G. McIntyre. "George Bellows: An Appreciation." Art and Progress 3 (August 1912), p. 682, ill. p. 681.

Charles L. Buchanan. "George Bellows: Painter of Democracy." Arts and Decoration 4 (August 1914), p. 371.

Bessie Laub. "The Art Corner: Art of George Bellows." Courier-Journal (March 18, 1917), p. 3, ill.

"The Exhibition of the Paintings of George Bellows, N.A., at the Albright Art Gallery." Academy Notes 14 (January–October 1919), p. 132.

Louis H. Frohman. "Bellows as an Illustrator." International Studio 78 (February 1924), p. 422, as "Up Hudson".

Ralph Flint. "Bellows and His Art." International Studio 81 (May 1925), p. 81.

E. V. Lucas. "George Wesley Bellows." Ladies' Home Journal 43 (April 1926), pp. 13, 142, ill. p. 12.

Louise Upton. "Recent Exhibitions of the Works of Ivan Mestrovic and George W. Bellows." Museum Graphic, Los Angeles Museum 1 (September–October 1926), p. 7.

Emma S. Bellows. The Paintings of George Bellows. New York, 1929, pl. 16.

Alan Burroughs. Limners and Likenesses: Three Centuries of American Painting. Cambridge, Mass., 1936, p. 209.

Peyton Boswell, Jr. George Bellows. New York, 1942, pp. 15–16, ill. p. 92 (color).

Frank Seiberling, Jr. "George Bellows, 1882-1925, His Life and Development as an Artist." PhD diss., University of Chicago, 1948, pp. 37, 207.

George Bellows: A Retrospective Exhibition. Exh. cat., Washington, D.C. National Gallery of Art. Washington, D.C., 1957, no. 7, ill. p. 42, notes that it was painted in August 1919 from sketches made at the annual tennis tournament at the Casino in Newport, Rhode Island.

Henry Geldzahler. American Painting in the Twentieth Century. New York, 1965, pp. 38–40, ill.

Charles H. Morgan. George Bellows: "Painter of America". New York, 1965, p. 85-86, 88, 131-32, ill. p. 314, compares this work to other paintings of rivers, noting that the canvas was restretched several times by Bellows; states that Reisinger purchased it in April 1911.

Donald Braider. George Bellows and the Ashcan School of Painting. Garden City, N.Y., 1971, pp. 45, 70, calls it "Up the River".

Mahonri Sharp Young. The Paintings of George Bellows. New York, 1973, p. 38, colorpl. 9.

Harold Spencer. "Criehaven: A Bellows Pastoral." William Benton Museum of Art Bulletin 1, no. 5 (1977), p. 20.

Marshall B. Davidson. The American Wing: A Guide. New York, 1980, p. 103, fig. 66.

Trinkett Clark in Bellows, The Boxing Pictures. Exh. cat., National Gallery of Art. Washington, D.C., 1982, p. 103.

Seaver Leslie. "Bellows Knockout Action Captures Symmetry Title." Art/World 6 (May 21–June 18, 1982), p. 5.

Patricia Phagan. George Bellows: The Personal Side. Exh. cat., Museum of Arts and Sciences. Macon, Ga., 1984, p. 9, fig. 24.

Lisa Messinger in Landscape Painting in the East and West. Exh. cat., Shizuoka Prefectural Museum of Art. [Shizuoka–ken], 1986, pp. 98, 293, 360, no. 38, ill.

Ann Dumas in Landscape Painting in the East and West. Exh. cat., Shizuoka Prefectural Museum of Art. [Shizuoka-Ken], 1986, p. 314.

Lowery Stokes Sims in The Landscape in Twentieth-Century American Art. Exh. cat., Philbrook Museum of Art, Tulsa, Okla. New York, 1991, p. 64, fig. 7.

Constance Schwartz. Landscape of America: The Hudson River School to Abstract Expressionism. Exh. cat., Nassau County Museum of Art. Roslyn Harbor, N.Y., 1991, pp. 37, 74, ill. p. 39.

Marianne Doezema in The Paintings of George Bellows. Exh. cat., Amon Carter Museum, Fort Worth, Tex. New York, 1992, p. 107.

Michael Quick in The Paintings of George Bellows. Exh. cat., Amon Carter Museum, Fort Worth, Tex. New York, 1992, pp. 15–16, 21.

Jane Myers in The Paintings of George Bellows. Exh. cat., Amon Carter Museum, Fort Worth, Tex. New York, 1992, pp. 187, 241-42.

Franklin Kelly in The Paintings of George Bellows. Exh. cat., Amon Carter Museum, Fort Worth, Tex. New York, 1992, p. 136, fig. 1.

Marianne Doezema. George Bellows and Urban America. New Haven, 1992, pp. 55, 58, 60, 206 n. 61, p. 208 n. 96, fig. 27, colorpl. 6, states that Lucy Belloli, MMA conservator, discovered that all four margins of this canvas had been reduced and expanded over time, resulting in a net increase of 2.5 inches at the top and a decrease of 1.25 inches at the bottom; also notes that archival documents show that Bellows' roommate, Edward Keefe, remembered helping the artist "cut down" this work in 1909; notes that the different dimensions can be traced in reproductions of this work in Refs. Hoeber 1908, American Art News 1908, Burroughs 1911; suggests that Bellows changed the axis of the composition after Exh. New York 1908.

John Wilmerding in George Bellows: Love of Winter. Exh. cat., Norton Museum of Art. West Palm Beach, Fla., 1997, p. 20.

David Setford in George Bellows: Love of Winter. Exh. cat., Norton Museum of Art. West Palm Beach, Fla., 1997, pp. 34-35, 38-40, 60, no. 3, ill. pp. 61 (color), p. 112 (chronological checklist no. 5), fig. 24.

Elizabeth Athens in H. Barbara Weinberg. American Impressionism and Realism: A Landmark Exhibition from the Met. Exh. cat., Queensland Art Gallery. New York, 2009, pp. 87, 328 no. 12, ill. p. 86 (color).

H. Barbara Weinberg. American Impressionism & Realism. Exh. cat., Queensland Art Gallery, Brisbane. New York, NY, 2009, p. 28.

John Fagg. On the Cusp: Stephen Crane, George Bellows, and Modernism. Tuscaloosa, Ala., 2009, pp. 99-101.

Carol Troyen in George Bellows. Exh. cat., National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C. Washington, D.C., 2012, pp. 106, 108, 110, 305, fig. 3 (color).



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