After studying painting at a traditional art school, Albers entered the Bauhaus in 1920 as an older student, and the school's progressive educational ideas served as a catalyst for his creative development. After his first six-month term, Albers disregarded the required class for wall painting, preferring to work in the glass workshop. While there he created colorful, nonobjective glass assemblages that he called "wall glass paintings" because they were "made of opaque glass which is neither transparent nor translucent." These early experiments in glass preface his modernist paintings based on color studies that preoccupied him for much of his later career.
Inscription: Signed, dated, and inscribed (verso): "Pillars"/ Albers/ ca.1928
the artist, Dessau, Germany and Orange, Conn. (1928–70; sold to MMA)
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Josef Albers at The Metropolitan Museum of Art: An Exhibition of His Paintings and Prints," November 19, 1971–January 11, 1972, no. 2.
New York. Helen Serger / La Boetie, Inc. "Art of the Bauhaus: Artists and Publications," March 20–June 30, 1982, unnumbered cat. (p. 10).
New York. Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum. "Kandinsky: Russian and Bauhaus Years, 1915–1933," December 8, 1983–February 12, 1984, no. 263.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Masterpieces of Modern Design: Selections from the Collection," May 30–October 5, 2008, no catalogue.
Werner Spies. Albers. New York, 1970, pp. 15–16, ill., calls it "Walls and Posts (thermometer style)".
Henry Geldzahler in "Twentieth Century Art." The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Notable Acquisitions, 1965–1975. New York, 1975, p. 213, ill.
Clark V. Poling. Kandinsky: Russian and Bauhaus Years, 1915–1933. Exh. cat., Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum. New York, 1983, p. 75, no. 263, ill. p. 299.
Brenda Danilowitz inJosef Albers: Glass, Color, and Light. Exh. cat., Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum. New York, 1994, unpaginated, no. 24, ill. (color).
Oliver Barker inJosef Albers: Vitraux, dessins, gravures, typographie, meubles. Exh. cat., Musée départemental Matisse du Cateau-Cambrésis. Paris, 2008, ill. p. 19 (color).