Colonel Milan Pribićević, a hero of the Serbian army in the Balkan Wars, visited the United States in the winter of 1916-17 to recruit volunteers for the cause. Hoffman met Pribićević in New York City through her sister, Helen Draper, a board member of the New York chapter of the American Red Cross. Hoffman modeled two portraits of Pribićević. The first, smaller bust represented him in military uniform. A Modern Crusader, which followed, also shows him in uniform, with epaulets and an ensign on his chest and with a woolen knitted helmet covering his head and framing his strong features.
Inscription: Signed (right side of base): MALVINA HOFFMAN
Marking: Foundry mark (back of base): ROMAN BRONZE WORKS INC. N–Y–
Mrs. E. H. Harriman, New York (1918; her gift to MMA)
Terre Haute, Ind. Sheldon Swope Art Gallery. January–July 1948, no catalogue.
"Sculpture, Sketches, and Prints on View: Art at Home and Abroad." New York Times (July 14, 1918), p. 59 (unknown cast), calls it "The Modern Crusader".
Malvina Hoffman. Heads and Tales. New York, 1936, p. 128, ill. p. 124, calls it "Modern Crusader".
Albert TenEyck Gardner. American Sculpture: A Catalogue of the Collection of The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1965, p. 158.
Janis Conner and Joel Rosenkranz. Rediscoveries in American Sculpture: Studio Works, 1893–1939. Austin, 1989, p. 56, call it "Modern Crusader".
Joan M. Marter inAmerican Sculpture in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Ed. Thayer Tolles. Vol. 2, A Catalogue of Works by Artists Born between 1865 and 1885. New York and New Haven, 2001, pp. 738–39, no. 368, ill.
Janis Conner. "The Ethereal Icon: Malvina Hoffman's Worshipful Imagery of Anna Pavlova." Perspectives on American Sculpture before 1925. Ed. Thayer Tolles. New York, 2003, pp. 130–31, fig. 104.