After training and exhibiting his art in Paris, Chagall returned to his hometown Vitebsk in 1914 to marry his childhood sweetheart Bella Rosenfeld. His homecoming was prolonged by World War I (1914–18), during which international travel became restricted. Showing a public square, The Markeplace contrasts the large, opulent Baroque basilica with the modest storefronts and stalls. The painter employs dramatic perspective and uses the intersecting planes and angles of the buildings to move the viewer’s eye playfully throughout the scene, which contains no clear sign of the ongoing deadly conflict.
[Galerie Lutz & Co., Berlin, until 1922; sold in fall 1922 to Thayer]; Scofield Thayer, Vienna and New York (1922–d. 1982; on extended loan to the Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, Mass., as part of the Dial Collection, 1942–82; his bequest to MMA)
New York. Montross Gallery. "Original Paintings, Drawings, and Engravings Being Exhibited with the Dial Folio 'Living Art'," January 26–February 14, 1924, unnum. checklist.
Worcester Art Museum. "Exhibition of the Dial Collection of Paintings, Engravings, and Drawings by Contemporary Artists," March 5–30, 1924, no. 6 (as "Market Place").
Northampton, Mass. Hillyer Art Gallery, Smith College. "The Dial Collection," Spring 1924, no catalogue.
Museum of Modern Art, New York. "Marc Chagall," April 9–June 16, 1946, no. 22 (as "The Market Place," lent anonymously, through the courtesy of the Worcester Museum).
Art Institute of Chicago. "Marc Chagall," October 24–December 15, 1946, no. 22.
Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. "Chagall and de Chirico," April 3–May 1, 1955, no. 43 (as "The Market Place," ca. 1917, lent anonymously through the Worcester Art Museum).
Worcester Art Museum. "The Dial and the Dial Collection," April 30–September 8, 1959, no. 17 (as "The Market Place").
Worcester Art Museum. "'The Dial': Arts and Letters in the 1920s," March 7–May 10, 1981, no. 13 (as "The Market Place," ca. 1917).
Canberra. Australian National Gallery. "20th Century Masters from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York," March 1–April 27, 1986, unnumbered cat. (p. 38).
Brisbane. Queensland Art Gallery. "20th Century Masters from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York," May 7–July 1, 1986, unnumbered cat.
Yokohama Museum of Art. "Treasures from The Metropolitan Museum of Art: French Art from the Middle Ages to the Twentieth Century," March 25–June 4, 1989, no. 169.
Jewish Museum, New York. "Russian Jewish Artists in a Century of Change, 1890–1990," September 21, 1995–January 28, 1996, unnumbered cat. (p. 248).
Jewish Museum, New York. "Marc Chagall 1907–1917," March 31–August 4, 1996, not in catalogue (unnumbered checklist; as "The Market Place, Vitebsk").
Louisa Dresser inThe Dial and the Dial Collection. Exh. cat., Worcester Art Museum. Worcester, Mass., 1959, p. 63, no. 17.
Michael Brenson. "Met Museum Given Major Private Collection." New York Times (August 25, 1982), p. A1, ill.
William S. Lieberman. 20th Century Art: Selections from the Collection of The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Vol. 1, Painting: 1905–1945. New York, 1986, pp. 6, 28–29, 63, ill. (color, overall and detail).
Kay Larson. "The Met Goes Modern: Bill Lieberman's Brave New Wing." New York Magazine 19 (December 15, 1986), p. 46, calls it "The Market Place".
Gary Tinterow et al. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Vol. 8, Modern Europe. New York, 1987, p. 128, colorpl. 105.
Kristina Wilson. "Fearing a 'Conservative Public': The Dial Collection in Worcester." American Art 27 (Fall 2013), fig. 2 (installation photo, Exh. Worcester 1924).