Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

Albert Pinkham Ryder

Artist:
Marsden Hartley (American, Lewiston, Maine 1877–1943 Ellsworth, Maine)
Date:
1938
Medium:
Oil on Academy board
Dimensions:
28 x 22in. (71.1 x 55.9cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Edith and Milton Lowenthal Collection, Bequest of Edith Abrahamson Lowenthal, 1991
Accession Number:
1992.24.4
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 901
Having painted a series of dark landscapes inspired by the work of Albert Pinkham Ryder in 1909, Hartley returned to his American artistic hero late in his career. This highly imaginative portrait of Ryder is Hartley’s posthumous tribute to the painter, whose isolated, melancholy existence and financial poverty struck a sympathetic chord in him. In the portrait, Ryder appears frontal and isolated, like a saint or an icon. Hartley also composed a poem and several essays about artist, including one in which he describes the Ryder’s eyebrows as "lichens overhanging rocks of granite."
Inscription: Inscribed (verso, center): Albert Ryder/ seen only at night/ 8th Ave & 15th St/ New York.
the artist (until d. 1943; his estate, from 1943); [Paul Rosenberg, New York]; Edith and Milton Lowenthal, New York (1946–his d. 1987); Edith Lowenthal, New York (1987–d. 1991; her bequest to MMA)

New York. Museum of Modern Art. "Twentieth Century Portraits," December 9, 1942–January 24, 1943, unnumbered cat. (p. 137; lent by the Macbeth Gallery, New York).

Baltimore Museum of Art. "Twentieth Century Portraits," February 12–March 7, 1943, unnumbered cat.

Worcester, Mass. Worcester Art Museum. "Twentieth Century Portraits," March 21–April 18, 1941, unnumbered cat.

Arts Club of Chicago. "Twentieth Century Portraits," May 4–31, 1943, unnumbered cat.

San Francisco. California Palace of the Legion of Honor. "Twentieth Century Portraits," June 14–July 12, 1943, unnumbered cat.

City Art Museum of Saint Louis. "Twentieth Century Portraits," October 1–29, 1943, unnumbered cat.

Flint, Mich. Flint Institute of Arts. "Twentieth Century Portraits," November 20–December 18, 1943, unnumbered cat.

Utica, N.Y. Munson-Williams-Proctor Arts Institute. "Twentieth Century Portraits," January 1–29, 1944, unnumbered cat.

West Palm Beach, Fla. Norton Gallery and School of Art. "Twentieth Century Portraits," February 11–March 10, 1944, unnumbered cat.

Winter Park, Fla. Rollins College. "Twentieth Century Portraits," March 18–April 8, 1944, unnumbered cat.

Museum of Modern Art, New York. "Marsden Hartley," October 24, 1944–January 14, 1945, unnumbered cat. (p. 74; as "Portrait of Albert Pinkham Ryder," 1938–39, lent by the estate of the artist, courtesy of Paul Rosenberg).

New York. Whitney Museum of American Art. "Albert P. Ryder Centenary Exhibition," October 18–November 30, 1947, no. 56.

Baltimore Museum of Art. "Themes and Variations in Painting and Sculpture," April 15–May 23, 1948, no. 8.

New York. Wildenstein Galleries. "Loan Exhibition of Seventy XX Century American Paintings," February 21–March 22, 1952, no. 14.

New York. Whitney Museum of American Art. "Edith and Milton Lowenthal Collection," October 1–November 2, 1952, no. 45.

Minneapolis, Minn. Walker Art Center. "Edith and Milton Lowenthal Collection," November 28, 1952–January 17, 1953, no. 45.

Baltimore Museum of Art. "Man and His Years," October 19–November 21, 1954, no. 72.

New York. Museum of Modern Art. "Paintings from Private Collections: A 25th Anniversary Exhibition," May 31–September 5, 1955, no. 61 (as "Portrait of Albert Pinkham Ryder," 1938–39, lent by Mr. and Mrs. Milton Lowenthal).

Utica, N. Y. Munson-Williams-Proctor Arts Institute. "Portraiture: The 19th and 20th Centuries," March 31–April 21, 1957, no. 19.

Baltimore Museum of Art. "Portraiture: The 19th and 20th Centuries," May 1957, no. 19.

Dallas Museum of Art. "Portraiture: The 19th and 20th Centuries," June 1957, no. 19.

Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center. "Portraiture: The 19th and 20th Centuries," July 1957, no. 19.

Brooklyn Museum. "Face of America: The History of Portraiture in the United States," November 14, 1957–January 26, 1958, no. 84.

San Antonio, Tex. Marion Koogler McNay Art Institute. "Marsden Hartley," December 1–31, 1960, no. 39 (as 1938/39; lent by Mr. and Mrs. Milton Lowenthal).

Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam. "Marsden Hartley," February 3–March 6, 1961, no. 39.

Amerika Haus, Berlin. "Marsden Hartley," March 15–April 6, 1961, no. 39.

Munich. Städtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus. "Marsden Hartley," April 16–May 7, 1961, no. 39.

Amerika Haus, Stuttgart. "Marsden Hartley," May 10–June 1, 1961, no. 39.

American Embassy, London. "Marsden Hartley," June 15–July 15, 1961, no. 39.

Portland, Me. Portland Museum of Art. "Marsden Hartley," August 11–September 4, 1961, no. 39.

Minneapolis. Walker Art Center. "Marsden Hartley," September 24–October 31, 1961, no. 39.

Saint Louis. City Art Museum. "Marsden Hartley," November 15–December 15, 1961, no. 39.

Cincinnati Art Museum. "Marsden Hartley," January 1–31, 1962, no. 39.

New York. Whitney Museum of American Art. "Marsden Hartley," February 20–March 25, 1962, no. 39.

New York. American Federation of Arts Gallery. "Selections from the Edith and Milton Lowenthal Collection," May 25–June 5, 1964, no catalogue.

New York. Whitney Museum of American Art. "Marsden Hartley," March 4–May 25, 1980, no. 84.

Art Institute of Chicago. "Marsden Hartley," June 10–August 3, 1980, no. 84.

Fort Worth. Amon Carter Museum of Western Art. "Marsden Hartley," September 5–October 26, 1980, no. 84.

University Art Museum, University of California at Berkeley. "Marsden Hartley," November 12, 1980–January 4, 1981, no. 84.

Brooklyn Museum. "Modernist Art from the Edith and Milton Lowenthal Collection," March 21–May 10, 1981, no. 32.

New York. Salander-O'Reilly Galleries, Inc. "Marsden Hartley: The Late Figure Works," June 4–30, 1990, no. 5 (as "Portrait of Albert Pinkham Ryder," 1938–39; lent by Edith and Milton Lowenthal).

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "American Art: The Edith and Milton Lowenthal Collection. Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art from the Edith and Milton Lowenthal Collection," October 10, 1996–January 12, 1997, unnumbered cat. (p. 10; published in MMA Bulletin 54, summer 1996).

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Direct Eye: Self–Taught Artists and Their Influence on Twentieth Century Art," June 19–October 18, 1998, no catalogue.

Hartford. Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art. "Marsden Hartley," January 17–April 20, 2003, no. 71 (as "Portrait of Albert Pinkham Ryder").

Washington, D. C. Phillips Collection. "Marsden Hartley," June 7–September 7, 2003, no. 71.

Sanford Schwartz. "A Northern Seascape." Art in America 64 (January 1976), p. 76, ill.

Barbara Haskell. Marsden Hartley. Exh. cat., Whitney Museum of American Art. New York, 1980, pp. 116–17, 219, no. 84, fig. 101, colorpl. 103.

The Edith and Milton Lowenthal Collection. Exh. cat., Brooklyn Museum. Brooklyn, 1981, pp. 30–31, no. 32, ill. p. 22.

Gerald Ferguson, ed. Marsden Hartley and Nova Scotia. Exh. cat., Mount Saint Vincent University Art Gallery. Halifax, 1987, pp. 13, 20, ill. p. 31.

Gail R. Scott. Marsden Hartley. New York, 1988, pp. 114, 137, 169, colorpl. 101.

Roberta Smith. "Hartley's Later Works Show a Talent Distilled." New York Times (June 29, 1990), p. C15.

Lisa Mintz Messinger. "American Art: The Edith and Milton Lowenthal Collection." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 54 (Summer 1996), pp. 3, 7, 10, 28, 46, ill. pp. 6 (installation photo), 10 (color), 46.

Elizabeth Mankin Kornhauser in Marsden Hartley. Ed. Elizabeth Mankin Kornhauser. Exh. cat., Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, Hartford. New Haven, 2002, p. 16.

Amy Ellis in Marsden Hartley. Ed. Elizabeth Mankin Kornhauser. Exh. cat., Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, Hartford. New Haven, 2002, pp. 314–15, no. 71, ill. p. 220 (color).

Bruce Robertson in Marsden Hartley. Ed. Elizabeth Mankin Kornhauser. Exh. cat., Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, Hartford. New Haven, 2002, pp. 153–54.



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