Nagoya. Aichi Prefectural Museum of Art. "Jackson Pollock: A Centennial Retrospective," November 11, 2011–January 22, 2012, no. 18.
National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo. "Jackson Pollock: A Centennial Retrospective," February 10–May 6, 2012, no. 18.
Frank O'Hara. Jackson Pollock. New York, 1959, ill. p. 13, calls it "Drawing" and dates it 1938.
Bryan Robertson. Jackson Pollock. New York, 1960, p. 138, pl. 70, calls it "Drawing" and dates it 1938.
Lawrence Alloway. "Jackson Pollock." Paletten 1 (1961), ill. p. 82, calls it "Drawing" and dates it 1938.
Francis V. O'Connor. "The Genesis of Jackson Pollock, 1912 to 1943." PhD diss., Johns Hopkins University, 1965, pp. 196–97, pl. 61 (recto), suggests that Picasso's work from the late 1930s influenced this drawing, particularly the bull image; notes that it anticipates Pollock's paintings of 1943.
Francis Valentine O'Connor and Eugene Victor Thaw, ed. Jackson Pollock: A Catalogue Raisonné of Paintings, Drawings, and Other Works. Vol. 3, Drawings, 1930–1956. New Haven, 1978, p. 145, no. 604, ill., note that the verso has not been examined; assert that the date 1938 is too early.
Tilman Osterwold inJackson Pollock: Zeichnungen. Exh. cat., Württembergischer Kunstverein. Stuttgart, 1990, pp. 10, 17, 71 pls. 10 and 11.
Lisa Mintz Messinger inJackson Pollock: Zeichnungen. Exh. cat., Württembergischer Kunstverein. Stuttgart, 1990, pp. 63–64.
Ben Heller. Jackson Pollock: Black Enamel Paintings. Exh. cat., Gagosian Gallery. New York, 1990, p. 14, no. 14, ill. (recto, color), lists it among the "most visible precursors of the Black Paintings".
Lisa Mintz Messinger. Abstract Expressionism, Works on Paper: Selections from The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exh. cat., High Museum of Art, Atlanta. New York, 1992, pp. 84, 88, 90, fig. 31 (recto, color), dates it ca. 1938; notes that the images reflect influences of Picasso, Klee, Miro, and American Indian art.
Lisa Messinger. Abstract Expressionism: Works on Paper, Selections from The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exh. cat., National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, 1995, p. 75, no. 42, ill. (recto and verson, color), dates it ca. 1938–42.
W. Jackson Rushing. Native American Art and the New York Avant–Garde: A History of Cultural Primitivism. Austin, 1995, pp. 174–75, fig. 6–4, calls it an untitled page from a sketchbook, ca. 1938–42; tentatively cites it as one of the earliest examples of Native American influence in Pollock's work.