Together with Ramon Casas, Rusiñol (1861-1931) is the best known of the artists who founded the Barcelona café Els Quatre Gats. From 1890 to 1894 he lived in Paris, where he shared a Montmartre studio with Casas, frequented the famed bohemian café Le Chat Noir, and headed the community of Catalan expatriates in Paris. His stylish figurative paintings, with socially conscious subject matter, were a key model for Picasso during his years in Barcelona.
Inscription: Signed in ink, lower left: - P. Ruiz Picasso -
Santiago Juliá, Barcelona (by 1955); C. Michael Paul, New York (until d. 1980); his sister, Dr. Raymonde Paul, New York (1980–82; her gift to MMA)
Barcelona. Els Quatre Gats. "Exhibitions of Drawings by Pablo Picasso," February 1900, no catalogue [possibly this picture].
Barcelona. Palacio de la Virreina y Museo de Arte Moderno. "III Bienal Hispanoamericana de Arte: Forerunners and Masters of Contemporary Spanish Art," September 24–October 24, 1955, no. 23.
Kunstmuseum Bern. "Der Junge Picasso: Frühwerk und Blaue Periode," December 6, 1984–February 17, 1985, no. 87.
Charleroi. Palais des Beaux-Arts. "Picasso, Miró, Dalí: Évocations d'Espagne," September 24–December 22, 1985, no. 10.
Barcelona. Museu Picasso. "Picasso i els 4 Gats: La clau de la modernidad," November 1995–February 1996, no. 85.
Cleveland Museum of Art. "Barcelona and Modernity: Picasso, Gaudí, Miró, Dalí," October 15, 2006–January 7, 2007, no. 3:16.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Barcelona and Modernity: Picasso, Gaudí, Miró, Dalí," March 6–June 3, 2007, no. 3:16.
Amsterdam. Van Gogh Museum. "Barcelona 1900," September 21, 2007–January 20, 2008, unnumbered cat. (p. 149).
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Picasso in The Metropolitan Museum of Art," April 27–August 1, 2010, no. 6.
Rodriguez Codolà. "Els IV Gats: Exposicion Ruiz Picazzo [sic]." La Vanguardia (February 3, 1900), (2006 ed., pp. 265-66).
Josep Palau i Fabre. Picasso en Cataluña. Barcelona, 1966, pp. 66, 238, fig. 31.
Christian Zervos. Pablo Picasso. Vol. 21, Supplément aux anneés 1892-1902. Paris, 1969, p. 44, no. 111, ill.
Jane Fluegel inPablo Picasso: A Retrospective. Ed. William Rubin. Exh. cat., Museum of Modern Art, New York. New York, 1980, p. 19, fig.c.
Josep Palau i Fabre. Picasso, Barcelona, Catalunya. Barcelona, 1981, p. 48, ill.
Josep Palau i Fabre. Picasso: The Early Years, 1881–1907. New York, 1981, pp. 191, 529, no. 435, ill.
Lisa Messinger. "Picasso Portrait Drawings: Barcelona 1899–1900." Drawing: The International Review published by the Drawing Society 8 (November 1986), p. 75, fig.4.
Elizabeth Cowling. Picasso Portraits. Exh. cat., National Portrait Gallery, London. London, 2016, pp. 41, 234, no. 24, ill. p. 40 (color).