Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

Bust of a Man

Artist:
Pablo Picasso (Spanish, Malaga 1881–1973 Mougins, France )
Date:
1908
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
24 1/2 x 17 1/8 in. (62.2 x 43.5 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Bequest of Florene M. Schoenborn, 1995
Accession Number:
1996.403.5
Rights and Reproduction:
© 2016 Estate of Pablo Picasso / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 911
In his early experiments with Cubism, Picasso incorporated non-Western pictorial elements into his work, looking in particular at Iberian and African sculpture, which he saw on his frequent visits to Paris’s ethnographic museum, the Musée d’Ethnographie du Trocadéro. In Bust of a Man, Picasso uses a deep orange, rust, and brown color palette common to African wood masks. The simplified yet haunting forms of the figure’s face, with its long nose and large lozenge-shaped eyes and mouth, recall those of the Dan mask photographed by Charles Sheeler.
Inscription: Signed, upper left: Picasso
Leo and Gertrude Stein, Paris (ca. 1908–13/14; acquired from the artist); [Galerie Kahnweiler, Paris, by 1914, stock no. 1888; sequestered Kahnweiler stock, Paris, 1914–21; sale, "Vente de biens allemands ayant fait l'objet d'une mesure de Séquestre de Guerre: Collection Henry Kahnweiler [sic], Tableaux Moderne, deuxième vente," Hôtel Drouot, Paris, November 17–18, 1921, no. 197, for Fr 1,800, through Léonce Rosenberg, to Roché]; Henri-Pierre Roché, Paris (1921–26; consigned to Galerie Vavin-Raspail, Paris, November 14, 1925; sold on January 4, 1926, for Fr 17,500, probably to Loeb); [Galerie Pierre (Pierre Loeb), Paris, probably 1926–at least 1932]; Walter P. Chrysler, Jr., New York and Warrenton, Virginia (by 1936–at least 1942); [Gimpel Fils, London, by 1954–1955; sold on January 24, 1955 for $22,800 to Marx]; Samuel and Florene Marx, Chicago (1955–his d. 1964); Florene May Marx, later Mrs. Wolfgang Schoenborn, New York (1964–d. 1995; on extended loan to the Museum of Modern Art, New York, from 1971; on extended loan to MMA from 1985; her bequest to MMA)

Paris. Galerie Georges Petit. "Exposition Picasso," June 16–July 30, 1932, no. 44.

Kunsthaus Zürich. "Picasso Retrospective, 1901–1931," September 11–October 30, 1932, extended to November 13, 1932, no. 37.

Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels. [1932].

Barcelona. Adlan Sala Esteva. "Picasso," January 13–February 28, 1936, no. 2.

Galeria Arte, Bilbao. "Picasso," February–March 1936, no. 2.

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New York. Valentine Gallery. "Picasso, 1901–1934: Retrospective Exhibition," October 26–November 21, 1936, no. 29.

Arts Club of Chicago. "The Walter P. Chrysler, Jr. Collection," January 8–31, 1937, no. 36.

Detroit Institute of Arts. "Selected Exhibition of the Walter P. Chrysler, Jr. Collection," October 5–31, 1937, no. 2.

Jacques Seligmann and Co., New York. "20 Years in the Evolution of Picasso, 1903–1923: Loan Exhibition," November 1–20, 1937, no. 6.

Boston Museum of Modern Art. "Picasso–Henri Matisse," October 19–November 11, 1938, no. 8.

Marie Harriman Gallery, New York. "Picasso: Figure Paintings," January 30–February 18, 1939, no. 3.

Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. "The Sources of Modern Painting. A Loan Exhibition Assembled from American Public and Private Collections," March 2–April 9, 1939, no. 42.

New York. Wildenstein and Co., Inc. "The Sources of Modern Painting. A Loan Exhibition Assembled from American Public and Private Collections by the Institute of Modern Art," April 25–May 20, 1939, no. 31.

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Art Institute of Chicago. "Picasso: Forty Years of His Art," February 1–March 5, 1940, no. 78.

City Art Museum of Saint Louis. "Picasso: Forty Years of His Art," March 16–April 14, 1940, no. 78.

Boston. Museum of Fine Arts. "Picasso: Forty Years of His Art," April 26–May 25, 1940, no. 78.

Richmond. Virginia Museum of Fine Arts. "Collection of Walter P. Chrysler, Jr.," January 16–March 4, 1941, no. 158.

Philadelphia Museum of Art. "Collection of Walter P. Chrysler, Jr.," March 29–May 11, 1941, no. 158.

London. Gimpel Fils Ltd. "Collector's Choice IV," November–December 1954, no. 26.

New York. Museum of Modern Art. "Paintings from Private Collections: A 25th Anniversary Exhibition," May 31–September 5, 1955, no. 112.

New York. Museum of Modern Art. "The School of Paris: Paintings from the Florene May Schoenborn and Samuel A. Marx Collection," November 2, 1965–January 2, 1966, unnumbered cat. (p. 17).

Art Institute of Chicago. "The School of Paris: Paintings from the Florene May Schoenborn and Samuel A. Marx Collection," February 11–March 27, 1966, unnumbered cat.

City Art Museum of Saint Louis. "The School of Paris: Paintings from the Florene May Schoenborn and Samuel A. Marx Collection," April 26–June 13, 1966, unnumbered cat.

Mexico City. Museo de Arte Moderno. "The School of Paris: Paintings from the Florene May Schoenborn and Samuel A. Marx Collection," July 2–August 7, 1966, unnumbered cat.

San Francisco Museum of Art. "The School of Paris: Paintings from the Florene May Schoenborn and Samuel A. Marx Collection," September 2–October 2, 1966, unnumbered cat.

Museum of Modern Art, New York. "Picasso in the Collection of The Museum of Modern Art," February 3-April 2, 1972, unnumbered cat. (p. 6).

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Madrid. Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía. "A. C.: La revista del G.A.T.E.P.A.C., 1931–1937," October 28, 2008–January 5, 2009, not in catalogue.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Picasso in The Metropolitan Museum of Art," April 27–August 1, 2010, no. 46.

Kunsthaus Zürich. "Picasso by Picasso. His First Museum Exhibition, 1932," October 15, 2010–January 30, 2011, no. 13.

San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. "The Steins Collect: Matisse, Picasso, and the Parisian Avant-Garde," May 21–September 6, 2011, no. 243.

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"Revue des ventes: Séquestre Kahnweiler, 2me vente." Gazette de l'Hôtel Drouot 30 (November 22, 1921), no. 197.

Genaro Estrada. Genio y figura de Picasso. Mexico, 1936, p. 55, no. 44 (Exh. Paris 1932 checklist).

C. J. Bulliet. "[Review of Chicago 1937]." Chicago Daily News (January 9, 1937), sec. 3, p. 2, ill.

James Thrall Soby. "Picasso: A Critical Estimate." Parnassus 11 (December 1939), p. 10.

E[mily] G[enauer]. "Ten Paintings Throw Light on Picasso's Development." New York World Telegram (February 4, 1939), p. 13.

Alfred M. Frankfurter. "The Sources of Modern Painting: A Concrete Exposition by the Boston Institute of Modern Art." Art News 37 (March 11, 1939), p. 10, ill.

Howard Devree. "Work by Dutch and French Masters." New York Times (February 5, 1939), sec. 9, p. X9.

Howard Devree. "Ten Ring Circus: PIcasso Exhibit Shows Diversity and Shallowness of Modern Art." Boston Evening Transcript (November 18, 1939), p. 7, ill.

"Modern Art Confesses All." Art Digest 13 (April 1, 1939), pp. 8–9, ill.

"Moderns' Debt to Antiquity Shown at Boston Exhibition." Newsweek 13 (March 13, 1939), p. 37, ill.

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Jean Cassou. Picasso. London, 1940, pp. 59, 165, ill.

Christian Zervos. Pablo Picasso. Vol. 2a, Works from 1906 to 1912. Paris, 1942, p. 39, no. 76, ill.

Ramón Gómez de la Serna. Completa y veridica historia de Picasso y el cubismo. Turin, 1945, pl. XI.

Alfred H. Barr Jr. Picasso: Fifty Years of His Art. New York, 1946, pp. 62–63, 65, ill.

Joan Merli. Picasso, el artista y la obra de nuestro tiempo. 2nd ed. (1st ed.,1942). Buenos Aires, 1948, pl. 172.

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Introduction by Alfred H. Barr Jr. "Paintings from Private Collections." Museum of Modern Art Bulletin 22 (Summer 1955), pp. 20, 34, ill.

Henri-Pierre Roché. "Adieu, brave petite collection!." L'Oeil no. 51 (March 1959), p. 40.

Roland Penrose. The Eye of Picasso. New York and Toronto, 1967, p. 16, pl. 7.

Franco Russoli and Fiorella Minervino. L'opera completa di Picasso cubista. Milan, 1972, pp. 95–96, no. 177, ill.

Pierre Daix and Joan Rosselet. Picasso, The Cubist Years, 1907–1916: A Catalogue Raisonné of the Paintings and Related Works. Boston, 1979, p. 217, no. 143, ill.

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Scarlett Bonduelle-Reliquet. "Henri-Pierre Roché, collectionneur (1879–1959)." PhD diss., Université de Lille III, 1997, pp. 119, 210–11.

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Robert McD. Parker and Maxime Touillet in The Steins Collect: Matisse, Picasso, and the Parisian Avant-Garde. Ed. Janet Bishop, Cécile Debray, and Rebecca Rabinow. Exh. cat., San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. San Francisco, 2011, pl. 352 (installation photo).

Robert Parker in The Steins Collect: Matisse, Picasso, and the Parisian Avant-Garde. Ed. Janet Bishop, Cécile Debray, and Rebecca Rabinow. Exh. cat., San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. San Francisco, 2011, pp. 431, 465, no. 243.

Janet Bishop, Cécile Debray, and Rebecca Rabinow, ed. The Steins Collect: Matisse, Picasso, and the Parisian Avant-Garde. Exh. cat., San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. San Francisco, 2011, pp. 275–76, colorpl. 222.



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