Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

Black Hollyhock, Blue Larkspur

Artist:
Georgia O'Keeffe (American, Sun Prairie, Wisconsin 1887–1986 Santa Fe, New Mexico)
Date:
1929
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
36 x 30 in. (91.4 x 76.2 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
George A. Hearn Fund, 1934
Accession Number:
34.51
Rights and Reproduction:
© 2016 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
Not on view
During her first stay in Taos, New Mexico from April to August 1929, O'Keeffe was the guest of socialite Mabel Dodge Luhan. She felt alive in her new surroundings and immediately set to painting the flowers that lined the path outside her guesthouse studio.
[An American Place, New York, until 1934; sold to MMA]

An American Place, New York. "Georgia O'Keeffe: Recent Paintings, New Mexico, New York, Etc, Etc.," January 18–February 27, 1931, no catalogue (checklist no. 18; as "Black Flower and Blue Larkspur") [probably this picture; see Ref. Buhler Lynes 1999].

An American Place, New York. "Georgia O'Keeffe: 44 Selected Paintings (1915–1927)," January 29–March 17, 1934, possibly extended to March 27, 1934, no catalogue [possibly this picture].

New York. The Forum, RCA Building, Rockefeller Center. "First Municipal Art Exhibition: Paintings, Sculpture, Drawings, Prints by Living American Artists Identified with the New York Art World," February 28–March 31, 1934, no. 672 (as "Black Flower and Blue Iris").

New Haven. Pierson College, Yale University. "Exhibition of American Art," January 12 - March 22, 1935.

Minneapolis Institute of Arts. "American Paintings Since Sargent, Lent by The Metropolitan Museum of Art," October 4–31, 1940, brochure no. 30 (as "Black Flower and Blue Larkspur").

Montgomery Museum of Art. "American Paintings from the Metropolitan Museum Collection," November 9–December 1, 1941.

New York. Young Men's Christian Association, West Side. September 25, 1942–February 1, 1943, no catalogue.

Utica, N.Y. Munson-Williams-Proctor Arts Institute. "Picture of the Month," April 1944, no catalogue.

Mobile, Ala. Mobile Public Library. April 15–May 25, 1945, no catalogue.

New York. Emily Shop. April 10–20, 1946, no catalogue.

New York. Columbia University Journalism Department. January 24–July 31, 1949, no catalogue.

Seattle Art Museum. "Contemporary American Painting and Sculpture," February 4–April 5, 1953, unnum. brochure (as "Black Flower and Blue Larkspur" 1924).

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Columbia Bicentennial Exhibition," October 28, 1954–April 18, 1955, no catalogue.

Montclair, N. J. Montclair Art Museum. "The World of Flowers in Painting," April 2–23, 1961, no. 32 (as "Black Flower and Blue Larkspur").

East Hampton. Guild Hall. "Of Art and Nature," August 20–September 4, 1961, no. 21 (as "Black Flower and Blue Larkspur").

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Three Centuries of American Painting," April 9–October 17, 1965, unnum. checklist (as "Black Flower and Blue Larkspur").

Indianapolis Museum of Art. "Treasures from the Metropolitan," October 25, 1970–January 3, 1971, no. 39 (as "Black Flower and Blue Larkspur").

San Juan. El Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña. "Arte del Siglo Veinte: EE.UU. del Museum Metropolitano de Arte," April 19–May 31, 1974, no. 12.

New York. Kennedy Galleries. "The Hundredth Anniversary Exhibition of Paintings and Sculptures by 100 Artists Associated with the Art Students League of New York," March 6–29, 1975, no. 70 (as "Black Flower and Larkspur").

Yonkers. Hudson River Museum. "Women in America: The Second Hundred Years," September 14–November 16, 1975, not in brochure.

Southampton, N. Y. Parrish Art Museum. "Twentieth Century American Paintings from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," September 25–December 31, 1977, no. 7 (as "Black Flower and Blue Larkspur").

New York. Zabriskie Gallery. "Alfred Stieglitz and An American Place 1929-1946," May 2–June 3, 1978, no. 65 (as "Black Flower and Blue Larkspur").

Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels. "La Peinture Américaine au 20e Siècle de la Collection du Metropolitan Museum of Art," June 28–August 23, 1978, no. 7 (as "Fleur Noire et Pied d'Alouette Bleu").

Albany. New York State Senate. "Twelve Americans from the Metropolitan Museum of Art," May 5–June 20, 1980, unnumbered cat. (p. 21; as "Black Flower and Blue Larkspur").

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Georgia O'Keeffe: 1887–1986," November 19, 1988–February 5, 1989, not in catalogue (unnumbered checklist addenda).

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "14 Americans," July 16, 1990–January 2, 1991, unnum. checklist.

"Metropolitan Buys 3 Works In City Art Show." New York Herald Tribune (March 26, 1934), p. 17, ill., as "Black Flower and Blue Iris".

Alan Burroughs. Limners and Likenesses: Three Centuries of American Painting. Cambridge, Mass., 1936, pp. 183, 212, fig. 162, as "Black Flower and Blue Larkspur".

Munson-Williams-Proctor Institute Bulletin "Picture of the Month." (April 1944), unpaginated, ill.

Of Art and Nature. Exh. cat., Guild Hall. East Hampton, N.Y., 1961, unpaginated, no. 21, ill. front and back covers.

Henry Geldzahler. American Painting in the Twentieth Century. New York, 1965, p. 131-132, as "Black Flower and Blue Larkspur".

Nora B. Beeson. Guide to The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1972, p. 279.

Henry Geldzahler in Twentieth-Century Art U.S.A. from the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exh. cat.San Juan, P. R., 1974, pp. 35-36, no. 12, ill.

Georgia O'Keeffe. Georgia O'Keeffe. New York, 1976, text facing pl. 56, artist recalls creating this picture and a similar canvas (1930, private collection, Buhler Lynes 1999 no. 714) during the summer of 1929 in Taos, New Mexico.

Helen A. Harrison. Twentieth Century American Paintings from The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exh. cat., Parrish Art Museum. Southampton, N. Y., 1977, p. 16, no. 7, ill.

Helen A. Harrison in La Peinture Américaine au 20e Siècle de la Collection du Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exh. cat., Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels. Brussels, 1978, unpaginated, no. 7, ill. and ill. front cover (color), reprints Ref. Harrison 1977.

Henry Geldzahler. Twelve Americans from the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exh. cat., New York State Senate, Albany. New York, 1980, pp. 3, 20–21, ill.

Lisa Mintz Messinger. "Georgia O'Keeffe." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 42 (Fall 1984), p. 34, fig. 35 (color).

Philippe de Montebello. "[Director's Note]." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 42 (Fall 1984), p. 2.

Laurie Lisle. Portrait of an Artist: A Biography of Georgia O'Keeffe. Albuquerque, 1986, p. 215, calls it "Black Flower and Blue Larkspur".

Charles C. Eldredge in Art in New Mexico, 1900–1945: Path to Taos and Santa Fe. Exh. cat., National Museum of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C. New York, 1986, p. 165, fig. 190.

Erika Billeter. "Georgia O'Keeffe's Bilder." Du (May 1987), pp. 37-38, ill. (color).

Lisa Mintz Messinger. Georgia O'Keeffe. New York, 1988, pp. 58, 62, fig. 42 (color).

Michael Berry. Georgia O'Keeffe. New York, 1988, p. 76, as "Black Flower and Blue Larkspur".

Roxana Robinson. Georgia O'Keeffe: A Life. New York, 1989, p. 403, calls it "Black Flower and Blue Iris".

Elizabeth Montgomery. Georgia O'Keeffe. New York, 1993, ill. p. 51 (color).

Lucy Belloli. "The Effects of Time: Georgia O'Keeffe's 'Black Hollyhock, Blue Larkspur'." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 51 (Winter 1993-94), pp. 38-43, figs. 1-4, 6-7 (color and bw, overall and details, diagram of hermetically-sealed box containing the painting).

Lisa Mintz Messinger in The Georgia O'Keeffe Museum. Ed. Peter H. Hassrick. New York, 1997, p. 38, calls it "Black Hollyhock with Blue Larkspur"; compares it to the private collection version of the same motif (Buhler Lynes 1999, no. 714); discusses the iconography of the private collection version (on p.75) in the context of nineteenth-century American flower paintings.

Barbara Buhler Lynes. Georgia O'Keeffe: Catalogue Raisonné. New Haven, 1999, vol. 1, p. 430, no. 713, ill. (color); vol. 2, p. 1121, fig. 41 (checklist), p. 1122, fig. 45 (installation view, Exh. New York 1931), calls it "Black Flower and Blue Larkspur (Black Hollyhock and Blue Larkspur)" and dates it 1930.

Elsa Mezvinsky Smithgall in Elizabeth Hutton Turner. Georgia O'Keeffe: The Poetry of Things. Exh. cat., Phillips Collection. Washington, D. C., 1999, p. 112.

Lisa Mintz Messinger. Georgia O'Keeffe. London, 2001, p. 117, fig. 77 (color), calls it "Black Hollyhock with Blue Larkspur".

and Barbara Buhler Lynes in Georgia O'Keeffe in Williamsburg: A Re-Creation of the Artist's First Public Exhibition in the South. Ed. Bonnie G. Kelm Ann C. Madonia. Exh. cat., Muscarelle Museum of Art, The College of William and Mary. Williamsburg, VA, 2001, pp. 42, 45 n. 8, fig. 15 (color), calls it "Black Flower and Blue Larkspur" and dates it 1930.

Hunter Drohojowska-Philp. Full Bloom: The Art and Life of Georgia O'Keeffe. New York and London, 2004, pp. 324, 353, p. 324 calls it "Black Hollyhock Blue Larkspur" [no comma].

Susan Wright. Georgia O'Keeffe: An Eternal Spirit. (1st ed., 1996). [New York], 2006, p. 80, ill. (color).

Barbara Buhler Lynes. Georgia O'Keeffe Museum Collections. New York, 2007, p. 152.

Sarah Greenough, ed. My Faraway One: Selected Letters of Georgia O'Keeffe and Alfred Stieglitz. Vol. 1, 1915–1933. New Haven, Conn., 2011, p. 546.



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